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Constitutional conflicts in the European Union: Court packing in Poland versus the United States

; Republicans take Ohio, Wisconsin, Kansas and Massachusetts. New York Times, 1. Kumm, M. & Ferreres Comella, V. (2005). The primacy clause of the constitutional treaty and the future of constitutional conflict in the European Union. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 3, 473-492. doi: 10.1093/icon/moi029 Letowska, E. (2018, February 20). Position of the Helsinki Committee in Poland. An open letter. Public Seminar. Retrieved from http://www.publicseminar.org/2018/02/position

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Technological competitiveness of the EU member states in the era of the fourth industrial revolution

competitiveness report 2010 . Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. EC. (2015). Monitoring the digital economy & society 2016-2021 . Brussels: European Commission, DG Communications Networks, Content & Technology. EC. (2018). Digital transformation scoreboard 2018. EU businesses go digital: Opportunities, outcomes and uptake internal market . Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Ernst, H., & Omland, N. (2011). The Patent Asset Index: A new approach to benchmark patent portfolios. World Patent Information , 33 , 34

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General Government Debt and Budget Deficit as Threats to Economic Security of the European Union Countries

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present budget deficit and government debt in the European Union member states, with particular consideration of the countries that belong to the PIIGS group. This paper has focused on the scale of these phenomena, on their reasons and on some attempts made to improve the unfavourable situation. In the main thesis presented in the article, it is stated that budget deficit and general government debt come as significant threats to economic security of the European Union (EU) countries. The research methods that have been applied in the study involve descriptive analysis and statistical data analysis.

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Neighbouring countries – an important segment in inbound tourism An example of the European Union member states

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present the significance of neighbouring countries in the structure of inbound tourism for the member countries of the European Union. In order to achieve this aim, some secondary materials presenting the volume and the structure of tourist traffic in the analysed countries have been referred to. The structure of the article allows the Author to provide a detailed analysis of the particular problems in the discussed field. Firstly, a review of scientific literature on tourist traffic and the significance of neighbouring countries for inbound tourism is provided. The next part of the text presents the countries adjacent to the European Union member states. Subsequently, the significance of these destinations is indicated, due to the data that present the structure of inbound tourism. It transpires that in most analysed countries, their neighbouring states come as a significant - and often even the most important - segment in inbound tourism. Furthermore, neighbouring countries often take the top positions on the list of the countries the citizens of which visit particular destinations most frequently. The analysis of the structure of inbound tourism in Poland in the years 2012-2016 also indicates that the neighbouring markets form the most important segment, regardless of some changes that took place during the analysed time period. Due to the review of some relevant documents, it is indicated (on the example of Poland) that neighbouring countries are often of priority significance in the assumptions and development plans for tourism, although the ranks of the particular countries can be different. On one hand, the considerations presented in the article allow the Author to evaluate the significance of neighbouring countries for inbound tourism in the particular countries; on the other hand, they indicate the necessity of including these countries into the tourism policy, along with promotion activities undertaken in the foreign markets.

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The Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems in New Member States of the European Union: A Nonparametric DEA Approach

). Regional innovation systems in the Lisbon strategy. European Planning Studies, 13(8), 1153-1172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09654310500336519 Doloreux, D. (2003) Regional innovation systems in the periphery: the case of the Beauce in Quebec (Canada). International Journal of Innovation Management. 7(1), 67-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1363919603000738 Drăgan, N., Dzemyda, I., Karčiauskas, A. (2011). An approach to evaluate influence of European Union innovation policy to increase the economic equality between member states. Intellectual

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Green Public Procurement: Case Study of Latvian Municipalities

procurement: how much decentralization. In: Piga, G., Thai, K.V. (Eds.). The Economics of Public Procurement . Palgrave, Basingstoke, 207–232. European Commission (EC). (2019). What is GPP. Retrieved on 15 September 2019 from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/what_en.htm European Commission (EC). (2016). Public Procurement Indicators 2015. Retrieved on 15 April 2019 from http://ec.europa.eu/DocsRoom/documents/20679 European Union (EU). (2012). Consolidated versions of the treaty on European Union and the treaty on the functioning of the European

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The Reaction of Stock Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries to Economic Policy Uncertainty in the United States

Interdependence between the Euro Area and the United States. The Economic Journal, 115(506), 928-948. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2005.01025.x Ehrmann, M., & Fratzscher, M. (2009). Global Financial Transmission of Monetary Policy Shocks. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 71(6), 739-759. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0084.2009.00561.x European Commission. (2018). European Union, Trade in Goods with GCC. Retrieved from trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2006/September/tradeec_113482.pdf Fadejeva, L., Feldkircher, M

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Modelling Support Mechanism Impact on Electric Vehicle Registration in Latvia

and Parking Patterns of European Car Drivers - a Mobility Survey. Joint Research Centre. Institute for Institute for Energy and Transport. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from http://publications.europa.eu/resource/cellar/2d5d968f-4f4c-4ee0-82e2-a7a136dfd187.0001.02/DOC_1 Plotz, P., Gnann, T., & Sprei, F. (2017). What are the Effects of Incentives on Electric Vehicle Sales in Europe? Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany. Retrieved 26.09.2018 from https

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Fiscal consequences of the abolition of sugar levies

. European Commission. (1998). Financing the European Union. Commission report on the operation of the own resources system, commission of the European communities. Brussels: COM 560 final. European Commission. (2004). Financing the European Union. Commission report on the operation of the own resources system. Brussels: COM 505 final, vol. II, Technical Annex. European Union. (2006). Financial Report 2005. Luxembourg: European Union. European Commission. (2008a). 1st Financial Report from the Commission to the European

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Management of Tax Payments Under the Definitive Value Added Tax Regime

://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=879610 Lockwod, B., De Meza, D., & Myles, G. (1995). On the European Union VAT Proposals: The Superiority of Origin over Destination Taxation. Fiscal Studies, 16, 1-17. Retrieved from http://people.exeter.ac.uk/gdmyles/papers/pdfs/ECOANDD.pdf McLure, C. (2000). Implementing Subnational Value Added Taxes on Internal Trade: the Compensating VAT (CVAT). Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.199.8913&rep=rep1&type=pdf Poniatowski, G., Bonch-Osmolovskiy, M

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