under the age of 18 years. Eight million of them come from Syria and Afghanistan. The vast majority of refugees, according to the statistics – 86% – live in developing regions See http://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html (accessed 2/6/2018); https://www.amnesty.org/en/what-we-do/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-migrants/ (accessed 2/6/2018). ; hence, Europe is faced only with a small percentage of those in urgent need. And yet it has shown itself unable to find a common approach to help that would come out of the values on which the EuropeanUnion is based
, rejecting universalistic utopias and turning to their own historical “roots”. Economic globalism and political integration are confronted by cultural separatism, which becomes critical when we come to specific issues swamping Western Europe.
One of the issues is the growing presence of Muslims in the EuropeanUnion (EU). The Summer School on Nationalism, Religion, and Violence in Europe (conducted in Prague between June 18 and 29, 2018) illustrated some concerns about the situation through different presentations and remarkable questions that the participants directed
; Novotný 2017 ; Stulík 2016 ); and the level of individuals (e.g., Hawkins 2009 ). In all these forms of populism, a concept that is markedly dealt with is that of the endangerment of “pure people” by variously defined enemies, who can be corrupt elites ( Wolkenstein 2016 ), the EuropeanUnion, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), or immigrants (cf. Antal 2017 ). In this text, we focus on the ways in which Czech President Miloš Zeman uses the term security (and other related terms; see following sections), which leads to the creation of a populist framing of the
support for a Muslim ban. The scatterplot reveals eye-catching evidence for the phenomenon of ‘ Islamophobia without Muslims ’. At this point, it is important to acknowledge that the ESS (2014) has not been carried out in all member states of the EuropeanUnion. Furthermore, it does not allow representative statements about Eastern Europe as the respective round of the ESS (2014) only contains six Eastern European societies.
The effect of the factual presence of Muslim minorities in European societies on the average support for a Muslim ban
context in selected newspapers that combine simultaneously a high readership and a range of (different) political views. Considering this, we selected two newspapers from Slovakia, SME (liberal, right wing oriented) and Pravda (center-left oriented). As already mentioned, 420 messages were analyzed.
Migration Discourse in the Slovak Republic
The migration crisis that hit Europe at the beginning of the year 2015 significantly influenced not only the inner view on the functionality and efficiency of the EuropeanUnion, but it also changed the mood and the
, Borárosová 2017, 7). Looking at scholarly works available in Slovak, there has been little written on migration except of Jarmila Androvičová’s paper. Androvičová analyzed the migration discourse between 2004 and 2014 (before the EU migration crisis in 2015). She claims that “for a long time, migration has not been one of the topics that would lead to intense any debate in Slovakia, unlike some other countries of the EuropeanUnion. This fact is certainly related to the incomparably lower number of migrants and migrant backgrounds” ( Androvičová 2015 , 319). The situation
paper, one of the legal instruments for enhancing the regionwide participation of the Pacific peoples in New Zealand is the institution of dual citizenship, which should be seen, however, as an initiative instrument for today’s ongoing transregionalism.
As for conclusion, it is necessary to underline that this kind of transregionalism, understood as developed intraregional community building, built also on dual citizenship, shows rather different features and characteristics than that of the EuropeanUnion, however also recognizing and applying dual citizenship
characteristic of the current Russian online discourse in relation to the Czech Republic and, in part, to other Central European countries and Slavic nations and the whole of the EuropeanUnion; 4) map the most frequently used ways of reasoning and linguistic means that are commonly used in the Russian comments to Czech texts and that serve to paint a negative image of Czechs and the Czech Republic for the Russian public.
The study is based on language data acquired by analyzing readers’ comments left on a total of 45 Russian translations of Czech journalistic writings
his relationship with the Hungarians exiled by communism to the United States, the KDNP launched a fundraising drive for a Reagan statue in Budapest, “which will be for us a guide post about the values derived from universal human rights and liberty, the values of our Christian Democratic politicians, and since the unveiling of the statue will take place on the last day of the Hungarian presidency of the EuropeanUnion, it will give European cooperation an Atlantic dimension as well” (U.S. Embassy Budapest videos July 1, 2011).
The tearing down of walls was a
. Moreover, the Ethnologue World Database ignores Moldavian, More at http://www.ethnologue.com/country/MD which is surprising, considering the detailed description of approximately 7,000 languages.
Because the above-mentioned national language problems exceed the borders of Moldova, we cannot accept this problem as an internal matter for Chişinău. The EuropeanUnion is supposed to participate in the solving of problems, as a partner financing many important projects in the country, in Romania as well as in other states whose situation is similar to that of Moldova