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Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.

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Can We Talk about European Public Policy in the Field of Sport?

References Citizens of the European Union and sport (2004). Special Eurobarometer 213. At http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_213_report_en.pdf Code of Sport Ethics (2001). Council of Europe. European Sports Charter (1992; 2001). Council of Europe. Independent European Sport Review (2006). Report by: José Luis Arnaut, Executive Summary. October 2006. Meny, Y., Thoening, J.C. (1989). Politiques Publiques. Editions

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Models of Organisation of Youth Elite Sports Training System in Europe

References Combining sports and education: Support for athletes in the EU Member States. Working Paper. European Parliament, Directorate - General for Research, Education and Culture Series. EDUC 114 EN, Luxembourg, 2003. Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (2008) 6655/1/08 REV 1 Council Of The European Union. Brussels, 30 April 2008. Declaration on the specific characteristics of sport and its social function

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Youth Volunteering in Sport: A Case Study of The Benefits of “The European Voluntary Service” for a Sport Organization

, Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-in-action-programme/doc82_en.htm European Commission (2011d). http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-in-action-programme/european-voluntary-service_en.htm European Union (2010). Volunteering in the European Union, Final Report, GHK, 17 th February, Brussels, Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/citizenship/pdf/doc1018_en.pdf Groll, M., Koopmann, O., Hansch, K. (2008). A status-report within the scope of the project “Sport in Europe - social, political, organizational, legal transparency in Europe”, German Sports University

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Investments in Recreational and Sports Infrastructure aS A Basis for the Development of Sports Tourism On the Example of Spa Municipalities

competitiveness of tourist services in spa towns . Kraków-Krynica: Instytut Turystyki w Krakowie Sp. z o.o., Stowa-rzyszenie Gmin Uzdrowiskowych R P. [in Polish] 11. Hadzik A., Kantyka J., Szromek A. (2009). Health tourism and wellness as modern forms of Spa tourism . In J. Bergier (Ed.), Wellness and success (pp. 97-112). Lublin: NeuroCentrum. 12. Górna J. (2011). Determinants and development trends of spa services in Poland, considering integration with the European Union . Doctoral thesis. Politechnika Czêstochowska, Czê-stochowa. [in Polish]

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Everyday Physical Education: Functional and Dysfunctional Consequences in Hungarian Public Education

Education Act on the School Activity of the Physical Education Teachers. Physical Cultureand Sport Studies and Research, 46, 123-129. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-009-0010-4 European Commission (2007). White paper on sport. Brussels, 11 July 2007. European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice (2013). Physical Education and Sportat School in Europe. Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. European Union (2008). EU Physical Activity Guidelines. Brussels, 10 December 2008. Green, K., Hardman, K

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Leisure-time Physical Activity Among Different Social Groups of Estonia: Results of the National Physical Activity Survey

Culture (2011). Sport for All Development Plan 2011-2014. Tallinn. European Commission (2004). The citizens of the European Union and sport. Brussels: European Commission/Directorate General for Education & Culture (EC/DGEC). European Commission (2010). Sport and Physical Activity (Special Eurobarometer 334). Brussels: European Commission. Farrell, L., Hollingsworth, B., Propper, C., Shields, M.A. (2013). The Socioeconomic Gradient in Physical Inactivity in England. Working paper no 13/311. Retrieved February 24, 2015

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The Vocational Skills of Graduates with a Degree in Tourism and Recreation in the Context of the National Qualifications Framework

. [in Polish] 4. The Minister of Science and Higher Education. (2011). The regulation on the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education. Warsaw: Journal of Laws No. 253, item 1520. [in Polish] 5. Krasniewski A. (2011). Preparation of a curriculum in accor­dance with the requirements of the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education. Warsaw: MNiSW. [in Pol­ish] 6. The European Qualifications Framework for life-long learn­ing (EQF). (2009). Luxembourg: The Publications Office of the European Union

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Post-transformational Trends in Hungarian Sport (1995-2004)

-9. Hédi, Cs., Földesi Sz. Gy. (2004). Sport Structures in Hungary. In Tokarski, W. et al. (Eds.) Two Players One Goal? Sport in the European Union. Aachen: Meyer und Meyer Verlag, pp. 169-183. Ibsen, B., Jorgensen (2001). The Cultural and the Voluntary Development of Sport for All in Denmark. In Da Costa, L., Miragaya, A. (Eds.) Worldwide Experiences and Trends in Sport for All. Meyer und Meyer Verlag, Aachen, pp. 293-322. Krawczyk, Z. (1992). Sport in the Era of Structural Changes: the Example of Eastern Europe

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Recreational Physical Activity of International Sports Events Fans
Physical activity of sports events fans

. (2002). The opinion of cit­izens of six European countries on Physical activity. Project „Bridging East - West Health Onlooker”. Medycyna Sporto­wa 18(5), 169-174. [in Polish] Martinez-Gonzalez, M., Martinez J.A., Hu F.B., Gibney M.J. & Kearney J. (1999). Physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle and obesity in the European Union. International Journal of Obesity 23, 1192-1201. Mogila-Lisowska, J. (2010). Recreational physical activity of adult Poles - conditions and style of participation. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish

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