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Notes on the Demographic Transformations in Postcommunist Romania

Abstract

The article presents a few of the demographic transformations in Romania in the period after the fall of the communist regime in 1989, when the new social circumstances, along with legal changes, had an undeniable effect on the manifestation of the demographic phenomena and thus on the volume and the structure of the population. The present article summarizes and also describes the transformations, with a few attempts at explaining them, without, however, aligning to any major theory that attempts to explain what has happened and to predict what will come next. In order to avoid entrapment within an enclosed discursive universe, there will be references to the situation of other countries, mainly in the geographical area of Romania and, more widely, in the European Union. The demographic phenomena that are analysed individually are fertility and mortality, which have a direct impact on the natural growth of the population. There are only a few suggestions on transnational migration in the section devoted to the changes of the population. Last, but not least, the text is a critical analysis of some of the official demographic statistics put forward by the National Institute of Statistics and even by EUROSTAT – data that is questionable or outright false and risks misleading the reader that is less familiar with the demographic situation of Romania.

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The Bacas and the Priests: How Old Adversaries Came Together to Revive and Reinterpret Tradition

Bibliography BAZIŃSKA, B. (1970): “Wierzenia i Praktyki Magiczne Pasterzy w Tatrach Polskich”. In Włodzimierz Antoniewicz (ed.) Pasterstwo Tatr Polskich i Podhala . Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, pp. 65-229. CEKLARZ, K. (2013): “Bulanda − Czarownik i Znachor z Gorców w Świetle Badań Etnograficznych z lat 1960-1966.” In Wierchy 16, pp. 127-152. Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006. 2006. “Application for Registration in Accordance with Articles 5 and 17(2) ‘OSCYPEK.’” Official Journal of the European Union, 6(510):C 180/94 – C 180

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From Informal Exchanges to Dual Practices. The Shadows of the Romanian Health Care Reform

with health care services in the new member states of the European Union. Studia UBB Sociologia , 52(2): 125–150. Popescu, L. (2009). Serviciile de îngrijire a sănătății [Health care services]. In M. Preda (ed.), Riscuri și inechități sociale în România. Raportul comisiei prezidențiale pentru analiza riscurilor sociale și demografice [Risks and inequities in Romania . The report of the presidential commission for the analysis of social and demographic risks]. Iași: Polirom, pp.152–167. Rebeleanu, A., Șoitu, D., Gavrilovici, C., Oprea, L. (2013

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New Spirit and New Hero: How Hungarian Startups Redefine the Ideas of Local Capitalism

REFERENCES Boltanski, L., Chiapello, È. (2007 [1999]). The New Spirit of Capitalism . New York: Verso. Boltanski, L., Thévenot, L. (2006 [1991]). On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Böröcz, J. (2012). Hungary in the European Union: ’Catching Up’, Forever. Economic & Political Weekly , 47(23): 22–25. Éber, M., Gagyi, Á., Gerőcs, T., Jelinek, Cs., Pinkasz, A. (2014). 1989: Szempontok a rendszerváltás globális politikai gazdaságtanához [Viewpoints for the global political economic analysis of the

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Social and Spatial Continuities and Differentiations among Portuguese Ciganos: Regional Profiles

Inclusão dos Ciganos . European Parliament resolution on the EU strategy for Roma integration (2010/2276, INI). Brussels: European Parliament. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/document/activities/cont/201101/20110105ATT11258/20110105ATT11258EN.pdf (Accessed: 20.10.2015). European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) (2012). The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States Survey results at a glance . Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/2099-FRA-2012-Roma-at-a-glance)_EN.pdf (Accessed: 20

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Book Reviews

of Stories. In: M. L. Knapp, J. A. Daly (Eds.), Handbook of Interpersonal Communication . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage (pp. 73–101). Dewalt, K. M., Dewalt, B. R. (2002). Participant Observation: A Guide for Fieldworkers . Walnut Creek, Lanham, New York, Oxford: Alta Mira Press. della Porta, D., Diani, M. (2006). Social Movements. An Introduction . Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU (2017). European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. Meyerowitz, J. (2002). How Sex

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Religion and culture in Europe: law, policies and realities

multiculturalism) and misreported and misunderstood the laws and policies on culture and religion in Europe. This article addresses these relationships in an exploration of religion and culture in the European Union (EU), and while concurring about the importance of religious issues, this article argues for a disentanglement of the two as a necessary step in engaging with the real religious differences within and across the EU. An earlier version of this paper appeared in Mansouri (2017) , 145-170. The European Community is the unique and fascinating development of an

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Receptivity to eHealth Services in the Hungarian Population of Mureş County, Romania

: How the Net Generation Is Changing Your World . McGraw Hill: New York-Chicago. TFEU. 2012. Consolidated Versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Official Journal C 326/49. Vicente, Maris R., Madden, Gary. 2017. Assessing eHealth Skills across Europeans. Health Policy and Technology 6(2): 161–168. Zulman, Donna M., Kirch, Matthias, Zheng, Kai, An, Lawrence C. An. 2011. Trust in the Internet as a Health Resource among Older Adults: Analysis of Data from a Nationally Representative Survey

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An “Alien” or a Stranger Indeed?

Communities in the Light of the Documents’ Analysis]. In: E. Pindel (ed.), Imigranci w Małopolsce. Między integracją, asymilacją, separacją, marginalizacją [Immigrants in Lesser Poland. Between the Integration, Assimilation, Separation, Marginalization]. 49–116. Kraków: Akademia Ignatianum. Garosi, Eleonora. 2002. Moral Panic and Social Construction of Migrants as a Security Issue in the Context of Risk Societies [paper at the conference: Transnational Mobility and Security: Conceptual Frames, Experiences and New Perspectives for the European Union, Cecina], 12 July

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The Decline and Resurgence of Turkish Islamism: The Story of Tayyip Erdoğan’s AKP

in a nation accustomed to multi-party politics and complex coalition governments. After the AKP won the 2002 elections and formed a single party government, it commenced work on the reforms that were required to facilitate EU accession. The AKP was fully aware that the European Union could be of critical help in its effort to gain political legitimacy in the eyes of the establishment and the masses that did not vote for it. With this in mind, the AKP vowed to take all necessary steps for reform for Turkey to qualify for the start of EU accession negotiations. By

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