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Quality Assurance in Moving and Handling Education: Myth or Legend

Abstract

Introduction. The lack of quality assurance within moving and handling education leads to an inconsistency in training and practice.

Aim. This article discusses the implications for practice and the need for a more robust regulatory framework and standards to be adopted within the European Union.

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Moving and Handling in the Community: the Real Cost of an Informal Carer

Abstract

Introduction. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the leading cause of work disability, sickness absence from work, and loss of productivity in healthcare across all the European Union (EU) member states. Aim. This article examines the available evidence on the economic burden of MSDs on informal carers in the UK and highlights areas of moving and handling practice. Summary. Such solutions might improve the outcomes for informal carers and their families, as well as reduce the economic costs of MSDs.

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The role of nursing stuff in the early identification, prophylaxis and treatment of sepsis in the light of the new definition of sepsis

Abstract

Introduction. It is estimated that every year 31 million people suffer from sepsis and even 6 million cases of illness end up in the patient’s death. In 2016 the current definition of sepsis was established as a life-threatening multiorgan failure resulting from an abnormal immune response caused by patient infection. The pathobiological approach rejects the current method of diagnosing sepsis based on the occurrence of SIRS, because many other non-infectious diseases may also cause its occurrence. There was proposed a scale of progressive organ failure called SOFA and qSOFA. In May 2017, WHO released a resolution that obliges European Union countries to raise awareness about sepsis prevention, diagnosis, treatment and management.

Results. A nurse is the person who spends the most time with a patient, thus becoming the best observer of changes in his/her vital functions and well-being. Nurses working in basic health care, hospital emergency ward and all departments not involved in intensive medical care, have an important role in prevention of infections, as over 70% of sepsis cases begins in a non-hospital environment, and the current level of public knowledge reaches only 14%.

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Providing help to multicultural patients in the context of contemporary population migrations in Europe

Abstract

Introduction. The population migration to the countries of the European Union (EU) of the conflict of war has grown substantially in recent years. According to the Office for Foreigners in Poland are staying 586 thousand foreigners. 279 refugees from Syria arrived in Poland in 2015. The economic development of Poland means that the number of foreigners settling in or crossing Poland and using the services of the Polish health service is constantly growing. Foreigners from outside Europe (the largest groups are Vietnamese – 8.8 thousand and Chinese – 6.2 thousand) were brought up in a different culture, but also people from European countries (the largest group are immigrants from Ukraine – 513 thousand) may differ from Poles perceive health and illness. Health Personnel may encounter difficulties in providing medical assistance and taking care of a culturally different patient. They may result from the language barrier, lack of knowledge about the differences in patients’ expectations or lack of skills in communication with the patient. The result may be improper assistance, violation of patients’ rights and avoiding the use of medical services.

Aim. Presentation of the migration of population in EU countries, analysis of problems arising during the provision of assistance to culturally different patients and an indication of the possibility of developing cultural competences of paramedics, nurses and doctors through education in this area.

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The Impact of Migration on Polish Nurses – Pilot Study

Abstract

Introduction. Migration of professional nurses is a global phenomenon. Polish nurses usually migrate to the relatively richer countries, especially in Europe, thanks to the opening of the borders of the European Union (2004) and legal regulations in the field of education of nurses (Directive 2005/36/EC). Aim. The analysis of symptoms and determinants of acculturative stress and acculturative strategies among Polish migrant nurses working in the UK. Material and methods. The study used a proprietary questionnaire and standardized tool the East Asian Acculturation Measure - Scale of Acculturative Strategy. The research was carried out through Internet among 62 people. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Dunn test, coefficient Spearman. Results. The main reason for the migration of respondents to the UK was the desire to improve financial situation and professional development. Responders found job as a nurse, including a charge nurse and managers in hospitals and nursing homes. Acculturative stress manifested most often in social functioning, then in the emotional, cognitive and physical aspects. It was characterized by a sense of lack of interest from British people, sadness, feelings of loneliness, lower self-confidence and shyness. It was determined significantly by the age of the respondents, the length of stay in the UK, knowledge of English and maintaining social contacts with the British. The most commonly used acculturation strategy was integration, conditioned by the length of stay in the UK and symptoms of acculturative stress. Conclusions. Working in a foreign country is associated with acculturative stress, implementation of acculturation adaptive and non-adaptive strategies.

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Patient satisfaction with the level of being informed about the changes in Slovenian healthcare system

Republike Slovenije št. 71; 2014. Available at: https://www.uradni-list.si/glasilo-uradni-list-rs/vsebina/2014-01-2937/kodeks-etike-v-zdravstveni-negi-in-oskrbi-slovenije [in Slovenian language] 24. Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. World Medical Association; 2008. 25. Standard Eurobarometer 90 – Autumn 2018 “Public opinion in the European Union, First results”; 2018. Available at: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=2ahUKEwiht5SU2ZLhAhWy-ioKHXWIA6kQFjAAegQIBhAC

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A literature review of research exploring the experiences of overseas nurses in the United Kingdom (2002–2017)

importance of focusing on the experiences of overseas nurses Overseas nurses come from different countries or regions and have different beliefs and cultures. 8 Statistics from the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) provide information on the top 10 countries of origin ( Figure 1 ). Over the past 10 years, the majority of overseas nurses have come from non-European Union countries. The main countries to export nurses were the Philippines, India, South Africa, and Australia. Until 2015, there were as many as 22,500 overseas nurses from the Philippines working in the UK

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Factors influencing decisions of Laotian patients to use health care services in Thailand

References 1. Österle A. Health care across borders: Austria and its new EU neighbours. J Eur Soc Pol. 2007; 17:112-24. 2. Legido-Quigley H, Glinos I, Baeten R, McKee M. Patient mobility in the European Union. BMJ. 2007; 334:188-90. 3. Evers S, Paulus A, Boonen A. Integrated care across borders: possibilities and complexities. Int J Integr Care. 2001;1:e18. 4. Groene O, Poletti P, Vallejo P, Cucic C, Klazinga N, Sunol R. Quality requirements for cross-border care in Europe: a qualitative study of

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A new Guide for Authors: a clearer path to publication

, express consent orally, or sign a consent form. As a general rule, the subject should sign a consent form, or, in the case of incompetence, a legal guardian or other duly authorized representative should do so” [ 5 ]. Questions sometimes arise about what form of documentation of informed consent is appropriate for use in communities where many lack literacy. Some, including the European Union, specify illiteracy as a necessary condition for permitting verbal consent. It may be inappropriate to ask participants to sign consent forms in such situations, and people in

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Body weight, BMI, and stature have a protective effect on bone mineral density in women with postmenopausal vertebral osteoporosis, whereas greater age at menarche and years after menopause have a negative effect

Osteoporosis is characterized by a decrease of bone mass, but without detectable changes in the mineralized and nonmineralized matrix ratio. Microarchitectural deterioration of the bone tissue occurs in osteoporosis, followed by enhanced bone fragility and increased risk of fracture [ 1 ]. It is estimated that in USA and European Union around 30% of women who have reached menopause are suffering from osteoporosis [ 2 ]. In Asia, the overall prevalence of osteoporosis is higher than in the western countries [ 3 ]. In Taiwan, there is a 10.08% prevalence of

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