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Immigrants and the space of national minorities in contemporary Europe

Abstract

The study indicates that contemporary migration movements of the population in Europe are typical of the cultural and civilizational development of the world. Their main cause involves the problem of meeting needs, especially in terms of money and living. The institutions of the European Union, which stress the guarantee of the rights of a human and a citizen, attach significant importance to them. The location of immigrants is different in various European countries. The experience of the past plays an important role in this respect (migration tradition of states and nations). In terms of the recognition of the principle of the EU that European unity is formed by its cultural diversity, migrants (immigrants and emigrants) are subject to the general processes of cultural and civilizational transformation.

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China’s New Silk Roads. Categorising and Grouping the World: Beijing’s 16+1+X European Formula

References Arase, David. 2015. “China’s Two Silk Roads Initiative: What It Means for Southeast Asia.” Southeast Asian Affairs, 1, pp. 25-45. Austrian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. 2018. “‘A Europe that Protects’ - Priorities of the Austrian Presidency of the Council of the European Union.” Online: https://www.eu2018.at/agenda-priorities/priorities.html (accessed: June 6, 2018). Bachler, Martina. 2013. “China kauft Österreich.” In Trend (June 6). Online: https

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Irish and Polish in a New Context of Diversity in Northern Ireland’s Schools

.d. Studying Scotland/Ionnsachadh Alba. Available at: http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/studyingscotland/index.asp (accessed 23 November 2016). Education Support for Northern Ireland. n.d. Inclusion and Diversity Service (IDS). Available at: http://www.education-support.org.uk/teachers/ids/ (accessed 23 November 2016). Eur-Lex. Access to European Union Law. Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2015/2264 of 3 December 2015. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32015R2264 (accessed 7 July 2017

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Between Mainland and Island: Causes for Migration and the Way of Life of Chinese Mainland Migrant Workers in Bó’áo

: Lìzú Hǎinán de zhuīqiú hé tànsuǒ 策划天涯:立足海南的追求和探索 [Planning the End of the World: Gain a Foothold in the Pursuit and Exploration of Hǎinán]. Beijing: Rénmín Chūbǎnshè, 2008 China Labour Bulletin (CLB). “Migrant workers in China.” In China Labour Bulletin , 2008, http://www.china-labour.org.hk/en/node/1ok00259 , accessed September 2009 Council of the European Union. “Conclusions of the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States on the establishment of Common Basic Principles for immigrant integration policy in the European

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AHP Analysis of Cross-Cultural Friction and Synergy in Korean Subsidiaries of Austrian Companies

-177. Markowitsch, Jorg, Iris Kollinger, John Warmerdam, Hans Moere, John Konrad, Catherine Burell, and David Guile. 2002. Competence and Human Resource Development in Multinational Companies in Three European Union Member States: A Comparative Analysis Between Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Moran, Robert T., Philip R. Harries, and Sarah V. Moran. 2007. Managing Cultural Differences: Global Leadership Strategies for the 21st Century. 7th edition. Oxford: Elsevier Inc

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Electronic Waste in China, Japan, and Vietnam: A Comparative Analysis of Waste Management Strategies

Atsushi Terazono. “Material Flow Analysis of Used Personal Computers in Japan.” In Waste Management, 29, 2009, pp. 1602-1614 Yoshida, Fumikazu and Haruyo Yoshida. “Japan, the European Union, and Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment Recycling: Key Lessons Learned.” In Environmental Engineering Science, 27/1, 2010, pp. 21-28 Yoshida, Fumikazu and Haruyo Yoshida. “E-Waste Management in Japan: A Focus on Appliance Recycling.” In Advanced Materials Research, 878, 2014, pp. 420-423 Yu, Jinglei, Eric Williams, Meiting Ju

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Japanese and South Korean Official Development Assistance (ODA): A Comparative Analysis of Rhetoric and Behaviour

, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea, Speeches and Published Materials website, http://www.mofa.go.kr/webmodule/htsboard/template/read/engreadboard.jsp?typeID=12&boardid=304&seqno=307948&c=TITLE&t=&pagenum=3&tableName=TYPE_ENGLISH&pc=&dc=&wc=&lu=&vu=&iu=&du=, accessed January 2014 Aggestam, Lisbeth. “Role Theory and European Foreign Policy: A Framework for Analysis.” In The European Union’s Roles in International Politics: Concepts and Analysis, edited by Ole Elgström and Michael Smith. London and New York: Routledge, 2006, pp. 11

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Sino-Russian Relations: The Impact of Central Asian Energy Resources

” 中俄美欧与中亚国家能源合作现状及前景 [Current State of and Prospects for Energy Co-operation in Central Asia Between China, Russia, the United States and the European Union]. In Guójì Shíyóu Jīngjì 国际石油经济 [International Petroleum Economics], 11, 2009, pp. 31-33 Xià, Yìshàn 夏义善. “Zhōng-É néngyuán hézuò de xiànzhuàng hé qiánjǐng” 中俄能源合作的现 状和前景 [Current State of and Prospects for Sino-Russian Energy Co-operation]. In Hépíng yú Fāzhǎn 和平与发展 [Peace and Development], 3, 2007, pp. 5-8 Xú, Déróng 徐德荣 and Wáng Yán 王岩. “Lùn Zhōng-É shíyóu hézuò de zhìyuē yīnsù” 论中俄石 油合作的制约因素

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Motivational Factors in the Acquisition of Welsh in Poland

Abstract

For some years now, Welsh has been taught as a foreign language outside Wales, most especially in other Celtic countries, central Europe – and Poland. The first courses were established in the Catholic University of Lublin in the 1980s, and this provision has expanded over the years to include a Celtic language specialisation within the Faculty of English at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Relying at first on teachers from Wales to provide instruction in Welsh, the Centre for Celtic Studies is increasingly producing new, competent speakers/users of Welsh among the Poles. An obvious question to be asked concerns motivational issues – why, on the eastern edges of the European Union, are there people willing to put the effort into learning a language from the far west of Europe, when they have, in some cases, little contact with regular users of Welsh? Through the use of focus group interviews, the present study attempts to discover what motivates Polish students to study Welsh in a context of limited direct contact with the speakers of the language and limited, indirect access to Welsh language and culture.

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Polish Migration’s Socio-Cultural Impact on Wales in the Aftermath of 2004 – Preliminary Findings from Western Wales: An Aberystwyth Case Study

Abstract

This papers looks at the societal and cultural impact of the post-2004 Polish migration to Wales. The history of Polish migration to the UK is introduced together with the relevant statistics and their rationale behind choosing cosmopolitan Wales as their new country of residence. Even though the focus of the paper is rather on the UK as a whole, it is Wales that is central to the investigation. Wales was particularly neglected in the study of migration in the aftermath of the 2004 European Union (EU) enlargement and surprisingly little attention was given to it. Focusing on Polish diaspora is important as it is the most numerous external migration wave to Wales (ONS 2011). The case study of Aberystwyth is introduced as a good example of a semi-urban area to which Poles migrated after 2004. Moreover, the paper elaborates on the characteristics of the Polish newcomers by analysing their distinctive features, migration patterns as well as adaptation processes. Mutual relations between post-1945 and post-2004 immigration waves are investigated, together with Poles’ own image and perception. This paper gives a deeper understanding and provides an insight into the nature of the Polish migrants’ impact on the cultural and societal life of Wales.

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