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Food supply (Orthoptera, Mantodea, Rodentia and Eulipotyphla) and food preferences of the red-footed falcon (Falco vespertinus) in Slovakia

and scale insects. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 47(2–4): 291–302. Morosinotto C, Villers A, Thomson RL, Varjonen R & Korpimäki E 2017: Competitors and predators alter settlement patterns and reproductive success of an intraguild prey. Ecological Monographs 87(1): 4–20. DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1238. Neu CW, Byers C R & Peek JM 1974: A technique for the analysis of utilization-availabiiity data. Journal of Wildlife Management 38: 541–545. Ontiveros D & Pleguezuelos JM 2000: Influence of prey densities in the distribution and breeding success of

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First record of a larva of the dipteran genus Aphrosylus Haliday, 1851 (Dolichopodidae) from the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea

. North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam – Oxford. D’A ssis F onseca E.C.M. 1978. Handbooks for the identification of British insects, Volume 9 part 5: Diptera, Orthorrhapha, Brachycera, Dolichopodidae. Royal Entomological Society of London, London. D yte C.E. 1959. Some interesting habitats of larval Dolichopodidae (Diptera). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 95 : 139–143. D yte C.E. 1967. Some distinctions between the larvae and pupae of the Empididae and Dolichopodidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society, London (A

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Herbal Medicine Additives as Powerful Agents to Control and Prevent Avian Influenza Virus in Poultry – A Review

., Zhang J.F., Zhang L., Wang T. (2013). The effect of dietary supplementation with the natural carotenoids curcumin and lutein on broiler pigmentation and immunity. J. Poultry Sci., 92: 1177–1185. Rajput Z.I., Xiao C., Hu S., Arijo A.G., Soomro N.M. (2007). Improvement of the efficacy of influenza vaccination (H5N1) in chicken by using extract of Cochinchina momordica seed (ECMS). J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci., 8: 331–337. Rodrigo N., Martins da S. (2012). An overview on avian influenza. Braz. J. Poultry Sci., 14: 2. Rostami H., Seidavi A., Dadashbeiki M

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Effects of Some Cover Crops on Light Extinction and Weed Coverage in Sunflower Field

.C., da Costa L.M., 2001 - Modifications in the population of spontaneous plants in the presence of green manure. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 36: 1355-1362. Gallagher R.S., Fernandes E.C.M., McCallie E.L., 1999 - Weed management through short-term improved fallows in tropical agroecosystems. Agrofor. Syst, 47:197-221. Grimmer O.P., Masiunas J.B., 2004 - Evaluation of winter-killed cover crops preceding snap pea. Hort. Technology, 14: 349-355. Hartmann K.M., Nezadal W., 1990 - Photocontrol of weeds without herbicides. Naturwissenschaften, 77(4): 158

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The important role of matrix metalloproteinases in nematode parasites

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) represent a large family of over twenty different secreted or membrane-bound endopeptidases, involved in many physiological (embryogenesis, precursor or stem cell mobilization, tissue remodeling during wound healing, etc.), as well as pathological (inflammation, tumor progression and metastasis in cancer, vascular pathology, etc.) conditions. For a long time, MMPs were considered only for the ability to degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules (e.g., collagen, laminin, fibronectin) and to release hidden epitopes from the ECM. However, expressions of many MMPs have been associated with several pathological conditions. It has been established that the MMPs are conserved throughout the animal kingdom and studies of invertebrate have demonstrated that primarily they are involved in various developing functions in hydra, Drosophila, sea urchin and nematodes. The syntheses of these proteolytic enzymes and their release as excretory and secretory products have been reported in various parasitic nematodes. Host invasion and tissue migration of several nematodes have been linked to the expression and release of parasite-derived proteases. Studies with enzyme inhibitors suggest that the enzyme may be a metalloproteinase. Moreover, substrate impregnated zymographic analysis of extracts and excretory and secretory products of different nematode parasites have revealed the multiple enzyme activities of MMPs with various molecular weights. More research on MMP degradome in nematode parasites can provide valuable information for intense evaluation of pathogenesis caused by these parasites.

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Effect of Protein Concentrate Supplement on the Qualitative and Quantitative Parameters of Milk from Dairy Cows in Organic Farming

Abstract

In our experiment, we studied the effects of protein concentrate addition on the qualitative and quantitative composition of milk in organically farmed dairy cows. A total number of 40 Holstein cows were divided into two groups. Live weight of dairy cows was around 625±25 kg. Average production efficiency of animals was 7600±50 kg milk for the lactation period. Animals of both groups received identical basal feed ration. The first experimental group of cows (n=20) received in the feed ration a protein concentrate from organic production (soybean cake 60%, sunflower cake 20%, linseed cake 20%) at 1 kg per head and day. The second group served as a control (n=20) without the addition of protein concentrate. The experiment lasted 30 days. The goal of the experiment was to investigate whether the addition of protein concentrate can affect individual milk components. The measured values show that the experimental group of dairy cows with the addition of protein concentrate exhibited increases in fat content by 7.4% (P≤0.05), in urea content by 83.1% (P≤0.001) and in citric acid content by 18.6% (P≤0.01), and decreases in free fatty acids by 54.9% (P≤0.001), in ECM by 5.5% (P≤0.05) and in FCM by 6.1% (P≤0.05). The control group of cows exhibited the citric acid content in milk increased by 20.0% (P≤0.05). The results indicate that the protein concentrate composed of soybean, sunflower and linseed cakes can affect the composition of milk from organically farmed dairy cows

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Analysis of Lifetime Performance and Culling Reasons in Black-and-White Holstein-Friesian Cows Compared with Crossbreds

M., Neja W., Krężel-Czopek S. (2017). Effect of temperament on performance of primiparous dairy cows. Ann. Anim. Sci., 17: 863–872. Schaeffer L.R., Burnside E.B., Glover P., Fatehi J. (2011). Crossbreeding results in Canadian dairy cattle for production, reproduction and conformation. Open Agric., 5: 63–72. Sjaunja L.O., Baevre L., Junkkarinen L., Pedersen J., Setala J. (1990). A Nordic proposal for an energy corrected milk (ECM) formula. Proc. of the 27th Biennial Session of the International Committee for Animal Recording (ICAR), Paris, France, pp

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Identifying Biomarkers of Autophagy and Apoptosis in Transfected Nuclear Donor Cells and Transgenic Cloned Pig Embryos

.C., Vitale I., Zischka H., Castedo M., Zitvogel L., Kro-emer G. (2007). Cell death modalities: classification and pathophysiological implications. Cell Death Differ., 14: 1237–1243. Galoian K., Temple H.T., Galoyan A. (2012). mTORC1 inhibition and ECM-cell adhesion-independent drug resistance via PI3K-AKT and PI3K-RAS-MAPK feedback loops. Tumour Biol., 33: 885–890. Gómez M.C., Pope C.E. (2015). Cloning endangered felids by interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer. Methods Mol. Biol., 1330: 133–152. Himaki T., Yokomine T.A., Sato M., Takao S., Miyoshi K

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