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Case Study in Interdisciplinary Scientific Communication: A Decade of the INDECS Journal

Abstract

Background: Interdisciplinary scientific areas regularly develop unique methodologies, yet utilise the conventional communication modes to disseminate results of their researches.

Objectives: This paper analyses whether a novel, interdisciplinary communication mode can be found in a gradually developing interdisciplinary journal.

Methods/Approach: The content of the journal was categorised based on the characteristics attributed to the published papers. Statistical tests were performed to check for the overlapping categories.

Results: A number of indicators, related to papers or to their authors, are introduced and quantified.

Conclusions: Methodology utilised and data collected serve, on the one hand, as a referent set for treating the content of other interdisciplinary or disciplinary scientific journals, and, on the other hand, as a set for comparison and extraction of universalities or specificities of the journals. Fluctuations accompanying a gradual rise of the considered journal content prevent a definite answer to the question whether there are some emerging interdisciplinary communication novelties.

Open access
Communication, a Premise of Efficiency and Effectiveness in Current Society

Abstract

Nowadays the concerns for communication analysis are highlighting its complexity. If for the regular people, communication means essentially to transmit information mostly using words, for the communication science specialists, it got a different meaning. Regardless of the meaning given to the term, everything gravitates around information and managing the interest. These two terms define the content of communication. The reasons, purposes, meanings are mostly different, depending on the actors involved in the message exchange. In order to not wander in this definitions universe, we will note only one: “Broadly, communication is the process of issuing a message and send it in a coded manner with the help of a communication channel to a recipient for reception” [Burcin, Octavian, 2009].

This definition was chosen, starting from the fact that all definitions for communication have at least a series of mutual elements, from which we note: communication is the process of transmitting information, ideas, opinions, reviews, either from one individual to another, or from a group to another; communication is an attribute of the human being; no kind of activities, from the common daily activities to the complex activities developed at collectivities level, cannot be conceived outside the communication process.

Open access
The impact of the level of market competition intensity on enterprises activities in area of intellectual capital

Summary

Market activity for today’s enterprises means continuing work to better understand the needs of their customers to provide them higher level of satisfaction. Building market advantages using a traditional approach based on material resources becoming less and less likely to increase competitiveness over the long term. The ability to use intangible assets, often more difficult to identify and manage, is becoming a key issue. Proper management of intangible assets can provide the company with unique market advantages that are unique, durable, and difficult to imitate. This study attempts to characterize selected dependencies between the nature of the actions undertaken by enterprises in relation to intellectual capital in the context of the strength of the level of competition in the market.

Open access
Strategic Synergies and Perspectives of Their Evaluation In the Process of Strategic Analysis

Abstract

Although the subject of synergy has been explored for a long time, there are many indications that it is still gaining in importance, in the field of economics. The phenomenon of synergy seems particularly important in the field of M&A’s, alliances and the development of new organizational forms of enterprises. Synergy effects are most often evaluated from the operational and very rarely in the strategic, structural perspectives. The aim of the article is to identify and systematize the most important perspectives for synergy effect evaluation in the process of strategic analysis. The identified perspectives will be the starting point of the further research on criteria selection for synergy effects evaluation and will be one of the components of a more complex framework of the process of resource analysis. The research was conceptual, based on a literature review in the fields of methodology of strategic analysis, strategic management and Resource-Based View (RBV) approach. The identification of the structural conditions for synergy effect evaluation, requires focusing on: the subjective scope of the synergy effect analysis, key areas of strategy content and context, with the important role of strategic resources.

Open access
Analysis of selected elements of knowledge management in the context of the size of the enterprise and the specifics of its activity

Summary

Proper, effective knowledge management is possible only through the implementation of mechanisms and systems tailored to the specifics of the company’s operations and the nature and quantity of its resources. Drawing from the experience of others is advisable, however, to some extent difficult due to the specific uniqueness of many elements of knowledge management in enterprises resulting, for example, from the size of the organization. The study attempts to identify characteristic features of the solutions used in Poland, depending on the size of the enterprise and the nature of its activities. The survey used a questionnaire, which was addressed to the representatives of the top management of 105 enterprises. Based on the obtained results, the characteristics of the identified phenomena and trends were characterized and the limitations of the conducted study were indicated.

Open access
Employees’ Perceptions on Effective Communication Channels – A Case Study From Albanian Banking Sector

Abstract

Research purpose. This paper aims at identifying and evaluating the means of communication used and the perceived barriers from employees of the banking system in Albania. The following research questions were formulated: (a) What are the means of communication used in vertical and horizontal communications? (b) Which mean is preferred and valued as the most effective? (c) Which are the barriers that hinder the effective communication flow in these organizations?

Design/Methodology/Approach. A structured questionnaire was addressed to 120 employees of 3 different commercial banks in Tirana, Albania, out of which 100 fully answered questionnaires were received. The questionnaire is divided into three main parts, each of which has two subcategories, and the valuation used for each question is according to the Likert scale from 1 (very few) to 5 (a lot).

Findings. E-mail is the most used communication tool vertically, whereas phone and e-mail are added at the horizontal one. Employee preferences are mostly for e-mail and face-to-face communication vertically and phone and e-mail horizontally. Time pressure and overload of information are perceived as main barriers vertically, whereas distractions are mentioned as biggest hindrance horizontally.

Originality/Value/Practical implications. We suggest that the managers of organizations in the banking sector should properly consider these two communication tools and create suitable conditions for their use. The employees themselves use more of those tools as, according to their perception during communication with colleagues, those tools improve their effectiveness. Other similar studies might be conducted in different types of organizations to point out similarities and contrasts with banking sector.

Open access
Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Predictability under Uncertain Economic Conditions

Abstract

Modern central banks increasingly value monetary policy transparency, and attempt to build credibility by communicating their decisions to the public. This paper studies whether the communication of central banks can be used to explain upcoming changes in their most important monetary policy instrument, the short-term refinancing rate, and whether the public can trust central bank communication during times of financial crisis.

This is done by constructing an indicator to measure the predictability of monetary policy by calculating the median of the policy makers’ official comments. The performance of this indicator is studied with ordered probit methods. The results show that predictability was reached relatively well at central bank level during the financial crisis despite the rapid growth of economic uncertainty, and that communication can be a useful tool for central banks during uncertain times.

Open access
Transformations in Ukrainian Culture of Learning

Abstract

Objective: Since more diverse audiences attend universities, nowadays, more advanced educational approaches are required. The current study explores the role of culture of learning transformations in facing this challenge. We employ the notion of ‘cultures of learning’ to draw attention to the socio-cultural, sustainable and competence-oriented aspects of key educational practices. We are focusing on advances in students’ learning-culture, which are implemented at the university: interdisciplinary, transformative sustainability learning and experiential learning.

Methodology: The paper considers practical issues related to the educational approaches, their benefits and limitations.

Findings: The results of the observations indicated that students’ learning culture was highly affected by educational approaches.

Value Added: We highlight that mutual relations exist between learning-culture and teaching-culture and exactly the student-teacher dialogue should be changed to transform traditional learning in higher education.

Recommendations: Interdisciplinarity and creativity can serve as the key factors in establishing a productive educational cycle that fosters a learning-culture based on students’ needs and values consideration.

Open access
The consumer explained from the perspective of the extended self

Abstract

Although the extended self is a relatively new concept, over the years it has developed rapidly, being the subject of study of several marketing researches. Our possessions contribute to reflecting our identity, so it is very important to look at how people expand their self in relation to others and how possessions become part of themselves. We can not hope to understand the behavior of consumers without first gaining a certain understanding of the attention they give to their possessions. The main findings until now show that certain objects accelerate the interest of the consumer for the actual consumption, because the consumption helps define people about what they are. Our aim is to deepen this idea through a survey.

Open access
Modern Tendencies in Foreign Language Teaching

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the article is to study current trends in the field of language policy.

Methodology: Analysis of normative documents concerning the teaching of foreign languages in the European Union

Findings: The main trends of language policy are life-long learning, students’ mobility, multilingualism, using English as lingua franca, the use of information and communication technologies for the formation of foreign language competence.

Value Added: Analysis of the current trends in the development of foreign language competence in higher education.

Recommendations: The study of world trends in the training of specialists in general and language policy in particular.

Open access