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Electromobility and Hydrogenization of the Motor Transport in Poland Now and in the Future

References [1] 1.2 Billion Vehicles on World’s Road Now, 2 Billion by 2035: Report, Green Car Reports http://www.greencarreports.com/news/1093560-1-2-billion-vehicles , 2016. [2] ACEA(2018) Registration Figures. http://www.acea.be/statistics/tag/category/registrations-and-press-release-calendar Accessed 23 June 2018. [3] China – Flash report, Sales Volume, 2017 www.marklines.com/en/statistics/flash_sales_salesfig_china , 2017. [4] Comparative studies exhaust emissions of the Euro VI buses with diesel engine and spark-ignition engine

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Operational Problems of Ethylene Transport by LPG Gas Carriers

Abstract

Ethylene is one of the basic raw materials of the petrochemical industry used for the production of plastics, mainly plastic packaging. The USA is the largest producer of this compound. The enormous increase in demand for Ethylene has been observed in recent years in China as well as in the Middle and Far East. This caused an unprecedented increase in the demand for transport of this cargo by sea. Ethylene carriers for its transport are special construction LPG vessels, having a cascade cycle with Propylene medium (less often the refrigerant R 404 A). They have been designed in such a way as to withstand a working pressure of up to 5.4 bar, and the minimum temperature of the transported load is minus 104°C for fully cooled Ethylene. This cargo is explosive in the mixture with air (within concentrations of 2.75-2.6%) and during heating under elevation pressure. Therefore, it is required to transport Ethylene in with an inert gas, most often Nitrogen. During the operation of LPG carriers carrying Ethylene, processes of aeration, inerting, gassing-up, cooling tanks and a cargo are repeatedly carried out. The most problematic to carry is gassing-up operation, because it is associated with significant amounts of Ethylene loss, this causes large financial losses. In the article, the authors attempted to diagnose the most serious problems during carrying out the most important for cargo loss the cargo handling operations.

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Hydrogenization of Road Transport on the Example of Sweden, Poland and Japan

Abstract

The article analyses the activities within the EU and national (Sweden, Poland) concerning the introduction of hydrogen fuel in road transport. The advantages and disadvantages of this drive were addressed. A directional program of hydrogen propulsion technology motion was presented on the example of Sweden and Poland. The most recent activities in Sweden regard the so-called Nordic Hydrogen Corridor European Project. The location of basic hydrogen refuelling stations in Poland until 2030 was proposed (HIT-2-Corridors European Project). These stations should be located in both TEN-T corridors running through Poland, i.e. in 1 – Poznan, 2 – Warsaw, 3 – Bialystok, 4 – Szczecin, 5 – the Lodz region, 6 – the Tri-City region, 7 – Wroclaw, 8 – the Katowice region, 9 – Krakow, to ensure the possibility of passing vehicles equipped with fuel cells (FCEV – Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle) among others between Western Europe and Scandinavia. For comparison, the article discusses FCEV development and initial hydrogen market creation in Japan. In the article is presented reasons for hydrogen society in Japan. The reasons are as follows: hydrogen is CO2 free; hydrogen can be produced from various sources, energy security – local production and consumption of energy, energy security – compensating for fluctuations in renewable energy production. In the article is presented Hydrogen/FCEV strategy Roadmap in Japan in context Hydrogen/FCEV Roadmap in China.

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Advanced Communication System: for the Survey of Rail Tracks to Improve Safety of Rail Transportation

. [7] Gajanr, R., et al., Solar Powered Rail Track Monitoring System , IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy (ICPRE), pp. 190-194, China 2016. [8] Claudi, S., Regazzoni, C. S., A Distributed Surveillance System for Detection of Abandoned Objects in Unmanned Railway Environments , IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 49, No. 5, pp. 2013-2023, 2000.

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Calculation Reliability of Natural Vibrations of Ship Hull and Superstructure

. [8] Todd, F. H., Ship hull vibration . London, Edward Arnold Ltd, 1961. [9] Okada, Y., Shipbuilding design handbook , The Kansai Society of Naval Architects, Tokyo 1983. [10] Yumei, Y., Hongyu, C., Deyou, Z., Ming, H., Predicting method of natural frequency for ship's overall vertical vibration , Shipbuilding, Vol. 65, No. 3, 2014. [11] Zhao, D. Y., Calculation method of natural frequency for ship’s overall vibration , China Biaozhun Publishing House, Beijing 1993.

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Cooling of Exhaust Gases as a Possibility to increase Stealth Properties of Military Helicopters

flights, Part 1, Identification of membranneless exhaust gas cooler interaction with the helicopter turbine engine, IBTL Reports 194-195, Warsaw 2008. [6] Paszko, M., Analysis of the influence of swirls in ejective helicopter cooler on the process of cooling of exhaust gases emitting into the atmosphere , Master Thesis at Lublin University of Technology, Lublin 2015. [7] Pan, C., Zhang, J., Shan, Y., Progress in helicopter infrared signature suppression Chinese Journal of Aeronautics , 27(2): 189-199, 2014. [8] PZL-10W Engine, Technical

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Automatic Taxi Directional Control System for General Aviation Aircraft

alternative paradigm for control system design , Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Vol. 5, pp. 4578-4585, 2001. [15] Qing, Z., Zhiqiang, G., On practical applications of active disturbance rejection control , in Proceedings of the 29th Chinese Control Conference, pp. 6095-6100, 2010. [16] Gao, Z., Active disturbance rejection control: a paradigm shift in feedback control system design , in 2006 American Control Conference, pp. 7, 2006. [17] Herbst, G., A simulative study on Active Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC) as a

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Thermal Barrier Concepts Against Continuous Laser Irradiation

] Domański, R., Nowe materiały konstrukcyjne o podwyższonej przewodności cieplnej , Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw 2013. [6] Domański, R., Project TERMET – New structural materials with improved thermal conductivity , in: Benzakein, M., Osypowicz, G., Wiśniowski, W. (eds.), J. Polish-American Sci. Technol., 7th ed., Warsaw 2013. [7] Fortescue, P., Swinerd, G., Stark, J., Spacecraft systems engineering , John Wiley & Sons, 2011. [8] Gao, M., Zheng, Y., Wang, Z., Development of space-based laser weapon system , Chinese Opt., 6, 2013. [9

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Car Tyres with Reduced Energy Consumption

Vibration (ICSV21), Beijing, China, 13-17 July 2014. [4] Ejsmont, J., Taryma, S., Ronowski, G., Świeczko-Żurek, B., Influence of load and inflation pressure on the tyre rolling resistance , International Journal of Automotive Technology, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 237-244, 2016. [5] Futamura, S., Goldstein, A. A., Prediction and simulation of tire performance characteristics based on deformation index concept , Rubber Chemistry and Technology, Vol. 89, No. 1, 1-21, 2016. [6] Hein, H. R., Akutagawa, K., Heguri, H., Yamagishi, N., Reifen Ecopia mit niedrigem

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Numerical Prediction of GTD-350 Turboshaft Engine Combustor Deterioration

Unit Cost , Master Thesis, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2012. [4] Kozik, P., Sęp, J., Aircraft Engine overhaul demand frecasting unsin ANN , Management and Production Engineering Review, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 21-26, 2012. [5] Liu, D., Zhang, H., Polycarpou, M., Alippi, C., He, H., Elman-Style Process Neural Network with Application to Aircraft Engine Health Condition Monitoring, Advances in Neural Networks , Prodceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Guilin, China 2011. [6] Soumitra, P., Kapoor, K., Jasani, D., Dudhwewala, R

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