users on social media ( Robertson et al., 2013 ; Sandoval-Almazan & Ramon Gil-Garcia, 2014 ; Tobias, 2011 ), social media adoption (Bonsón, Royo, & Ratkai, 2015; Mergel, 2013a , b; Nah & Saxton, 2013 ), and different types of individual government messages send via social media ( Bonsón et al., 2015 ; Lev-On & Steinfeld, 2015 ; Zavattaro, French, & Mohanty, 2015 ).
In this way, we attempt to remedy the lack of study regarding social media use in the public sector, especially in emerging economies such as China. In China, with the rapid advancement in Wi-Fi and
in July 2018, more than 66.7% of consumers globally had the experience of watching live streaming ( Laura Goldberg, 2018 ). China Internet Information Center (CNNIC) estimates that there are 425 million live streaming users by June 2018, representing 53.0% of all internet users ( CNNIC, 2018 ). According to a 2018 report of Research and Markets, global live streaming revenue is projected to rise from USD 30.29 billion in 2016 to USD 124.57 billion by 2025 ( Research and Markets, 2018 ). The revenue from live streaming in China reached RMB 30.45 billion in 2017
platforms such as weibo.com in China have shown increasing vigorous vitality. They have the obvious advantages that everyone can participate in the information exchange with low cost of producing information, convenient information exchange, and strong interactive functions. Thus, various types of institutions and individuals use microblogging as new information publishing platforms to enhance their communication power and influence. It is found that the results of Internet-based surveillance systems are generally consistent with the results from traditional monitoring
considered difficult to classify, even for a supervised classifier ( Phan et al., 2008 ). We perform the preprocessing by following steps used in ( Li et al. 2016a ).
Baidu question answer (BaiduQA) is a collection of 648,514 questions crawled from a popular Chinese question and answer (Q&A) website http://zhidao.baidu.com . . This collection has been previously used in the related works about short text topic modeling ( Yan et al., 2013 ; Cheng et al., 2014 ; Li et al., 2016a ). Based on the annotation made by its asker, each question belongs to one of 35 categories
Yukun Zheng, Yiqun Liu, Zhen Fan, Cheng Luo, Qingyao Ai, Min Zhang and Shaoping Ma
, Pietra, & Lai, 1992 ), which is not applicable for Chinese data. Instead of this, Pang et al. (2017b) suggested using word embedding in Chinese IR tasks. Thus, we changed the text representation of the distributed submodule in Duet from n-gram to word embedding, which densifies the representation matrixes in the network and reduces the calculation overhead.
We collected three kinds of labeled data for training in our experiments: click , BM25 and human-assessed data. The human-assessed data are labeled on a five-point scale with
I have experienced increased interest in the evaluation of the SSH in China since then, not only by the invitation to hold the Luojia Lecture in Wuhan but also at meetings and conferences organized by, e.g., The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Evaluation Studies (CASSES) and the Beijing and Chengdu branches of the National Science Library of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The School of Information Management at Wuhan University has recently initiated a PhD project supervised by professor Lin Zhang with the aim of studying the publication patterns and
restrictions of time and space, various SNSs such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, have become an indispensable part of many individuals’ daily lives throughout the world. According to the 2015 Chinese Social Media Users’ Usage Behaviors Report issued by the CNNIC (China Internet Network Information Center) in April 2016, the coverage rate of the most popular SNS was 90.7% among Chinese netizens in 2015, and the rate is still increasing.
SNS allows users to intentionally and voluntarily disclose and share information about themselves, their opinions, and activities to
data using a questionnaire survey. This survey was conducted in China. With a list provided by government agencies administering major industrial parks, we randomly selected 1,000 firms that had run their supply chains with IT applications. We further identified senior executives from each firm as data sources ( Flynn et al. 2010 ; Liu et al. 2010 ; Paulraj et al. 2008 ). After the questionnaires had been sent out for two weeks, we made follow-up phone calls to encourage response. Finally, we received 258 useful questionnaires, with a response rate of 25.8%. To
northwest China. Due to its strategic location, Dunhuang was an important hub on the “Silk Road” from about 300 A.D. to 1300 A.D. As it is located at the junction of the northern and southern Silk Roads, it was also one of the pivotal gateways between China and other parts of the world for nearly 1000 years. Embracing cultural and religious influences, a unique cultural heritage emerged mainly in the Buddhist community in ancient Dunhuang. Dunhuang is geographically proximate to Mogao Cave, a site inscribed on the World Heritage List since 1987, where hundreds of stone