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A Folklorist in the Soviet Spotlight

Abstract

The article seeks to illuminate the ideologically motivated circumstances of Latvian folklore studies during the period of unconditional Soviet totalitarianism. With the strengthening of the Soviet occupation regime in Latvia in the late 1940s, many interwar folklorists became victims of ideologically motivated disdain and subsequent career limitation. ‘Bourgeois’ scholarship and the methods applied in folklore studies during the interwar period were denounced and recognised as harmful to the new Soviet order. The central part of the article presents a case study of one individual folklorist of the time, Anna Bērzkalne (1891–1956). Both increasing criticism of Bērzkalne’s folklore research approach (the historical–geographical method) and her efforts to accommodate the requirements of the Soviet regime have been analysed.

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The Goldfish and Little Red Riding Hood: Characters and their Combinations in Fairy Tale Jokes and Parodies

. 1998. Jokes and Their Relation to the Society. Humor Research 4. Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Dégh, Linda and Andrew Vazsonyi. 1979. Magic for Sale: Märchen and Legend in TV Advertising. – Fabula 20: 47–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fabl.1979.20.1.47 . Dégh, Linda. 1989. Beauty, Wealth, and Power: Career Choices for Women in Folktales, Fairy Tales, and Modern Media. – Fabula 30: 43–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fabl.1989.30.1.43 . Deszcz, Justyna. 2002. Beyond the Disney Spell, or Escape into Pantoland. – Folklore 113 (1): 83

Open access
Sensing Athletes: Sensory Dimensions of Recreational Endurance Sports

Abstract

Sport has become increasingly popular with recreational athletes over the last couple of decades. This has only gained minimal attention so far from scholars interested in the relations between recreational sports and everyday culture. With this paper, we seek to contribute to this field by scrutinising the sensory dimensions of recreational sport. Rather than probing into or highlighting isolated senses, we look at sensory dimensions understood as a combination of different, non-separable sensory experiences featured in recreational endurance sports. We are interested in how the senses play a role for recreational endurance athletes in running, triathlon and cycling both in training and competition. We start by examining how cultural and social dimensions are inextricably linked to doing sports. Secondly, we show how different configurations of the senses and their communicative mediation are contingent on sport disciplines, specific settings, technology, development and change as sensory careers over time. Thirdly, we discuss the kinaesthetic dimensions of doing sports in relation to the senses and the role of atmospheres. We conclude by arguing that highlighting specific senses by athletes is a cultural practice that calls for a holistic analysis of senses in sport, and outline some methodological implications for research on the senses.

Open access