out of the protocol, but they did. Let’s fix it and go play cards. And you would have four directors of four big companies sitting in the meeting room and playing cards for small coins and drinking wine (Head of the Project Manager’s Office in Metallurgy <ID066>).
Therefore, in this sense, socialism was successful. It was however a consequence of wage levelling rather than the question of ideals. Nevertheless, even with regard to workplace relationships, the system was not perfect. The influence of the Communist Party and the possibility of career advancement
the dimensions and the reasoning applied in the coding of positions. Still there is obviously always a degree of subjectivity in any assessment of ideology. To limit the subjective bias and prevalence of a particular viewpoint, the research team is intentionally mixed in terms of professional backgrounds and career paths (including lawyers, political scientists and economists with experience from academia, public institutions and the private sector).
Each decision is coded independently by at least two members of the research team. When their assessments differ
The criminal responsibility and the system of sanctioning juvenile offenders is one of fundamental criminal law issues. Individuals who start a criminal career early on are usually not easy to reintegrate into normal life. That is one reason why it is necessary to discuss the problem of juvenile justice in depth. The legal literature in the Czech Republic is devoted to this topic on a large scale, however Hungarian legislation has not yet been analysed fo purposes of comparation. The Czech Republic and Hungary fall under the United Nations categorization to Eastern Europe and therefore certain similar features can be assumed. On the other hand any identified differences may be the basis for future changes of the legislation.
This paper presents the results of an empirical study designed to map German language proficiency among students at Czech universities of business and management. The results of this empirical survey can be summarised as follows. First, the ability of students at Czech universities of business and management to communicate in German is poor, and exceeds the general German language proficiency of the Czech population only to an insignificant extent. Second, the school environment (the opportunity to learn the language, compulsory subject, language study motivation) has a decisive influence on the respondents’ ability to communicate in German. Third, nearly three-quarters of the respondents perceive German as a language that is very or rather important for their profession and career growth. Fourth, almost two-thirds of the respondents consider the role played by a university of business and management in the improvement of German language proficiency rather or very important. In conclusion, the study proposes directions for the potential development of the national educational system in the area of German language proficiency of university graduates in business and management in the Czech Republic, with an emphasis on the concept of content and language integrated learning (CLIL). We believe that the survey results are also very important from the point of view of enterprises operating in the Czech Republic because of the very close economic relations between the Czech Republic and German-speaking countries.
Salt, J. (1984). High Level Manpower Movements in Northwest Europe and the Role of Careers: An Ecplanatory Framework. International Migration Review, 17(4), 633-652.
Salt, J. (1992). The future of International Labor Migration. International Migration Review, 26(4), 1077-1111.
Semyonov, M., Gorodzeisky, A. (2005). Labor Migration, Remittances and Household Income: A Comparison between Filipino and Filipina Overseas Workers. International Migration Review, 39(1), 45-68.