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The Perception of Job-related Motivators When Choosing a Career in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry – A Comparative Study Between Polish and Spanish Students

), pp. 436–447. Atilgan, E., Akinci, S., Aksoy S. (2003), Mapping service quality in the tourism industry. Managing Service Quality: An International Journal , Vol. 13 (5), pp. 412–422. Barron, P., Maxwell, G., Broadbridge, A., Ogden, S. (2007), Careers in hospitality management: Generation Y’s experiences and perceptions. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Vol. 14 (2), pp. 119–128. Charakterystyka przyjazdów cudzoziemców do Polski w 2014 roku (2015), Departament Turystyki, Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, available at: http

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The Efficacy of Counseling in Eradicating the Problems of Entreprenuership Education

Puerto Rico: A Comparative Study. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, US. 5: 3-8. International Labour Organisation (ILO, 2009). “Youth entrepreneurship”, Geneva. Jarvis, P (2011). Career Guidance Challenges and Opportunities (Retrieved 7/11/2011). Lunenburg, A. (2010) - The Entrepreneurial Development System: Transforming Business Klapper, R. (2014). Government goals and entrepreneurship education: An investigation at Grand Ecole in France. Education & Training 46(3), 127-137 Mbaane, B.U.(2016). Business education and

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Changes in Education Funding in Hungary

Abstract

Our study examines some of the key aspects of education funding in Hungary. The theme of this publication is a current issue because the financing of Hungarian education has been dramatically changed from October 2013 on. Enrolment-based funding has been replaced by the average salary-based normative support, and the new “teacher career model” has been introduced. The study demonstrates the changes in financing using a model school, the calculations being based on the Budget Act of each year. We look at the trends of the previous system of financing, analysing the data from 2003 to 2012. We can compare the new, average salary-based funding with the normative support in 2012. By comparing the two types of funding, we attempt to find out whether the changes in Hungarian public education represent an opportunity for true transformation or they will remain a mere alteration in the calculation method of funding.

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Active Ageing –The EU’s Response To The Demographic Challenge

://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/ publications/publication562_en.pdf Jovanović M. N. (2005), The Economics of European Integration. Limits and Prospects , E. Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA, p. 771 Kołodziejczyk-Olczak I. (2010), Career 50+. Raport z badania, w ramach projektu Career Plan 50+ (Research report, within the framework of the Career Plan 50+ Project, March 2010 Adults mentoring: Comparative analysis - Bulgaria, Poland, Slovenia and the UK, 2008, www.adults-mentoring.eu EU wants to steer innovation on Active and Healthy Ageing; http

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Youth Labour Flows and Unemployment in Great Recession: Comparing Spain and the Czech Republic

. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labour. GOMES, P. (2009). Labour Market Flows: Facts from the United Kingdom. WP No. 367. London: Bank of England. ILO (2013). Global Employment Trends for Youth 2013. A Generation at Risk. Geneva: International Labour Office. MCGUINNESS, S., WOODEN, M. (2009). Overskiling, job insecurity and career mobility. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy & Society, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 265-86. SILVERSTONE, B., BELL, W. (2010). Labour Market Flows in New Zealand: Some

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Specificity Of Long-Term Unemployment Risk Among Creative Economy Workers / Specyfika Ryzyka Długookresowego Bezrobocia Wśród Pracowników Ekonomii Kreatywnej

. Comunian R., Faggian A., Jewell, S. (2011), Winning and losing in the creative industries: an analysis of creative graduates’ career opportunities across creative disciplines, ʻCultural Trendsʼ, 20:3-4, DOI: 10.1080/09548963.2011.589710. Di Domenico G., Gasparini C. (2008), National Approaches to the Long-Term Unemployment as a Target Addressed by Public Employment Services: General Framework, Case Studies and Significant European Experiences [in:] Di Domenico, G, Spattini, S. (eds.), New European Approaches to Long-Term Unemployment. What Role for Public

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Venture Capital in Japan: A Financial Instrument Supporting the Innovativeness of the Japanese Economy

Venture Capital in Japan: A Financial Instrument Supporting the Innovativeness of the Japanese Economy

Venture capital (literally "high-risk capital") is designated for the financing of small companies that by themselves lack sufficient resources, but whose activities indicate potentially high profits in the future. It can play a special role in the development of the technologically advanced industries as well as in the growth of entrepreneurship understood as a readiness to establish new companies ("start-ups").

Two factors: First, the relatively small number of new companies as well as the number of companies subject to liquidation over the year ("firm turnover") in Japan, and second, the insignificant prestige associated with the profession of entrepreneur do not foster growth in the dynamics of this form of financing ventures. The cited indicator for Japan in among the lowest in comparison with other highly developed countries1, while the profession of entrepreneur is not the foremost dream of college graduates. They would much rather prefer realizing their professional careers as members of the government bureaucracy or employees of a major corporation2. However, this mindset is slowly changing, if for no other reason then, in spite of popular conviction, because most small companies are not established during periods of prosperity, but near the end of the downward phase of the economic cycle. That is exactly the phase Japan has been dealing with for several years now. Young, creative people, recruited from the unemployed, are seeking self-employment, using all possible opportunities embedded in the "again starting up" machinery of the economy3.

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Gender Pay Gap - Application in the Specific Enterprise

References BEBLO, M., BENINGER, D., HEINZE, A., LAISNEY, F. (2003). Methodological Issues Related to the Analysis of Gender Gaps in Employment, Earnings and Career Prograssion. Project carried out for the European Commission Employment and Social Affairs DG. Mannheim: Centre for European Economic Research. ADAMCHIK, V. A., BEDI, A. S. (2001). Persistence of the Gender Pay Differential in a Transition Economy. ISS Working Paper No. 349. Hague: Institute of Social Studies. BECKER

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Support for Economic Activity of People Aged 50+ in Poland: The Best Solutions of the Government’s Programme Solidarity of Generations

References Act of April 20 th , 2004 on Promotion of Employment and Labour Market Institutions, Dziennik Ustaw of 2004 No. 99, item 1001 as amended Arnold J. (1997), Managing careers into the 21 century, Paul Chapman Publishing, London European Commission (2012a), Annex. Draft Joint Employment Report to the Communication from the Commission. Annual Growth Survey 2013, Brussels, 28.11.2012 COM(2012) 750 Final European Commission(2012b), Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2011, Bruksela Eurostat

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Supply Side Wage Determinants: Overview of Empirical Literature

. Labour Economics , 5 (3). Pp. 295-312. FLAP, H., BOXMAN, E. (2000). Getting started: The influence of social capital on the start of the occupational career. In Lin, N., Cook, K. S., Burt, R. S. (eds.), Social Capital: Theory and Research, New York: Aldine de Gruyter. FRENCH, M. T., ZARKIN, G. A. (1995). Is Moderate Alcohol Use Related to Wages? Evidence from Four Worksites. Journal of Health Economics , 14 (3). Pp. 319-344. GERHART, B. A. (1988). Gender Differences in Current and Starting Salaries: The Role of

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