citations for the same reason ( Shevlin & Davies, 1997 ). They collaborate more often because they are more likely to remain as the first author in collaborated papers ( Kadel & Walter, 2015 , Ong, Chan, Torgler & Yang, 2018 ).
Because authors who have early surname initials have better publication performance, it is natural to expect that they are more successful in their academic careers. Full professors who have early surname initials are more prevalent in top-ranked institutions ( Efthyvoulou, 2008 ). Moreover, faculty members who have early surname initials are
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Minghong Chen, Jingye Qu, Yuan Xu and Jiangping Chen
, relatively easy to apply, and with high efficiency. We tried to generate 20, 15, 10, 9, and 8 clusters, and each time the results were examined by 2 of the authors. The results with 8 clusters seem to be the most meaningful as showed in Table 7 . Here is our interpretation of the 8 clusters starting from Cluster 0.
K-Means Clustering Results of the NSF SCH Abstracts
Keywords in the cluster
Doctoral, forum, participant, expert, career, consortium, travel, chase informatics, engage, scientific, participation, peer
Maria Esteva, Ramona L. Walls, Andrew B. Magill, Weijia Xu, Ruizhu Huang, James Carson and Jawon Song
identity attributes was the main takeaway for the HT-ISH project curator.
Before the end of the project, we conducted a three-segment focus group with five early career biologists. In the first segment, we asked the researchers to draw their data workflows to verify that they would be able to customize a generic data model in IDS. Next, we demonstrated IDS identity functions corresponding to tasks 2, 3, 4, and 5. Task 6 was presented but not demonstrated. Finally, we conducted a semi-structured discussion to assess how well users grasped the utility of the data model
example, they both have a background of physics or network science and a strong interest in scientific productivity research. Dr. Barabási, for instance, did much research in how a scholar succeeds in his/her scientific career and how to measure their success ( Jeong, Neda, & Barabási, 2003 ). Some of his papers on the topic of the importance of scientific collaboration and social network ( Barabási et al., 2015 ) are cited by many informetric studies. Meanwhile, Dr. Hirsch created and improved the h-index ( Hirsch, 2005 , 2008) that considers authors’ productivity and