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Anatomic variations of coronary arteries: origins, branching patterns, and abnormalities

manuscript. Both authors approved the final version submitted for publication and take responsibility for statements made in the published article. Conflict of interest Conflict of interest statement. The authors have each completed and submitted an International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest. None of the authors disclose any conflict of interest. References [1] World Health Organization. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) [online]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017 May 17 [cited 2018

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Subclinical atherosclerosis in young Thai adults with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a relapsing and remitting course of multisystem inflammation. Although the overall mortality in SLE has decreased during recent decades because of improvement in SLE management and novel medications for SLE, the mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unchanged or is increasing [ 1 , 2 ]. Increased risk of myocardial infarction has been demonstrated in all age groups of study patients with SLE. This is particularly true in middle-aged women, with 50-fold

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Higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome among male employees of a gas refinery than in their counterparts in nonindustrial environments

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an important risk factor for CVD, is associated with a 2-fold increase in consequences of CVD and 1.5-fold increase in the total mortality [ 1 , 2 ]. The term MetS refers to a clustering of CVD risk factors including abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood glucose, high levels of blood triglycerides, and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol [ 3 ]. Work place and working conditions can affect an employee’s lifestyle

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Comparison of exercise treadmill test, flow mediated dilatation, and inflammation in individuals with low risk of adverse cardiovascular events

development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is well established [ 5 - 7 ]. However, little is known of its best and cost-effective assessment and clinical outcome for risk evaluation. Exercise treadmill testing (ETT) is performed routinely to identify high risk individuals. ETT helps clinicians by helping them to decide whether to refer patients for cardiac catheterization. However, ETT cannot predict angiographic findings or a poor prognosis with absolute certainty [ 8 ]. Beyond flow mediated dilatation (FMD) and ETT, there is a growing interest in the

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A possible alternative to multivariate models for cardiovascular risk estimates

The sex-specific estimation of 10-year cardiovascular risk in individuals without cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has commonly used the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), which was developed from a large, population-based prospective cohort in the US representing mainly the white population of European ancestry [ 1 , 2 ]. Other multivariate risk models, including a risk calculator released by the Joint British Societies (JBS) in 2014 [ 3 ], and later versions of Framingham risk model have been developed to predict coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease

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Building a healthy public policy and reorienting health services towards control of chronic diseases

More than 14 million people between the ages of 30 and 70 die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), 85% of which live in developing country [ 1 ]. Most people with NCD die from cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease [ 2 ]. Evidence from developed countries have indicated that cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has declined significantly since 1975 among men and particularly among women [ 3 ]. Capewell et al. estimate that nearly half of the decline in Auckland, New Zealand is

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Factors associated with mortality and high treatment expense of adult patients hospitalized with chronic kidney disease in Thailand

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health concern because of its prevalence and rising incidence, poor outcomes, and high treatment costs [ 1 - 3 ]. The prevalence of CKD in Thailand—both in the community and among outpatients—is high at between 4.6% and 17.5% [ 4 - 6 ]. Patients with CKD have an increased rate of hospitalization and a high respective risk for death [ 7 , 8 ]. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major comorbidities, causing high mortality and expense, as documented for western countries [ 7 - 9 ]. Because little information on the

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Aspirin responsiveness and 6-month clinical outcome observed in a cohort study of patients with unstable angina pectoris

with the conclusions of other large-scale clinical studies [ 30 ]. Compared with the studies of Chinese patients by Fan et al. [ 31 ] and Cao et al. [ 32 ], which demonstrated aspirin resistance found by LTA and TEG was associated with an increased risk of MACEs in elderly patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), the unique features of our study are the use of WBA and selection of patients with UAP. WBA is a more convenient methodology than LTA and TEG, although these traditional measurements have been used in many studies of platelet aggregation. The time

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