1. Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K., Morozov, S.V., Jiang, D., Zhang, Y., Dubonos, S.V., et al. (2004). Electric field effect in aAtomically thin carbon films. Sci 2004 :306, 666–9.
2. Batzill, M. (2012). The surface science of graphene: Metal interfaces, CVD synthesis, nanoribbons, chemical modifications, and defects. Surface Science Reports 2012 : 67, 83–33.
3. Singh, V., Joung, D., Zhai, L., Das, S., Khondaker, S.I., and Seal, S. (2011). Graphene based materials: Past, present and future. Progress in Materials Sci 2011 :56, 1178
At present, one of the major reasons of death in the world is cardiovascular disease (CVD), related to the epidemiological transition of unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking habits, diabetes mellitus and obesity [ 1 , 2 ]. Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias are two important factors in cardiovascular disease of which cardiac rhythm disorder and heartbeat abnormalities are great public challenges in developed countries. It can be said that the variations in the heart cellular electrophysiology are the main cause for arrhythmias, as common causes
Andi Abeshi, Alice Bruson, Tommaso Beccari, Munis Dundar, Leonardo Colombo and Matteo Bertelli
We studied the scientific literature and disease guidelines in order to summarize the clinical utility of genetic testing for color vision deficiency (CVD). Deuteranopia affects 1 in 12 males and is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner. It is associated with variations in the OPN1LW (OMIM gene: 300822; OMIM disease: 303900) and OPN1MW (OMIM gene: 300821; OMIM disease: 303800) genes. Tritanopia has a prevalence of 1 in 10 000, is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, and is related to variations in the OPN1SW (OMIM gene: 613522; OMIM disease: 190900) gene. Blue cone monochromatism has a prevalence of 1 in 100 000, is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner and is related to mutations in the OPN1LW (OMIM gene: 300822; OMIM disease: 303700) and OPN1MW (OMIM gene: 300821; OMIM disease: 303700) genes. Clinical diagnosis is based on clinical findings, ophthalmogical examination, family history, electroretingraphy, color vision testing and dark adaptometry. The genetic test is useful for confirming diagnosis, and for differential diagnosis, couple risk assessment and access to clinical trials.
Paolo Enrico Maltese, Yeltay Rakhmanov, Alice Bruson, Lorenzo Lorusso and Matteo Bertelli
. Rost NS, Greenberg SM, Rosand J. The genetic architecture of intracerebral hemorrhage. Stroke. 2008; 39(7): 2166-73.
12. Tonk M, Haan J. A review of genetic causes of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. J Neurol Sci. 2007; 257(1-2): 273-79.
13. Liebeskind D. Hemorrhagic Stroke. Updated: Jan 23, 2017 by WebMD LLC. available from: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1916662-overview#a5 .
14. Global Burden of Stroke. The atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke. MacKay J, Mensah GA. World Health Organization. Available from: http://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/en/cvd
Albena Merdzhanova, Ivaylo Ivanov, Diana A. Dobreva and Lyubomir Makedonski
This article presents information about omega-3 (h-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) contents in a broad range of commercially important fish species available on Bulgarian fish markets. The aim is to raise consumers’ awareness and encourage them to eat fish. Fish species from the Black Sea coast have relatively high proportion of n-3 PUFAs, of which more than 80% is by EPf (eicosapentaenoic acid, C 20:5 n-3) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid, C 22:6 n-3). Extensive epidemiological studies show that fish consumption is inversely associated with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), stroke and the functioning of the brain. About 0.5 g of omega-3 (EPA+DHA) a day or two savings of oily fish a week are required to reduce the risk of death from CVD. PUFAs needs should be satisfied not only with food additives but with fish lipids containing food.
Reda Abdelbaset, Mohamed El Dosoky and Mohamed T. El-Wakad
rate measuring using bioimpedance technique will be a new addition in medical devices unlike existing devices due to the already mentioned advantages [ 2 ].
A rated 17.5 million people died from cardiovascular disease (CVDs) in 2012, representing 31% of all global deaths. However, people who suffer from CVDs because of the existence of one or more risk reasons such as hypertension and diabetes, need early detection [ 3 ].
The electrical properties of biological tissues are divided into two categories corresponding to the source of the electrical signal, active
device (“Cerberus”) was developed and tested for use in the study [ 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 ].
The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) to collect and compare the prevalence of known CVD and stroke risk factors in a specific population in order to identify individuals at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) generally and specifically for stroke; 2) to validate REG measurements obtained with an experimental screening device (“Cerberus”); 3) to compare the results of REG measurements with results obtained using Doppler ultrasound; (4) to compare the survey