It is very important to promote public awareness of the negative effects on health — trans fatty acid effects on cardiovascular disease. The study included 70 patients of the Latvian Centre of Cardiology, Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital (PSCUH). The PSCUH research institute gave permission to conduct the study. The patients answered questions about their awareness of trans fatty acids. The questionnaire used was obtained from the study “Use of Trans Fat Information on Food Labels and Its Determinants in a Multiethnic College Student Population” and modified for survey of the cardiology unit patients. The majority (74%) of the respondents had heard and read something about trans fatty acids, but 62% women and 54% men were poorly informed about trans fatty acids and their negative effect on cardiovascular diseases. Unclear issues for patients were discussed after the questionnaire.
Aleksejs Zavorins, Jūlija Voicehovska, Jānis Ķīsis and Aivars Lejnieks
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterised by transient or persistent erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules that predominantly involve central regions of the face. Recent studies have shown a possible clinical association between rosacea and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Rosacea and atherosclerosis are both known to have alterations in the innate immune system, enhanced oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress. The aim of this review is to delve deep into the pathogenesis of rosacea and atherosclerosis to uncover possible pathogenic overlaps between these chronic inflammatory diseases.
the Institute of Latvian History]. Rîga: Zinâtne. 287 lpp. (in Latvian).
Erglis, A., Kalvelis. A., Lejnieks, A., Dzerve. V., Latkovskis, G., Mintale, I., Zakke, I., Rasa, I. (2007). CVD Prevention Guidelines. Rîga: Latvijas Kardiologu biedrîba.
Fundación Dieta Mediterránea. La pirámide de la Dieta Mediterránea se actualiza para adaptarse al estilo de vida actual. http://dietamediterranea.com/piramide-dietamediterranea/.
McGee, H. (2004). On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen. Revised edition. New
Guna Havensone, Laila Meija, Līga Balode, Ieviņa Stūrīte and Aivars Lejnieks
., Corella, D., Ros, E., Marti, A., Gómez-Gracia, E., Ortega-Calvo, M., Arós. F., Moñino. M., Serra-Majem, L., Pintó, X., Lamuela-Raventós, R. M., Babio, N., Gonzalez, J. I., Fitó, M., Martínez-González, M. A., PREDIMED investigators (2016). Association between dietary fibre intake and fruit, vegetable or whole-grain consumption and the risk of CVD: Results from the PREvencion con DIeta MEDiterranea (PREDIMED) trial ’Abstract’. Brit. J. Nutr. , 116 (3), 534–546.
Chapman, B., Salmon, D., Dyson, C., Blackley, K., Briggs, K. G. (eds.) (2005). Triticale Production
Sarmīte Kupča, Alfrēds Jānis Sīpols, Ilva Daugule and Ingrīda Rumba-Rozenfelde
Andersen, L. G., Angquist, L., Eriksson, J. G., Forsen, T., Gamborg, M., Osmond, C., Baker, J. L., Sorensen, T. I. (2010). Birth weight, childhood body mass index and risk of coronary heart disease in adults: Combined historical cohort studies. PLoS One , 5 (11), e14126. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21124730.
Anoymous (2011). Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents: Summary Report . https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cvd_ped/peds_guidelines_sum.pdf
Baker, J. L