Search Results

1 - 10 of 16 items :

  • "17th century" x
  • Sports and Recreation x
Clear All
The Game of the Sphere or of the Universe — a Spiral Race Game from 17th century France

Abstract

Simple race games, played with dice and without choice of move, are known from antiquity. In the late 16th century, specific examples of this class of game emerged from Italy and spread rapidly into other countries of Europe. Pre-eminent was the Game of the Goose, which spawned thousands of variants over the succeeding centuries to the present day, including educational, polemical and promotional variants.1

The educational variants began as a French invention of the 17th century, the earliest of known date being a game to teach Geography, the Jeu du Monde by Pierre Duval, published in 1645. By the end of the century, games designed to teach several of the other accomplishments required of the noble cadet class had been developed: History, the Arts of War, and Heraldry being notable among them.

A remarkable example of a game within this class is the astronomical game, Le Jeu de la Sphere ou de l’Univers selon Tycho Brahe, published in 1661 by E(s)tienne Vouillemont in Paris. The present paper analyses this game in detail, showing how it combines four kinds of knowledge systems: natural philosophy, based on the Ptolemaic sphere; biblical knowledge; astrology, with planetary and zodiacal influences; and classical knowledge embodied in the names of the constellations. The game not only presents all four on an equal footing but also explores links between them, indicating some acceptance of an overall knowledge-system. Despite the title, there is no evidence of the Tychonian scheme for planetary motion, nor of any Copernican or Galilean influence.

This game is to be contrasted with medieval race games, based on numerology and symbolism, and with race games towards the end of the Early Modern period in which science is fully accepted.

Open access
This tickles beyond all measure: an expanded version of Henning’s Hieb-Fechten in Add MS 17533

Abstract

Erhardus Henning’s work on Hieb-Fechten is one of only a few 17th century German fencing treatises describing cut-based fencing. An expanded version of this text, containing a larger collection of lessons, can be found in British Library Add MS 17533 fol. 127v to 138v, titled only Daß Hieb Fechten. Based on the great similarities between these two texts, it is clear that they share a common ancestor.

In this contribution, the two versions of the Hieb-Fechten text are compared, and the main differences between the two versions are discussed. Based on the given comparison, and the more polished impression given by Henning’s published work, it is hypothesised this work presents a later version of the text than given in Add MS 17533. Whether Erhardus Henning was the original author of the text, or only edited and published an older text he did not author himself cannot be determined, though there is no reason to suspect he was not the original author.

Finally, full transcriptions and English translations of both works are provided, and the differences between the two texts are indicated in the translation.

Open access
Replicating a seventeenth century sword: the Storta Project

Martial Arts , exhibition catalog (Dello: Grafiche Renzini, 2019). Gaibi, Agostino, “Un manoscritto del ‘600 ‘L’Arte Fabrile’ di Antonio Petrini”, Armi Antiche (1962), 111-139. Tonelli, Giovanna et al., “Historical and Metallurgical Characterization of a ‘Falchion’ Sword Manufactured in Caino (Brescia, Italy) in the Early 17th Century A.D”, Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials , Volume 68, Issue 8 (2016), 2233-2249. Williams, Alan, The Sword and the Crucible: A History of the Metallurgy of European Swords up to the XVI century (Leiden

Open access
The Future of Historical European Martial Arts Studies. A discussion

Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , ed. by eadem (Leiden ; Boston: Brill, 2016), pp. 594-602. Verelst, Karin, in collab. with Daniel Jaquet, and Timothy Dawson, ‘Conclusion’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , ed. by eadem (Leiden ; Boston: Brill, 2016), pp. 7-30. Spatz, Ben, What a Body Can Do: Technique as Knowledge, Practice as Research (London and New York: Routledge, 2015).

Open access
“Your Kung Fu is very good, Master Fiore!” Asian and European fight books in comparison

.2. Secondary sources Bauer, Matthias Johannes, ‘Teaching How to Fight with Encrypted Words. Linguistic Aspects of German Fencing and Wrestling Treatises of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , ed. by Daniel Jaquet et al., History of Warfare 112 (Leiden: Brill, 2016), pp. 47–61. Bowman, Paul, Martial Arts Studies. Disrupting Disciplinary Boundaries (London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015). Burkart, Eric, ‘The Autograph of an

Open access
The art of fighting under glass: Review of museum exhibitions displaying fight books, 1968-2017

, Beitrag zur ältern Liteteratur oder Merkwürdigkeiten der Herzoglichen öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Gotha (Leipzig : Dyk’sche, 1838). Jaquet, Daniel, Karin Verelst, and Timothy Dawson, eds., Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , History of Warfare 112 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2016). Jaser, Christian, ‘Ernst und Schimpf - Fechten als Teil städtlicher Gewalt- und Sportkultur’, in Agon und Distinktion. Soziale Räume des Zweikampfs zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit , ed. by Uwe

Open access
Reaching Excellence: Staff Weapon Typologies, Contexts, and Fighting Techniques in the Collectanea of Pietro Monte

–30. Burkart, Eric, ‘The Autograph of an Erudite Martial Artist: A Close Reading of Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum Hs. 3227a’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th - 17th Centuries) , ed. by Daniel Jaquet, Karin Verelst, and Timothy Dawson (Leiden: Brill, 2016), pp. 451–80. Deacon, Jacob Henry, ‘Prologues, Poetry, Prose and Portrayals: The Purposes of Fifteenth-Century Fight Books According to the Diplomatic Evidence’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum , 4th ser., 2 (2016), 69–90. Deacon

Open access
Limits of Understanding in the Study of Lost Martial Arts
Epistemological Reflections on the Mediality of Historical Records of Technique and the Status of Modern (Re-)Constructions

: Fechtmeister – Kämpen – Samurai , ed. by Uwe Israel and Christian Jaser, Das Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung, 19.2 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014), 253–301. Burkart, Eric, ‘The Autograph of an Erudite Martial Artist: A Close Reading of Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 3227a’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , ed. by Daniel Jaquet, Karin Verelst and Timothy Dawson, History of Warfare, 112 (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2016), 451–80. Burkart, Eric

Open access
The typological debates around Le Jeu de la Hache (BnF MS Français 1996) and their stakes for HEMA practice

, Jean-Claude, La méthode en sociologie , Repères Sociologie, 194, 5. éd (Paris: La Découverte, 2007). Deacon, Jacob, ‘The Pollaxe: c.1350-1500’ (unpublished master’s thesis, University of Cardiff, 2016). Dupuis, Olivier, ‘The French Fencing Traditions, from the 14th Century to 1630 through Fight Books’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries). , ed. by Daniel Jaquet, Karin Verelst, and Timothy Dawson (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2016), pp. 354–75. Dupuis, Olivier, and

Open access
Fighting in women’s clothes The pictorial evidence of Walpurgis in Ms. I.33

Ikonographie. Bd. 8. Ikonographie der Heiligen Meletius bis zweiundvierzig Märtyrer (Rome, Freiburg, Basel, Wien: Herder Verlag, 1976). Bravo, Guiseppe A. and Trupke, Juliana, 100 000 Jahre Leder. Eine Monographie (Basel, Stuttgart: Birkhäuser Verlag, 1970). Cinato, Franck, Development, “Diffusion and Reception of the “Buckler Play”: A Case Study of a Fighting Art in the Making”, in Jaquet, Daniel, Verelst, Karin and Dawson, Timothy, eds., Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th–17th Centuries

Open access