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al-Madīnah or la ville? An architectural & urban “clash of civilizations” – the example of the city of Algiers

landscape design “and” is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change”. The old medina of Algiers fulfilled the above criteria because “The Casbah of Algiers has exercised considerable influence on architecture and town-planning in North Africa, Andalusia and in sub-Saharan Africa during the 16th and 17th centuries. These exchanges are illustrated in the specific character of

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Urban demographic transition

and intensity The time sequence is the first element of variation in the urban demographic transition between countries. On one hand, the beginning varies from the end of the 17 th century (the United Kingdom), through e.g. the 1920s in the case of India, up to the 1950s for numerous African countries. These differences can also be illustrated by taking one separate year as an example, for instance 1950 ( United Nations 2015 : 204–214), when the urban demographic transition is almost completed in countries with an urbanisation rate exceeding 70% such as Belgium

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