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Palaeopathological Evidence of Infectious Disease in a Skeletal Population from Late Medieval Riga, Latvia (15Th-17Th Centuries AD)

. Derums, V. (1988). Baltijas sencilvçku slimîbas un tautas dziedniecîba [Ancient Baltic inhabitants: diseases and treatment]. Zinâne, Rîga. 233 pp. (in Latvian). Dunsdorfs, E. (1962). Latvijas vçsture, 1600-1710 [History of Latvia 1600-1700]. Daugava, Stockholm. 588 pp. (in Latvian). Gerhards, G. (2005). Ventspils 15.-17. gadsimta iedzîvotâju bioarheoloìiskâ izpçte [Bioarchaeological investigation of the 15th-17th century population of Ventspils]. Latvijas Vçstures Institûta Þurnâls, 3, 5-29 (in Latvian). Hackett, C. J

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Morphological Characterisation And Molecular Sex Determination Of Human Remains From The 15th–17th Centuries In Latvia


Sex determination is one of the most important and initial steps in human profile identification from archaeological material. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the application of molecular approaches alongside morphological methods for sex determination in archaeological human skeletal remains. Human skeletal remains were excavated from three cemeteries: St Gertrude Old Church, Dom Square and St Peter’s Church, of 15th–17th century burials in Rīga, Latvia. Morphological and molecular genetic methods, including amplification of genes AMELX/Y and SRY were used to analyse seven skeletal remains. The conducted analyses of morphological features identified sex in all seven cases (two females and five males). By molecular analyses of mediaeval DNA it was possible to determine sex in five of seven (71%) samples. In all positive cases full agreement between morphological estimation and molecular genetic methods was observed. To conclude, DNA analysis can be considered for sex identification in cases with no signs of sexual dimorphism (juvenile skeletons) or partially preserved skeletons.

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Wolfenbüttel, a Minor German Duchy But a Major Center of Cryptology in the Early Modern Period

-in-modezeichnungen-grashalmen-und-apfelbaeumen/ [35] SCHMEH, K.: A musical cryptogram from the 17th century In: ScienceBlogs, Dec. 16, 2016 (accessed 06/08/2017), The 90-second musical cipher is available on YouTube in two versions: (accessed 06/12/2017), [36] STRASSER, G. F.: Musik(noten)chiffren oder die ‘widernatürliche’ Kunst, Musik zu geheimer Kommunikation zu verwenden. In: (Hartmut Laufhütte, ed.) Künste und Natur in Diskursen der Frühen Neuzeit. Wolfenbütteler

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Conceptual Model of the Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research Platform of Engure Ecoregion, Latvia

/6), 170-176. Barzdevièa, M. (2013). Engures muiþas teritorija, iedzîvotâji un saimniecîba (17. gs. beigas - 19. gs. sâkums) [Territory, population and economy of Engure estate (end of the 17th century - beginning of the 18th century)]. Grâm.: Kïaviòð, M., Melecis, V. (red.). Cilvçks un daba: Engures ekoreìions (362.-375. lpp.). Rîga: LU Akadçmiskais apgâds (in Latvian). Becker, E., Jahn, T. (2006). Soziale Ökologie: Grundzüge einer Wissenschaft von den gesellschaft - lichen Naturverhältnissen. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag. 521 S

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