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Old Romanian Meteorological Terms

elementară , Tipografia Institutul Albinei, Iași. Suțu, N. (1852) Notiții statistice asupra Moldaviei , Tipografia Buciumului roman, Iași. Ureche, G. (17th century) Letopisețul Țării Moldovei , ms.rom.BAR 169. *** (1829) Albina românească , no. 2, Iași. *** (1834) Albina românească , no. 65, Iași. *** (1841) Albina românească , no. 32, Iași. *** (1844) Almanah de învățătură și petrecere , Iași. *** (1733) Calendari acum întâi Rumânesc , Brașov. *** (1814) Calendari ce slujeşte pre 100 de ani începând dela anul 1814

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Human activity and aeolian relief of Starczynów “Desert”, Poland

Abstract

Starczynów „Desert” is located in the eastern part of the Silesian Upland (southern Poland) and makes a compact area with the occurrence of aeolian sands, which till the 1960s. were intensively blown. Its flat surface is diversified by many dunes of different shapes and sizes. Aeolian coversands are formed here as a cover of changing thickness. The „desert” is not a typical dry climatic area. The term Starczynów „Desert” refers to the area of occurrence of bare sands and aeolian processes and makes a geographical name that can be found on topographic maps. Its development was conditioned by human activity, where since the Middle Ages dense forest areas have been cut to obtain timber for the needs of contemporary mining and metallurgy of lead and silver ores causing the activation of aeolian processes at sandy substratum, built from the Vistulian proluvial-deluvial deposits. In the formation of the aeolian relief of Starczynów „Desert” it is possible to distinguish some stages of intensive wind activity: the 13th-15th centuries, the 16th-17th centuries, the turn of 18th and 19th centuries, the turn of 20th and 21st centuries. In present times human interference in the environment of Starczynów „Desert” consists of fixing sandy areas to protect them from deflation. Human damage exists here in the aeolian relief through terrain levelling and building fire escape roads. In the north-eastern part of the „desert” sand was exploited, therefore a sandpit appeared. This area was subject to the activity of mining for Zn-Pb ores, which caused numerous collapsed cones. In the last few years this part of the „desert” was properly reclaimed.

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