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.M., Maniloff, J., Mayo, M.A., McGeoch, D.J., Pringle, C.R., Wickner, R.B. (Eds) - Virus Taxonomy , Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses, Academic 339 Press, New York, pp. 835-849. Erles K., C. Toomey, H. Brooks, J. Brownlie, 2003 - Detection of a group 2 coronavirus in 345 dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. Virology 310, 216-223. Gorbalenya A. E., L. Enjuanes, J. Ziebuhr, E.J. Snijder, 2006 - Nidovirales: evolving the 354 largest RNA virus genome. Virus Res., 117, 17-37. Pedersen Niels C., 2009 - A review of feline infectious peritonitis virus

-MS/MS system for plant metabolomics. Comput Struct Biotechnol J 4: e201301011. Wang C., Horby P.W., Hayden F.G., Gao G.F. (2020): A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet 395: 470–473.

Introduction From December 8, 2019, several cases of pneumonia of unknown cause have appeared in succession in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The disease has rapidly spread from Wuhan to other areas, raising intense attention worldwide. [ 1 , 2 ] By January 7, 2020, a novel coronavirus (CoV) was isolated from the throat swab sample of a patient in Wuhan by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [ 3 ] Subsequently, it was named as 2019-nCoV, and this coronavirus disease was named as COVID-19 by the World Health Organization. As of February 28

enable them to switch to new hosts ( 49 ). These newly created viruses can acquire zoonotic potential, as witnessed by the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the epidemic from Southern China in 2003 caused by SARS-CoVs. This disease, termed “atypical pneumonia”, was diagnosed in humans in 29 countries and had a nearly 10% mortality rate. In 2012, there emerged a subsequent disease caused by a novel coronavirus, the so-called Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) with even higher mortality rates. Both SARS- and MERS-CoVs crossed the species barrier from bats to

REFERENCES 1. Alenius, S., Niskanen, R., Junti, N., Larsso, B. (1991). Bovine coronavirus as the causative agent of winter dysentery: serological evidence. Acta Vet Scand. 32, 163-170. PMid:1666489 2. Yang, D., Leibowitz, L. (2015). The structure and functions of coronavirus genomic 3′ and 5′ ends. Virus Res. 206, 120-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2015.02.025 PMid:25736566 PMCid:PMC4476908 3. Hansa, A., Rai, R., Dhama, K., Wani, M. (2012). ELISA screening of faecal samples for bovine coronavirus and virus detection by RT-PCR in Northern India. Asian J

Starting from the December 2019 identification of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), an overwhelming sense of panic has enveloped public discourse. This is likely to be amplified by WHO recently declaring the novel coronavirus outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. It is the third significant occurrence of a zoonotic coronavirus crossing the species barrier to infect humans, and it likely will not be the last. Hope is not lost; and a measured approach, one that is cognizant of the seriousness of this public health crisis without giving

., Farag N.H., Haddadin A., Al-Sanouri T., Tamin A., Harcourt J.L., Kuhar D.T., Swerdlow D.L., Erdman D.D., Pallansc h M.A., Haynes L.M., Gerber S.I., Jordan MERS-Co V Investigation Team. (2014). Hospitalassociated outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus:aserologic, epidemiologic, and clinical description. Clin. Infect. Dis., 59: 1225-1233. Al-Tawfiq J.A., Memish Z.A. (2014). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: epidemiology and disease control measures. Infect. Drug. Resist., 7: 281-287. Alexandersen S., Kobinger G.P., Soule G., Wernery U

REFERENCES 1. ZHOU P, YANG X-L, WANG X-G, HU B, ZHANG L, ZHANG W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin . Nature. 2020; 579 :270-3 2. LAI C-C, SHIH T-P, KO W-C, TANG H-J, HSUEH P-R. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19): the epidemic and the challenges . Intern J antimicrob agents. 2020; 55 :105924. 3. ORGANIZATION WH. Coronavirus disease 2019 ( ‎ COVID-19) ‎ : situation report, 71 . 2020. 4. WU Z, MCGOOGAN JM. Characteristics of and important

REFERENCES 1. R. L. Graham, E. F. Donaldson and R. S. Baric, A decade after SARS: strategies for controlling emerging coronaviruses, Nat. Rev. Microbiol . 11 (2013) 836–848; https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro3143 2. V. S. Raj, H. Mou, S. L. Smits, D. H. Dekkers, M. A. Müller, R. Dijkman, D. Muth, J. A. Demmers, A. Zaki, R. A. Fouchier, V. Thiel, C. Drosten, P. J. Rottier, A. D. Osterhaus, B. J. Bosch and B. L. Haagmans, Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 is a functional receptor for the emerging human coronavirus-EMC, Nature 495 (2013) 251–254; https://doi.org/10

-B), Picornaviruses (e.g., human rhinovirus), coronaviruses (e.g., human coronavirus), Pneumoviridiae (e.g., human metapneumovirus), and potentially other viruses. Diagnostics of viral infections in hematological patients Laboratory test for viral infections with focus on latent and chronic infections should be performed in many hematological conditions, especially at diagnosis of the disease, and before HCT (both in recipient and donor). Additionally, after HCT monitoring for CMV and EBV, reactivation is mandatory in allo-HCT setting, and for several other viruses