darbai , Vol. 87, No 40, 81–89. 23. Tamošaitienė, A., Juškevičienė, D., Kriščiukaitienė, I., & Galnaitytė, A. (2010). Ūkininkų ūkių verslo stabilumo vertinimas naudojant finansinės analizės santykinius rodiklius (Farmers Farms Business Stability Assessment using Financial Analysis of Comparative Indicators). Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development , Nr. 5(24), 173–185. 24. Vasiliev, N., Astover, A., Mõtte, M. Noormets, M., Reintam, E., & Roostalu, H. (2008). Efficiency of Estonian grain farms in 2000
Eligijus Laurinavičius and Daiva Rimkuvienė
A Comparative Study of Labor Market Exit and Age Norms in Western Europe
The article deals with the organization of higher environmental education in France and Ukraine. The main elements of the pedagogical comparison between the two countries have been defined. Scientific and educational literature analysis devoted to the study of specific aspects of environmental education in universities of both countries has been done. Regulatory and legal framework for environmental training in these countries has been researched. The structure of higher education and the ecological system of educational levels both in Ukraine and France have been stipulated. Basic elements of a comparative analysis of higher environmental education in Ukraine and France have been characterized. The main areas of environmental education in universities of France and Ukraine have been determined. Principles of higher environmental education in France, based on the systems of laws and regulations, have been outlined. The importance of design and styling concept of environmental education has been proved. The main reason for increasing trend to expansion of environmental education at various university departments and levels of education has been defined. Milestones of higher environmental education in France and Ukraine have been determined. After the comparative analysis of higher environmental education in France and Ukraine common features of higher education in these countries have been outlined.
Oļegs Užga-Rebrovs and Gaļina Kuļešova
Scientific School “Modelling and Analysis of Safety and Risk in Complex Systems”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 119-124. Oct. 25-28, 2016.  T. A. Runkler, “Extended defuzzification methods and their properties,” Proceedings of IEEE 5th International Fuzzy Systems, pp. 694-700, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1109/fuzzy.1996.551822  A. Amini and N. Nikraz, “Proposing Two Defuzzification Methods based on Output Fuzzy Set Weights,” International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1-12, Feb. 2016. https
Przemyslaw Busse and Wlodzimierz Meissner
Inna Sheludko and Mykola Bondarenko
The comparative analysis of modern foreign concepts and systems of professional training of specialists in Western European countries has been carried out. Leading ideas, principles and regularities of the development of continuous professional education have been revealed. It has been stated that most developed European countries gradually reduce vocational education. At the same time, vocational and technical profiles of upper secondary education, which exist almost everywhere, with the exception of Great Britain, are actively developing. The consequence of these changes is the disappearance of many training profiles. Everywhere there is a tendency to prepare workers of advanced specialties. Today, European countries are working to solve the problem of “reducing training profiles to the minimum number”. At the same time profiling of high school is carried out. Different approaches to reforming the system of vocational education management in the countries of the world have been highlighted. Particular attention has been paid to the main areas of modernization of vocational education as a component of continuing education, the management of this process at the state, regional and local levels. Comparative analysis of materials in these areas has been carried out, the results of which suggest that the modernization of vocational education management in foreign countries is carried out using the principle of decentralization on the basis of the developed and adopted at the state level regulatory and legal basis. All countries have a clear division of powers at all levels of government (state, regional, local).
://www.eib.org/attachments/jessica_bristol_accord_sustainable_communities.pdf Chojnacka, M. (2012). Kryteria i metody oceny jakości obsługi klienta w wybranych przedsiębiorstwach transportu miejskiego. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu , 265 , 65-76. Czech, A., & Lewczuk, J. (2016). Taxonomic and econometric analysis of road transport development in Poland – the voivodship approach. Ekonomia i Zarządzanie , 8 (3), 79-88. Dobbs, R., Remes, J., Manyika, J., Roxburgh, Ch., Smit, S., & Schaer, F. (2012). Urban World: Cities and the Rise of the Consuming Class . McKinsey Global Institute. Retrieved from http
The article studies the development process of medical informatics specialty terminology as the ground for further research into foreign countries’ experience, including the Canadian one, of specialists’ professional training in the field of MI. The study determines the origin and chief stages of the formation and development of the medical informatics terminological system. The author performs the comparative analysis of terms used by the world organizations on health care informatisation issues, particularly International Medical Informatics Association as well as medical informatics associations of the USA and Canada as the leading countries where qualified workforce in the medical informatics specialty is trained. The European and Ukrainian experience has also been taken into consideration. The results of the comparative study have shown that the English terms ‘medical informatics’, ‘biomedical informatics’ and ‘health informatics’ serve as the umbrella terms for professional training programs and include a set of subspecialties that identify diverse spheres of information technology applications to medical science and practice, namely ‘clinical informatics’, ‘bioinformatics’, ‘health care informatics’, ‘nursing informatics’, ‘imaging informatics’, etc.
The article deals with the peculiarities of security activities in Ukraine and the USA and, consequently, aims to comparatively analyze professional training of future security and safety specialists in these countries. The author has presented comparative description of future security and safety specialists’ training in Ukraine and the USA. It must be noted that research findings of Ukrainian comparativists on the peculiarities of security specialists’ professional training in the leading European countries are of great significance for the problem under study. Indeed, nowadays quality services can only be provided by those security companies, whose staff are equipped with modern technologies and have undergone relevant professional training. In Ukraine, however, professional training of security specialists should be improved in novel and comprehensive ways. The author has singled out some problematic aspects in professional activities of security specialists. The author concludes that taking into account modern requirements, future security specialists should master the foundations of economic knowledge, have a high level of culture, speak foreign languages, show initiative, be responsible, strive for self-development and self-study, introduce important innovations, acquire the skills of working with modern information and communication technologies that will enhance the quality of security activities. The prospects for further studies involve conducting comparative analysis on professional training of future security and safety specialists in the leading European countries.
Małgorzata Kowalczyk and Czesław Niżankowski
E., Upmeier T., A study on micro-machining technology for the machining of NiTi: five-axis micro-milling and micro deep-hole drilling , JMEPEG, 20, 745–751, 2011.  Kaynak Y., Robertson S.W., Karacac H.E., Jawahir I.S., Progressive tool-wear in machining of room-temperature austenitic NiTi alloys: the influence of cooling/lubricating, melting, and heat treatment conditions , J. Mater. Process. Tech., 215, 95–104, 2015.  Kaynak Y., Karaca H.E., Noebe R.D., Jawahir I.S., Tool wear analysis in cryogenic machining of NiTi shape memory alloys: a