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Stakeholders in the local service centre: who should be involved in the planning process? Insights from Poland, Czech Republic and Denmark

centre: gaps in current knowledge and the research questions Bearing in mind all those considerations we may introduce a simple definition of a local service centre. A local service centre (LSC) is a specific urban structure including multi-functional public space and surrounding buildings providing access to essential everyday services, fostering social integration. A typical LSC is located in a neighbourhood or between neighbourhoods and connected with public transport networks. It should be distinguishable from the surrounding areas by different land-use and

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The spatial pattern of voter choice homogeneity in the Nigerian presidential elections of the fourth republic

of the nature of the political landscape and how political and social changes occur ( Heywood, 2007 ). Studies on voting pattern in Nigeria have often been fixated on which party electorates voted for or prefer (e.g., Ihonvbere, 1999 ; Araba, Braimah, 2015 ; Olasile, Adebayo, 2016 ; Lawal, 2017 ). While this approach reveals where parties won elections, equally important is how homogeneous voters’ choices are in different places. Here, homogeneity refers to similarity of voter choice in different places. In a geographical sense, the analysis of homogeneity of

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Factors affecting household access to water supply in residential areas in parts of Lagos metropolis, Nigeria

inputted into the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0 for analysis. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques were all employed for the data analysis. ArcMap 10 software was employed to generate a map of the study area/residential types while Excel software (2003 version) was adopted to plot the gender distribution, sources of water and households’ access to water in the study area. Descriptive statistics was used to examine the measure of location, and bivariate statistics helped to establish the interdependence of the

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Cultural Clusters as a Local Economic Development Strategy in Rural Small-Town Areas: Sarah Baartman District in South Africa

of SES index have larger numbers of CCIs, as they have surpassed this development threshold and are on the virtuous cycle. The fact that CCI clusters can occur in rural small towns means that local economic development (LED) initiatives surrounding the promotion of CCIs in rural areas can be successful. The pursuit of the development of CCI clusters has important social implications, as the clusters will generate employment, increase incomes, contribute to the town and district’s GDP, increase collaborations and networking and have spillover effects on other

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