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Steven C. Hertler

Abstract

The five factor trait of conscientiousnessis a supertrait, denoting on one hand a pattern of excessive labor, rigidity, orderliness and compulsivity,and on the other hand a pattern of strict rectitude, scrupulosity, dutifulness and morality. In both respects the obsessive-compulsive personality is conscientious; indeed, it has been labeled a disorder of extreme conscientiousness (Widiger et al., 2009). Antisocial personality disorder, in the present paper, is described as occupying the opposite end of the conscientiousness continuum. The antisocial is impulsive rather than compulsive, illicit rather than licit, and furtive rather than forthright.After clinically comparing the obsessive and antisocial personalities, the present paper invokes evolutionary theory to explain their resultant behavioral, ideological, political and demographic differences.

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Małgorzata Dowlaszewicz

Abstract

The sixteenth-century morality play Elckerlijc is one of the few texts mentioned in almost all Dutch canon lists. It is no surprise that this is one of the few medieval Dutch texts transferred into different languages and cultures. There are two Polish texts based on it, the first from 1921 by Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz (Kwidam), the second from 1933 by Stanisław Helsztyński (Każdy (Everyman): średniowieczny moralitet angielski). The text was though never directly translated into Polish from Dutch. The main issue is whether these translations have influenced the image of Dutch literature in Poland. It appears that secondary literature has seen the plays of Iwaszkiewicz and Helsztyński only as transfer of German or English literature and ideas and that it is rarely known that the original story originates from the Netherlands.

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Ana Leticia Padeski Ferreira and Marchi Júnior Wanderley

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to discuss the changes that took place in relation to the peculiarities of Capoeira within Brazilian society. This popular practice, which is considered a martial art, a dance and a game, developed during the 19th century, where it was practiced by individuals from the lower walks of life. Practicing Capoeira was a felony, as it posed a threat to public safety, order, and morality. Presently, it has been upgraded to a Brazilian cultural asset, which shows how the perception of its practice has changed. These changes follow the different views of the historical processes related to abolitionism and the perverse incorporation of blacks into society at that time, which have continued until present time, having undergone significant changes and grown as a valued physical expression

Open access

Steven C. Hertler

Abstract

The five factor trait of conscientiousness is a supertrait, denoting on one hand a pattern of excessive labor, rigidity, orderliness and compulsivity, and on the other hand a pattern of strict rectitude, scrupulosity, dutifulness and morality. In both respects the obsessive-compulsive personality is conscientious; indeed, it has been labeled a disorder of extreme conscientiousness (Widiger et al., 2009). Antisocial personality disorder, in the present paper, is described as occupying the opposite end of the conscientiousness continuum. The antisocial is impulsive rather than compulsive, illicit rather than licit, and furtive rather than forthright.After clinically comparing the obsessive and antisocial personalities, the present paper invokes evolutionary theory to explain their resultant behavioral, ideological, political and demographic differences

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Lucia-Larissa Palea, Simona Boştină-Bratu and Alina Negoescu

Abstract

Evaluation is a very complex process, which involves a continuous effort to reduce subjectivity from the evaluation procedure in giving grades, scores, marks, percentages etc. The assessment of the instructional process is a controversial topic due to the human factor involved in this process of valorization of learning outcomes. The issue in question breeds discussions on morality, since the future of the testees depends on the facts of examination and of the factually proved objectivity. Evaluation is therefore a pedagogical concept that transcends the definition of measure and the appreciation of the students’ performance. It refers to the process of determining and assessing learning outcomes by revealing the contribution of each resource in the teaching-learning process. The purpose of this paper is to point out some of the major elements of the evaluation process in the context of enhancing the quality of the educational act.

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Josep L. Prades

: Clarendon Press. Quinn, W. 1993. Putting Morality in its Place. In Morality and Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Scanlon, T. 1998. What we Owe to Each Other . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Smith, M. 1987. The Humean Theory of Motivation. Mind, 96: 36-61. Smith, M. 1995. The Moral Problem. Oxford: Blackwell. Wiggins, D. 1987. Deliberation and Practical Reason. In Needs, Values, Truth. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

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Pedro Galvão

Referências Carruthers, Peter. 1992. The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Galvão, Pedro. 2007. Do Ponto de Vista do Universo: Um Estudo sobre a Racionalidade da Ética Consequencialista . Lisboa: Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa. Harsanyi, John C. 1977. Morality and the Theory of Rational Behaviour. In A. Sen e B. Williams. Utilitarianism and Beyond . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982, 39-62. Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice . Cambridge: Harvard University

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Elizabeth Tropman

References Audi, Robert. 1999. Self-Evidence. Philosophical Perspectives 13: 205-228. Audi, Robert. 2004. The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value . Princeton: Princeton University Press. Boghossian, Paul. 1996. Analyticity Reconsidered. Nous 30: 360-391. Copp, David. 2007. Morality in a Natural World: Selected Essays in Metaethics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Field, Harty. 2000. Apriority as an Evaluative Notion. In New Essays on the A Priori , edited by Paul Boghossian and Christopher

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Ljubiša Despotović

Abstract

The paper analyzes spiritual stumbling of modern man which in addition to other general aspects of life has also led to sport degradation to only one dimesion ‐ the dimension of the result covering particular material interests of having power and being popular to which all other sport components including playing as the most honourable ingredient, which in terms of anthropology defines man as a being whose essential characteristic is playing, are inferior. Spiritual stumbling of modern man is a result of ratiocentrism (that is, his abandoning the concept of theocentrism) with dispair and loss of morality turning the complex body‐spirit bond into an instrument and the sport competition itself into an alienating form of achieving results at all costs. As a result, athletes themselves as main participants in competitions (either against other competitors or against themselves) have become an instrument‐tool for gaining profit. Spiritual stumbling have generated moral crisis and left sports and their participants without any human dimension of existence degrading them to a single physical dimension and its merciless and brutal exploitation.

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Narongsak Nakwan, Jeerawan Wannaro, Narongwit Nakwan, Wichian Patungkalo and Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit

Abstract

Background: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection have been increasingly observed and are associated with mortality in neonatal population.

Objective: We determined risk factors for and outcome of bacteremia caused by CRAB in neonates.

Methods: The clinical data of neonates who developed A. baumannii bacteremia from January 2005 to December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: During the study period, 22 neonates developed A. baumannii bacteremia, 13 were CRAB at an incidence of 0.5 case/1000 patients-day. Compared with carbapenem-sensitive A. baumannii (CSAB), patients with CRAB bacteremia had lower birth weight, lower gestational age and were more often receiving mechanical ventilation at the onset of bacteremia. Most of the CSAB isolates were susceptible to cefoperazone/sulbactam (89%) and aminoglycosides (50-75%). In contrast, CRAB strains were all resistant to cephalosporins, carbapenems, quinolones, with 39% susceptible to cefoperazone/sulbactam and 8% susceptible to amikacin. Most cases of CRAB bacteremia were treated with cefoperazone/sulbactam or meropenem and in some cases, with the addition of colistin. The all cause morality rates were 54% in CRAB and 11% in CSAB bacteremia, respectively (p = 0.07).

Conclusions: Neonatal bacteremia caused by A. baumannii was not common but caused high mortality, particularly from CRAB. Lack of effective antibiotics was the major challenge in treating these patients.