; Middleton and Midgley 1997 ; also self-enhancing and self-defeating ego orientations, as in Skaalvik 1997 ). The performance-approach orientation reflects the aim of demonstrating competence or appearing better than others, while the performance-avoidance orientation has a focus on avoiding judgments of incompetence or appearing worse than others. 2 Methods 2.1 Participants The participants comprised 139 (aged 20–23 years) second-year students at the Finnish National Defense University (NDU). In Finland, higher education in military science is
Andrzej Lis and Tomasz Jałowiec
The aim of the paper is to analyze the potential and challenges of applying the systems approach to transform military logistics as an element of the armed forces development program. First of all, the structure of the military logistic system is identified and discussed. Secondly, the principles governing military logistics are studied in order to point out the requirements for a military logistic system. Thirdly, the operational capability based approach to transform and develop contemporary armed forces is considered. Finally, the systems approach to develop the capabilities of military logistics is operationalized and the tools supporting the planning of the military logistic system development are proposed.
Helga Myrseth, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Einar Kristian Borud and Leif Åge Strand
1 Introduction Deployments pose unique and often stressful situations to military personnel ( Wells et al. 2010 ). A recent prevalence study of mental illness among veterans (peacekeepers) of the Norwegian United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon showed that the mental health condition of the veterans was generally good, with prevalence of mental illness being lower than, or comparable to, that in the general population ( Gjerstad et al. 2016 ). Although many veterans are able to construe positive meaning from war and peacekeeping experiences ( Schok et al
Dumitru Iancu and Dorel Badea
Complex phenomenon and particularly challenging, the decision-making process in the military field is, perhaps, the place where the risk is defined and is found in “pure form”. The dynamics of actions, environmental factors, technical and tactical characteristics of military structures are just a few items that generate a range of risks which must be managed by each commander, both at the time of the decision, and during its implementation. For these reasons, and not only, we support the idea that risk management in the military field may be the key to success in any mission
Dorel Badea, Dumitru Iancu, Crenguța Macovei and Călin Ciprian Oţel
This article discusses some key aspects of the military technical culture on the basis of theoretical considerations and on the basis of preliminary research based on the questionnaire, with topics specific to the technical systems management issues. Although specialized literature does not provide enough theoretical evidence to investigate the problem, the setting of characteristics and components based on the military organization’s specificity in terms of the theory of capabilities is actually achieved as a national contribution. These aspects are analyzed in the wider framework of modern military managerial practice, while outlining the contribution of a robust level of the technical culture to the achievement of managerial performance.
Vasile Căruţaşu and Daniela Căruţaşu
References  Căruţaşu, D., The Use of Modeling and Simulation in the Design of Weapon Systems within the Land Forces , Sibiu, “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy Publishing House, 2014  Căruţaşu, V., Modeling and Simulation of the Decision-Making Process in the Military Field , Sibiu, “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy Publishing House, 2014  Căruţaşu, V., Operational Research and the Decision Theory , Sibiu, “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy Publishing House, 2014  Căruţaşu, V., Căruţaşu, D., The Optimum
The article proposes an analysis of the transformation and modernization of the maintenance system of the military equipment together with the adaptation to military technical systems typology existing in equipping Romanian Army. Technological development of weapon systems in recent decades has imposed adjustment of methodologies for repairs and maintenance to obtain some availability coefficients, assumed for technical systems placed in endowment. Although political and economic conditions were hostile at times, the need to align to the geo-strategic reality has led to the remarkable development of military equipment and to improvement of their maintenance. Endowment with complex military equipment including subsystems in various domains (mechatronic, ballistics, information technology, optical, thermal, chemical, hydro-pneumatic and so on) has created prerequisites for the transformation and modernization of operating systems, logistics, maintenance, whose procedures involve optimization methods to meet the requirements of the modern battlefield.
Reviews European Military Culture and Security Governance. Soldiers, scholars and national defence universities by Tamir Libel.
References Bowen, W. H., 2006. Spain during World War II. Missouri: University of Missouri Press. Buzan, B., 1997. Cooperation and conflict. London: SAGE Publications. Byman, D. L. and Waxman, M. C., 2000. Kosovo and the great air power debate. International Security, 24(4): 5-38. Caverley, J. D., 2010. The myth of military myopia: democracy, small wars and Vietnam. International Security, 43(3): 119-157. Cohen, R., 2015. From individual security to international stability. In
Agnieszka Mackiewicz, Grzegorz Sławiński, Tadeusz Niezgoda and Romuald Będziński
column spine and its significance in the classification of acute thorocolumbar spinal injuries, Spine , 8(8), 817–831. 7. DeWit J.A., Cronin D.S. (2012), Cervical spine segment finite element model for traumatic injury prediction, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , 10, 138–150. 8. Heider N, Denefeld V, Holzwarth A. (2010), Methods for the analysis of global IED effects on military vehicles, 5t h European Survivability Workshop , Alesund Norway. 9. Hryciów Z., Borkowski W., Wysocki J., Rybak P., Wiśniewski A. (2013