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Jasminka Z. Ilich, Owen J. Kelly, Youjin Kim and Maria T. Spicer

, Mann NJ. Dietary intake of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids during the paleolithic. World Rev Nutr Diet 1998;83:12-23. PMID: 9648501 7. Rhodes DG, Clemens JC. Goldman JD. LaComb RP, Moshfegh AJ. 2009-2010 What We Eat In America, NHANES Tables 1-36 [displayed 6 June 2014]. Available at http://afrsweb.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=283124 8. Ruiz-Nunez B, Pruimboom L, Dijck-Brouwer DA, Muskiet FA. Lifestyle and nutritional imbalances associated with western diseases: Causes and consequences of chronic

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Moushira Erfan Zaki, Mona Mamdouh Hassan, Hafez Mahmoud Bazaraa, Hany Fathy Ahmed and Badr

Abstract

Background and Aim: Growth retardation is still an important manifestation of children with chronic renal failure (CRF). The aim of this study is to evaluate the growth in relation to nutritional status in Egyptian children with CRF on hemodialysis.

Subjects and Methods: The study included 30 Egyptian children above the age of six years on regular haemodialysis at the Haemodialysis Unit of the Centre of Pediatric Nephrology and Transplantation of Cairo University. Anthropometry, biochemical parameters and dietary intake were measured. Anthropometric measurements were expressed as z - scores.

Results: Data shows that height was the most affected anthropometric parameter. Short stature in CRF is proportionate and body weight is less affected than height. Dietary analysis showed that 76.7 % of patients had recommended dietary allowance of calories. Height z-score showed a significant positive correlation with caloric intake. On the other hand, the protein intake showed a significant positive correlation with blood urea nitrogen and a significant negative correlation with serum bicarbonate.

Conclusions: Nutritional assessment is essential to the management of children with CRF. Anthropometry is a sensitive indicator of the nutritional status. The study recommends avoiding excessive protein intake to prevent metabolic acidosis and accumulation of toxic nitrogen waste products.

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Doha Mohamed, Sahar Al-Okbi, Dardiri El-Hariri and Ismael Mousa

Council. Recommended Dietary Allowances, 1989, 10 th ed. Washington DC. National Academy Press. Fukuda Y., Osawa T., Namiki M., Ozaki T., Studies on antioxidative substances in sesame seed. Agric. Biol. Chem., 1985, 49, 301-306. Goldberg I. J., Clinical Review 124. Diabetic dyslipidemia: causes and consequences. J. Clin. Endocr. Met., 2001, 86, 965-971. Gupta A. K., Ross E. A., Myers J. N., Kashyap M. L., Increased reverse cholesterol transport in athletes. Metabolism, 1993, 42, 684

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Stela Mariana Al Hussein, Hussam Al Hussein, Camil Eugen Vari, Nicoleta Todoran, Hamida Al Hussein, Adriana Ciurba and Maria Titica Dogaru

’s milk and linear growth in industrialized and developing countries. Annu Rev Nutr. 2006;26:131-173. 11. Melnik BC. Evidence for acne-promoting effects of milk and other insulinotrophic dairy products. Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program. 2011;67:131-145. 12. Burris J, Rietkerk, Woolf K. Acne: The Role of Medical Nutrition Therapy. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113:416-430. 13. Melnik BC. Dietary intervention in acne: Attenuation of increased mTORC1 signaling promoted by Western diet. Dermatoendocrinol. 2012;1:20-32. 14. Melnik BC, Schmitz G. Role

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Lore Metz, Thomas Deleuze, Bruno Pereira and David Thivel

(3): 193-196 Chaput JP, Drapeau V, Poirier P, Teasdale N, Tremblay A. Glycemic instability and spontaneous energy intake: association with knowledge-based work. Psychosom Med , 2008; 70(7): 797-804 Chaput JP, Tremblay A. Acute effects of knowledge-based work on feeding behavior and energy intake. Physiol Behav , 2007; 90(1): 66-72 Chaput JP, Tremblay A. The glucostatic theory of appetite control and the risk of obesity and diabetes. Int J Obes (Lond) , 2009; 33(1): 46-53 da Silva AI, Fernandes LC, Fernandez R. Energy expenditure and intensity

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Małgorzata E. Drywień, Joanna Frąckiewicz, Magdalena Górnicka, Beata Ważna, Paulina Zielińska, Katarzyna Wójcik and Stanisław Kulik

. Somatotyping. In: K Norton, T Olds, editors. Anthropometrica. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. 147-170. Chrostowska M. 2007. Dekalog diagostyki, prewencji i leczenia chorób układu krążenia związanych z otyłością. Kardiologia na co Dzień 3(2):137. Drywien M, Frackiewicz J, Górnicka M, Wielgosz J, Sobolewska ., Kulik S. 2016. Influence of the somatotype on intake of energy and nutrients in women. Anthropological Notebooks XXII/3:147-157. Funder DC. 2013. The Personality Puzzle. 2nd edition. New York, London: W

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Daria Murawska, Magdalena Kubińska, Michał Gesek, Zenon Zduńczyk, Urszula Brzostowska and Jan Jankowski

.11.2012). Chen Y.P., Chen X., Zhang H., Zhou Y.M. (2013). Effects of dietary concentrations of methionine on growth performance and oxidative status of broiler chickens with different hatching weight. Brit. Poultry Sci., 54: 531-537. CIE (1978). Recommendations on uniform color spaces-color difference equations. Psychometric Color Terms. Supplement No. 2 to CIE Publication No. 15 (E-1.3.1), 1971/(TC-1-3), Commission internationale de l’éclairage. Paris. Damaziak K., Pietrzak D., Michalczuk M., Adamczak L., Chmiel M., Florow - ski T., Gozdowski D

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Hana Dušová, Jan Trávníček, Vlasta Kroupová, Martina Staňková and Zdeněk Peksa

-634. 21. Spears J.W.: Micronutrients and immune function in cattle. Proc Nutr Soc 2000, 59, 587-594. 22. Trávníček J., Herzig I., Kursa J., Kroupová V., Navrátilová M.: Iodine content in raw milk. Vet Med- Czech 2006, 51 , 448-453. 23. Trávníček J., Kroupová V., Konečný R., Staňková M., Šťastná J., Hasoňová L., Mikulová M.: Iodine status in ewes with the intake of iodine enriched alga Chlorella . Czech J Anim Sci 2010, 55 , 58-65.

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Gora Miljanovic, Beba Mutavdzic, Milan Marjanovic, Zvonko Zivaljevic, Miljojko Janosevic, Sinisa Masic and Denis Pelva

(3):694-701. 19. Wardle J, Paramenter K, Weller J. Nutrition knowledge and food intake. Appetite 2000; 34:269-75. 20. Sektor za Investicije učenički i studentski standard i javne nabavke. Standardi, Normativi i Jela. Beograd: Ministarstvo prosvete i nauke Republike Srbije, 2011. 21. Ogden C L, Kuczmarski R J, Flegal K M, Mei Z, Guo S, Wei R, at ol, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: impovements to the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics version, Pediatrics, 2002, Jan; 109(1):45-60. Pub Med. 22. Srdić B

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Anna Łozak, Krystyna Sołtyk, Monika Kiljan, Zbigniew Fijałek and Piotr Ostapczuk

Determination of Selected Trace Elements in Dietary Supplements Containing Plant Materials

The need for analytical methods enabling determining trace metals concentration in herbal medicinal products and dietary supplements has increased in recent years due to the globalisation of international market and also due to the risk of using herbs contaminated by heavy metals. To this end, an analytical method was developed and validated for the accurate determination of trace elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Sr, Zn) in products in the form of tablets or capsules, herbal teas and their aqueous infusions. The validation of described procedure of digestion samples and determination metals by ICP-MS method, shows its usability in determination of trace elements in herbal products. Recovery percentage based on CRMs ranged from 90.1% to 110.7%, and the precision of the method was below 3%.

Out of all microelements determined, the highest concentration was found for Mn in herbal teas. The daily intake of Mn with infusions accounted for 53.3% and 126.4%, which corresponded to 41.7% and 98.9% of the AI values for adult women and men, respectively. The method was also used for quality control of the labelled level of chromium and zinc. In all analysed samples, the concentrations of cadmium and lead were below the EC maximum levels stipulated for Cd and Pb in dietary supplements.