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Small Woodlands and Trees in Traditional Agricultural Landscapes of Slovakia

Landscape. Hist. Cas. 64, 109–126. Špulerová, J., Drábová, M., Lieskovský, J., (2016b). Traditional agricultural landscape and their management in less favoured areas in Slovakia. Ekológia (Bratislava) 35, 1–12. doi:10.1515/eko-2016-0001 StatSoft, Inc., (2004). STATISTICA Advanced Cz - Expert Data Science - Produkty - Data mining - Prediktivní modelování - Credit Scoring - Fraud detection - SPC [WWW Document]. Retrieved August 2, 2017 from URL http://www.statsoft.cz/produkty/66-expert-data-science/80-statistica-advanced-cz/ Street, T.I., Prentice

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Integrative Research and Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production: A Review of Barriers and Bridges

-39. Stokols, D. (2006). Toward a Science of Transdisciplinary Action Research. Am J Community Psychol. , 38: 63-77. Sundström, G. (2005). Målstyrningen drar åt skogen- Om government och governance i svensk skogspolitik. SCORE (Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor), Rapportserie 2005:6, Stockholm. Susskind, L., Cruikshank, J. (1987). Breaking the impasse: consensual approaches to resolving public disputes. Basic Books, New York. Svensson, L., Brulin, G. & Ellström, P. E. (2002

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The Bioindicative Role of Enzyme Polymorphism of Seven Enzyme Systems as Reaction on High Cadmium Ions Concentration in Maize (Zea Mays L.)

, 1960, no. 9, pp. 1210-1215. SCHWARTZ, D. 1969. Alcohol dehydrogenase in maize: Genetic basis for multiple isozymes. In Science , vol. 164 , 1969, no. 3879, pp. 585-586. STUBER, C. W. - GOODMAN, M. M. 1980. Genetics of IDH isozymes in corn. In Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter , vol. 54 , 1980, pp. 99-100. STUBER, C. W. - WENDEL, J. F. - GOODMAN, M. M. - SMITH, J. S. C. 1988. Techniques and scoring procedures for starch gel electrophoresis of enzymes from maize ( Zea mays L

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1H NMR-Based Metabolic Profiling of Urine from Mice Fed Lentinula edodes-Derived Polysaccharides

Alzheimer's disease is associated with high serum phenylalanine concentrations. J. Neurol. Sci., 2013, 329(1–2), 29–33. 39. Worley B., Halouska S., Powers R., Utilities for quantifying separation in PCA/PLS-DA scores plots. Anal. Biochem., 2013, 433(2), 102–104. 40. Wu B., Yan S., Lin Z., Wang Q., Yang Y., Yang G., Shen Z., Zhang W., Metabolomic study on ageing: NMR-based investigation into rat urinary metabolites and the effect of the total flavone of Epimedium . Mol. Biosyst., 2008, 4(8), 855–861. 41. Xia J., Sinelnikov I.V., Han B., Wishart D

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Protein-Lipid Interactions in Different Meat Systems in the Presence of Natural Antioxidants – a Review

-Román D., Švarc-Gajić J., Fernández-Gutiérrez A., Segura-Carretero A., Rosmarinus officinalis leaves as a natural source of bioactive compounds. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 2014, 15, 20585–20606. 15. Boye J., Wijesinha-Bettoni R., Burlingame B., Protein quality evaluation twenty years after the introduction of the protein digestibility corrected amino acid score method. Br. J. Nutr., 2012, 108, S183–211. 16. Brewer M.S., Natural antioxidants: sources, compounds, mechanisms of action, and potential applications. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. F., 2011, 10, 221–247. 17

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Who will become dominant? Investigating the roles of individual behaviour, body size, and environmental predictability in brown trout fry hierarchies

and Sociobiology, 70(12), 2111-2125. DOI 10.1007/s00265-016-2215-y. Näslund, J., Saarinen Claesson, P. & Johnsson, J.I. (2017a) Performance of wild brown trout in relation to energetic state and lab-scored activity during the early-life survival bottleneck. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 71(11), 165. DOI 10.1007/s00265-017-2395-0. Näslund, J., Sandquist, L. & Johnsson, J.I. (2017b) Is behaviour in a novel environment associated with bodily state in brown trout Salmo trutta fry? Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 26(3), 462-474. DOI 10

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Ecosytem Services: A Rapid Assessment Method Tested at 35 Sites of the LTER-Europe Network

Abstract

The identification of parameters to monitor the ecosystem services delivered at a site is fundamental to the concept’s adoption as a useful policy instrument at local, national and international scales. In this paper we (i) describe the process of developing a rapid comprehensive ecosystem service assessment methodology and (ii) test the applicability of the protocol at 35 long-term research (LTER) sites across 14 countries in the LTER-Europe network (www.lter-europe.net) including marine, urban, agricultural, forest, desert and conservation sites. An assessment of probability of occurrence with estimated confidence score using 83 ecosystem service parameters was tested. The parameters were either specific services like food production or proxies such as human activities which were considered surrogates for cultural diversity and economic activity. This initial test of the ecosystem service parameter list revealed that the parameters tested were relatively easy to score by site managers with a high level of certainty (92% scored as either occurring or not occurring at the site with certainty of over 90%). Based on this assessment, we concluded that (i) this approach to operationalise the concept of ecosystem services is practical and applicable by many sectors of civil society as a first screen of the ecosystem services present at a site, (ii) this study has direct relevance to land management and policy decision makers as a transparent vehicle to focus testing scenarios and target data gathering, but (iii) further work beyond the scale investigated here is required to ensure global applicability.

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Men’s Perception of Raped Women: Test of the Sexually Transmitted Disease Hypothesis and the Cuckoldry Hypothesis

Abstract

Rape is a recurrent adaptive problem of female humans and females of a number of non-human animals. Rape has various physiological and reproductive costs to the victim. The costs of rape are furthermore exaggerated by social rejection and blaming of a victim, particularly by men. The negative perception of raped women by men has received little attention from an evolutionary perspective. Across two independent studies, we investigated whether the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (the STD hypothesis, Hypothesis 1) or paternity uncertainty (the cuckoldry hypothesis, Hypothesis 2) influence the negative perception of raped women by men. Raped women received lower attractiveness score than non-raped women, especially in long-term mate attractiveness score. The perceived attractiveness of raped women was not influenced by the presence of experimentally manipulated STD cues on faces of putative rapists. Women raped by three men received lower attractiveness score than women raped by one man. These results provide stronger support for the cuckoldry hypothesis (Hypothesis 2) than for the STD hypothesis (Hypothesis 1). Single men perceived raped women as more attractive than men in a committed relationship (Hypothesis 3), suggesting that the mating opportunities mediate men’s perception of victims of rape. Overall, our results suggest that the risk of cuckoldry underlie the negative perception of victims of rape by men rather than the fear of disease transmission.

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Gender and economic orientation as correlates of attitudes towards environmental abuse: A study of a group of Nigerian undergraduates

Abstract

Equity is central to concerns over environmental sustainability. Gender and economic power constitute prime bases of inequalities in human society. Moreover, university education has the potential to produce ideal individuals equipped to advance noble causes including environmental sanity. Hence, this study was designed to examine how economic and gender orientation affects attitude towards environmental abuse among a group of Nigerian undergraduates. Structured questionnaire were self-administered to 1120 randomly selected respondents and 1098 were analyzed. Multi-item measures were used to assess variables. One way ANOVA, Brown-Forsythe's test and Spearman's correlation r were used to analyze data. Results show that the mean score for attitudes towards environmental abuse was high (5.38±0.87, min. = 1.0, max. = 7.0) but, the generic pattern for attitude was fairly environmentally friendly because only 56.7% of respondents scored the mean or above. Age, sex and marital status had no effect on their attitude (p > 0.05) but religion and field of study did (p < 0.05). Economic and gender orientations were significantly and positively related to attitude towards environmental abuse (p < 0.05). Being Muslim and Christian as opposed to being a practitioner of a traditional religion; and undertaking studies within the field of biology and life sciences as well as science and technology, as opposed to social sciences, humanities and arts, predisposes students to healthier attitudes towards environmental abuse. Collectivist economic orientation and egalitarian gender orientation predisposes students to a healthier attitude towards environmental abuse.

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Relationship Between Texture Sensory Profiles and Optical Properties Measured by Time-Resolved Reflectance Spectroscopy During Post-Storage Shelf Life of ‘Braeburn’ Apples

Abstract

‘Braeburn’ apples from three harvests after 6-month storage in controlled atmosphere were measured at 670 nm by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy (TRS), ranked on decreasing μ a670 (increasing maturity), classified as less (LeM), medium and more mature (MoM), randomised into three batches per harvest and analysed after 1, 8 and 14 days of shelf life. LeM and MoM apples were measured in the 630-900 nm range by TRS, and analysed for sensory profile (firm, crispy, juicy, mealy) and pulp mechanical characteristics (firmness, stiffness, energy-to-rupture). All data were processed by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). According to sensory intensity scores, fruits were either divided into five classes (very low – VL; low – L; medium – M; high – H; very high – VH) separately for every attribute, or clustered into four groups, each one representing a specific sensory profile. The absorption spectra showed a maximum at 670 nm (chlorophyll-a) and μ a670 was higher in the VH class for firm, crispy and juicy and in the VL and L classes for mealy. The scattering spectra had a decreasing trend with the wavelength increase, and μ s’ values were lower in the VH class for firm and crispy, and higher in the VH class for mealy and in the VL ones for juicy. PCA underlined that μ s’ values were negatively related to firmness and μ a670, and that μ a690, μ a730, μ a830, μ a850 and μ a900 were opposed to mealiness. PC scores differed among the four sensory profiles and increased from VL to VH classes for firmness, crispiness and juiciness and from VH to VL classes for mealiness.

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