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Migrants inside and outside Africa. Motivations, Paths and Routes

References AA. VV. Il muro ungherese alle porte dell’Europa. Internazionale.it. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://www.internazionale.it/video/2018/05/23/muro-ungherese-porte-europa (May 23, 2018) Bredeloup S. 80% de la migration sur le continent est intra-africaine. La Tribune Afrique. Reference to a web source [Online] Available: https://afrique.latribune.fr/politique/politique-publique/2017-04-17/anti-cliche-80-de-la-migration-en-afrique-ne-se-fait-pas-vers-les-pays-du-nord-interview.html (April 17, 2018) Camilli A. Non

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Aspects of Labor Market in Romania and Bulgaria in the Context of the Impementation of the Strategy Europa 2020. Comparative Study

, ecologic and favourable increase for inclusion, (2016), https://www.mae.ro/sites/default/files/file/Europa2021/Strategia_Europa_2020.pdf, Accessed on 12th December, 2017 Iorga A.M. 2017, Characteristics of the Romanian agriculture workforce. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", vol. 17 issue 2, print ISSN 2284-7995, 183-186. Petroff, A., 2016, From the Brain Drain to the Brain Circulation: Typology of a Romanian Brain Network, Impact of Circular Migration on Human, Political and

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Characteristics of Innovation in Regions with Small- and Medium-Sized Towns

Abstract

Globalisation “takes” its victims, which the authors believe means that the future of small- and medium-sized towns has become uncertain in Europe. The role of centres is continuously increasing, and most researchers prefer to analyse the competitiveness and innovativeness of metropolitan areas. In this study, we characterise the small- and medium-sized towns in the central–eastern European region as well as explore their possible development path. The authors are convinced that one way for these towns to survive is through strengthening of innovation abilities, which means increasing the innovation performances of economic stakeholders and new forms of interaction among other institutions in order to handle social problems. The theoretical starting point is the interpretation and presentation of the micropolitan (without big towns) regions as well as understanding the concept of technological and social innovation. As the result of the research, the innovation measurements carried out in some of the settlements will be represented. These experiences can help the small- and medium-sized towns keep up with global competition and cancel migration and erosion of intellectual potential.

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Functional Dependence of Pension User Categories in Relation to the Total Number of the Employed

Abstract

When and how will one country take care of its workers who are left due to their injury, illness, death or old age without ability to care for their existence, and who contributed most of their life as tax payers. The role of the social system is just that. Social systems of intergenerational solidarity operate for decades in all European countries, regardless of their political and economic structure and level of development. Number of employees within a pension system is dependent on many factors, but it is also independent compared to the category of pensioners and possibilities of functioning of the pension system. The total number of beneficiaries directly derived from the number of employees in some earlier period, while the possibility of pension payments vary depending on the current number of workers. Some categories may behave differently in relation to the total number of employed in an economic system, but the functioning of the pension system is depending on this indicator. In Serbia, for years the number of deaths exceeded the number of births, large-scale migration of citizens, the progress of medical science as a factor of increased life expectancy of people, higher rates of unemployment, longer years of service until retirement and some other less significant factors influenced the disproportion in the number of employees in relation to the number of pensioners. This resulted in a very poor state of the pension system and caused the question of its future functioning. A social problem is getting more difficult to resolve, in quality and quantitative terms, because its main source of inflow of funds is in constant decline while expenditures are increased.

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Analysis of Trends in Gross Domestic and Household Savings and its Components in India

Abstract

India is having a long-term oriented culture where people are more focused on their future rather than present. Due to this the savings rate in India has always remain at a significant level. India’s savings performance has been quite impressive in a cross-country context. India’s gross domestic savings rate in the recent period is comparable to Indonesia, Thailand and Korea, much lower than that of China, Malaysia and Singapore but much higher than that of many other emerging and advanced economies. India ranked 2nd in terms of gross domestic savings among top 10 economies of the world in the year 2015, just below that of China. The gross domestic savings which stood at around 23 per cent in 1990 has reached around 35 per cent in 2015, well above the world average of 23.5 per cent. Various factors which resulted in an increase in gross domestic savings rate are rapid economic growth, large scale migration of rural population to urban area, Rise in income of government employees after 6th pay commission, persistence of saving habits among households, awareness programs by government and financial institutions etc. Household savings has always remained a major component of gross domestic savings followed by private corporate savings and public sector savings. It was the result of high savings rate that the Indian economy stand strong during the global recession of 2008. During the tenth five year plan i.e. from 2002-2007 the increasing in gross domestic savings was maximum among all. Bank deposits have always remain the most preferred avenue for savings for households. Total deposits in Indian banks crossed Rs100 billion mark in 2017.

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Coping with employment issues through commuting: Evidence from Central Russia

otrasli. Yaroslavl, Avers Plyus. CARRINGTON, K., HOGG, R., MCINTOSH, A., SCOTT, J. (2012): Crime talk, FIFO workers, and cultural conflict on the mining boom frontier. Australian Humanities Review, 53: 1–14. CASSEL, S. H., MACUCHOVA, Z., RUDHOLM, N., RYDELL, A. (2013): Willingness to commute long distance among job seekers in Dalarna, Sweden. Journal of Transport Geography, 28: 49–55. CHEN, Y., ROSENTHAL, S. S. (2008): Local amenities and life-cycle migration: Do people move for jobs or fun? Journal of Urban Economics, 64: 519–537. CHEPURENKO, A

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Motivating hospital personnel for excellence in a rough environment

Abstract

Work motivation and satisfaction are core performance factors, of a broad complexity in healthcare. In spite of all economic, political, administrative, regulatory or bureaucratic adversities, there are public Romanian hospitals striving to perform at European level. Medical personnel dissatisfaction, and shortage due to migration are significant challenges for managers. Methodology: the main research question is whether motivation is a key factor in a public Romanian hospital oriented to clinical excellence, reflected by retention of medical staff and their professional satisfaction, and also perceived by their patients. Purpose: to analyze importance and level of job satisfaction of hospital personnel in relation with other motivation components given the rough environment of Romanian public healthcare system, and its reflection on patient satisfaction. The paper is based on two studies: professional satisfaction survey conducted among all 350 employees of the Clinical Hospital “St. Maria” Bucharest accredited for liver transplantation and achieving great clinical performance, based on a 21-questions semi-structured questionnaire. Second, a patient satisfaction survey conducted on a sample of 75 patients randomly selected from all 5 hospital departments, out of an average of approximately 230 patients per week, by applying on discharge day a questionnaire of 30 questions. Results: Great majority of our personnel appreciated as appropriate: their working conditions, communication and relationship with hierarchic boss and with hospital management team. 84.6% of medical and 90.5% of nonmedical personnel declared to be professionally very satisfied and satisfied in this hospital. Patient satisfaction analysis indicated that almost all respondents were informed by medical personnel about their conditions and rights, receiving explanations about treatment; 90% considered care received at a very good quality, except for food; 90.2% of respondents rated as very good the personnel kindness, availability, communication, information and care; 67,2% of patients stated as very satisfied and 23% satisfied with the medical care received, and all respondents would choose this hospital again if needed and even would recommend it to others. Conclusion: Anticipating their needs and motivating hospital personnel to achieve high performance is of great importance for managers and employees, by focusing on people and using appropriate tools even when no direct financial incentives are possible. Professional satisfaction has to be periodically measured, correlated with patient surveys and followed by specific actions for improvement and kept high, thus allowing climbing up to the best hospitals in Bucharest, despite significant challenges within Romanian public healthcare system. Our analysis showed the importance of job motivation and satisfaction in public hospitals, despite the rough environment, and reflection of work satisfaction on employees-patients relationship in terms of availability, communication, providing information and feedback, care, and choice/preference for future services. Thus, our research objectives were fulfilled.

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The Determinants of Worker Remittance in Terms of Foreign Factors: The Case of Bangladesh

References Aydas ,O. T., Metin-Ozcan, K., Neyapti, B., (2005), Determinants of Workers' Remittances : The Case of Turkey", Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 41(3), pages 53-69, May. Arun, T., Ulku, H., (2011), Determinants of remittances: The case of the South Asian community in Manchester. Journal of Development Studies, 47(6), 894-912. Bouoiyour, J., Miftah, A., (2015), Why do migrants remit? Testing hypotheses for the case of Morocco. IZA Journal of Migration, 4(1), 1

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A Refugee Crisis Without Refugees: Policy and media discourse on refugees in the Czech Republic and its implications

Research Centre). Získáno z https://cvvm.soc.cas.cz/en/press-releases/political/international-relations/4222-attitude-of-czech-public-to-accepting-of-refugees-in-december-2016 Czech Statistical Office. (2017). Foreigners in the Czech Republic . Praha. Devereux, E. (2015). Thinking Outside the Charity Box: Media Coverage of Homelessness. European Journal of Homelessness , 2009 (2), 261–273. Drbohlav, D., & Valenta, O. (2014). Czechia: the main immigration country in the V4. In Discovering migration between Visegrad countries and Eastern Partners (s

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Seasonal Work in Hungary in the Light of Seasonal Work Directive / Sezónna Práca V Maďarsku Vo Svetle Smernice Pre Sezónnu Prácu

References 1. FUDGE, J. - HERZFELD OLSSON, P., 2014. The EU seasonal workers Directive: When Immigration Controls Meet Labour Rights, European Journal of Migration and Law, 16 (2014) 465. 2. National Labour Offi ce. 2013. Report on the main features of the foreigners working in Hungary in 2013. [A kulfoldi munkavallalok magyarorszagi munkavallalasanak főbb sajatossagai 2013-ban], [available online] <http://nfsz.munka.hu/engine.aspx?page=stat_kulf_munkavall_mo-on>. 3. Act II of 2007 on entry and stay of third

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