, new or significantly improved logistics, delivery or distribution methods for the firm’s inputs, goods or services or new or significantly improved supporting activities for the firm’s processes, such as maintenance systems or operations for purchasing, accounting or computing. Organisational innovation is defined as new business practices for organising procedures, new methods of organising work responsibilities and decision making or new methods of organising external relations with other firms or public institutions. Finally, marketing innovation is defined
Justin Doran and Geraldine Ryan
Aidan Duane and Philip O’Reilly
developed a six-stage (Levels 0–5) Knowledge Management Capability Assessment (KMCA) model, and Nikhil et al.’s (2007) five-level SoG model. SoG models have also emerged in e-Government and IS in healthcare and education. Layne and Lee (2001) developed a four-stage e-Government SoG model, and similar work by Janssen and van Veenstra (2005) focussed on a five-stage SoG model for information architectures in local governmental agencies. Janssen and van Veenstra (2005) suggest that organisations sometimes concatenate stages, and the number of stages may expand as
Gabriel J. Costello
firm’s resource base for the future ( Barney, 1991 ). ‘Its central proposition is that if a firm is to achieve a state of SCA, it must acquire and control valuable, rare, inimitable, and non-substitutable (VRIN) resources and capabilities, plus have the organization (O) in place that can absorb and apply them’ ( Kraaijenbrink et al., 2010 : 3, based on Barney 1991 ). In an early assessment of the theory, Peteraf (1993) concluded that it had a significant capability to elucidate and integrate research in the area of strategic management. However, in a more recent
Jarosław Kowalski and Bożena Ewa Matusiak
systems to measure the key subsystems responsible for its operation. The relevant literature lists the following areas that are important for city life: the administration and management system, the health-care system, information flow systems, education, transport, mobility, and logistics, waste management, energy management (public lighting, heating system and energy, including renewable energy), municipal management, public space management, culture and entertainment, etc. [ Stawasz et al., 2012 ]. This list, however, does not encompass all areas of urban life. In
Artur Czech and Jerzy Lewczuk
Transport is considered one of the basic aspects of the movement of people, raw materials as well as goods from the place of origin to the destination. Moreover, in the wider sense, transport includes economic bodies that aim to achieve goals similar to those of businesses that produce a wide range of goods required by customers. Hence, the efficient operations of basic branches of the transportation system determine the entire national economy. Furthermore, transport is considered a basic factor of development, both on the macro- and microeconomic scales.
The aim of the paper is to attempt the assessment of the road transport in Poland as an important element of macro logistics. Furthermore, one of the aims of the investigation was the explanation of its influence on the level of economic development in Poland.
As the source of information, the research used the data drawn from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. The main methods implemented in this study were both classic and order synthetic measure construction. Further, these measures were used in econometric models as well as for the prediction of their values.
The main result of the analysis indicates that the development level of the widely considered infrastructure is strictly correlated with the socio-economic development of particular voivodships.
The study on the level of road transport development can lead to a better understanding of the socio-economic development of particular areas of Poland as well as the more efficient use of the support funds.
Eva Nedeliaková, Vladimíra Štefancová and Michal Petr Hranický
Reference Bedi, K., 2006. Quality Management . Oxford University Press, India. Brue, G., 2005. Six Sigma for Managers – 24 Lessons to Understand and Apply Six Sigma Principles in Any Organization , McGraw-Hill, USA. Čamaj, J., Danis, J., Dolinayová, A., 2016. The Management of Elimination Train Delays and Socio-Economic Impacts in Slovak Conditions , International Conference on Engineering Science and Management, Zhengzhou, China, 183-186. Dedík, M., Gašparík, J., Záhumenská, Z., 2017. Quality Assessment in the Logistics of Rail
Mariusz Szuster and Maciej Szymczak
performance. Production and Operations Management, 10(1), 16-30. Arlbjorn, J. S., de Haas, H., & Munksgaard, K. B. (2011). Exploring supply chain innovation. Logistics Research, 3(1), 3-18. Arvanitis, S., Loukis, E., & Diamantopoulou, V. (2013). The effect of soft ICT capital on innovation performance of Greek firms. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 26(6), 679-701. Baregheh, A., Rowley, J., & Sambrook, S. (2009). Towards a multidisciplinary definition of innovation. Management Decision, 47(8), 1323
Valentas Gružauskas and Mantas Vilkas
Firms Can Transform Trade-Offs Into Win-Win Outcomes. Business Strategy and the Environment, 23(1), 18-37. http://doi.org/10.1002/bse.1758 Berle, Ø., Norstad, I., & Asbjørnslett, B. E. (2013). Optimization, risk assessment and resilience in LNG transportation systems. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 18(3), 253-264. http://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-03-2012-0109 Bosona, T. G., & Gebresenbet, G. (2011). Cluster building and logistics network integration of local food supply chain. Biosystems Engineering, 108(4), 293
Chunhua Chen, Jianwei Ren and Yunga A
R eferences  Ren, J. W. (2012). Study on pallet allocation optimization over a pallet pool. Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China.  Harris, J. S., & Worrell, J. S. (2008). Pallet management system: a study of the implementation of UID/RFID technology for tracking shipping materials within the department of defence distribution network. NAVAL Postgraduate School, Monterey, USA.  Wu, Q. Y. (2013). Study on unit logistic: part one. Logistics & Material Handling, 16(6): 108-111.  Jiang, H., & Liu L. (2001). Pallet pooling
Marta Kadłubek and Borut Jereb
References 1. M. Nowicka-Skowron, “Logistics objectives in view of a business strategy,” Freiberger Forschungshefte, Freiberg: D 238 Wirtschaftswissenschaften, 2010, p. 268-277. 2. J.T. Mentzer, D.J. Flint, and G.T.M. Hult, “Logistics service quality as a segment customized-process,” in Journal of Marketing, No. 65, 2001, p. 82-104. 3. C.C. Bienstock, J.T. Mentzer, and M.M. Bird, “Measuring physical distribution service quality,” in Journal of Academy of Marketing Science, No. 25, 1997, p. 31