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Leonas Jarašius, Dalytė Matulevičiūtė, Romas Pakalnis, Juratė Sendžikaitė and Vaidotas Lygis

), 2007: Lithuanian Peat Producers Association. – Vilnius. Liužinas R. (ed.), 1995: Lietuvos durpynų kadastras, 1–3. – Vilnius. Matuszkiewicz W., 2001: Przewodnik do oznaczania zbiorowisk roślinnych polski. – Warszawa. Mažeika J., 2006: Use of lead-210 and carbon-14 in investigations of peat accumulation in Aukštumala raised bog, western Lithuania. – Baltica, 19(1): 30–37. Naujalis J., Kalinauskaitė N., Grinkevičienė N., 1995: Vadovas Lietuvos kerpsamanėms pažinti. – Vilnius. Nich olson I.A., Robertson R.A., Robinson M., 1989: The effect of drainage on the

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T. Kupčinskas, I. Stadalienė, A. Šalomskas, P. Trusevičius, M. Varady and S. Petkevičius

species of parasitic nematodes on smallholder sheep farms in Lithuania. In addition, to evaluate management and treatment strategy on sheep farms the questionnaire survey was performed. Materials and methods Farm questionnaire A questionnaire surveyed 71 sheep farmers. Twenty-nine farms were visited, and the farmers were interviewed personally. Forty-two sheep farmers from the list of the Lithuanian Sheep Breeders Association were interviewed by telephone. All farmers were asked about their practices of farm management: number of animals, sheep breeds, size

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Liudas Mažylis and Aušrinė Jurgelionytė

? Dvidešimties metų visuomenės nuomonės apie Ignalinos AE sociologiniai tyrimai Lietuvoje." Filosofija. Sociologija T. 19, Nr. 4 (2008): 102-111. Hobolt, Sara Binzer. "Direct Democracy and European Integration." Journal of European Public Policy 13:1 (January 2006): 153-166. Law on Referendum of the Republic of Lithuania // http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=269831 Makaraitytė, Indrė. "Ignalinos AE neverta nemokamo alaus." Atgimimas.lt // http

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Ieva Gajauskaitė

Abstract

This article presents an analysis of the evolution and intensity of Polish-Ukrainian and Lithuanian- Ukrainian strategic partnerships. The secondary purpose of this article is to expand the theoretical understanding of strategic partnerships, by presenting an evolutionary analytical model and scale of cooperation intensity. The application of this model shows Polish-Ukrainian and Lithuanian-Ukrainian strategic partnerships’ similarities and dissimilarities, intensity, strategic goals and common benefit. Qualitative analysis of these two cases shows that despite different partners’ strategic fit and cooperation, neither partnership can be considered real strategic cooperation

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Vitalis Nakrošis

. 2009. “Policy Entrepreneurship and Policy Change.” The Policy Studies Journal 37(4), 649 – 667. Nakrošis, V. 2015. “The Influence of Government Priorities on Public-Administration Reforms in Europe.” NISPACEE Journal of Public Administration and Policy 8(1), 21 – 40. Nakrošis, V. 2017. Report on Public Administration Reform Trends and Reform Dynamics in Lithuania . Unpublished report of the EUPACK project. Nakrošis, V., R. Vilpišauskas and E. Barcevičius. 2018. “Making Change Happen: Policy Dynamics in the Adoption of Major Reforms in Lithuania

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Monika Frėjutė-Rakauskienė

. (2004). ‘Ethnicity as cognition’. Theory and Society, Vol. 33, pp. 31-64. Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Lithuania . Available at: www.vrk.lt [Accessed on 22 January 2015]. Chaney P. & Fever R. (2001). ‘Inclusive Governance and “Minority” Groups: The Role of the Third Sector in Wales’. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations , Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 131-156. Daukšas D. (2011). ‘Dominuojantis nacijos, teritorijos ir valstybės diskursas lietuviškoje 1988–1991 m. periodikoje’. Liaudies kultūra, No. 5, pp. 7

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Aušra Pocienė

Abstract

Even though permanent compulsory primary military service is an unquestionable military duty, it is very important that it has the support of the public. The question of what motivates young people to volunteer to do their PCPMS will remain relevant as long as the service is in place. This article attempts to identify ways to attract young people to military service. It analyses the value-based context of the Lithuanian public, specifically highlighting the priorities of the younger generation. This allows us to understand what forms the basis of young people’s decisions and the things they would consider in making up their minds to do PCPMS. The article contrasts the views of conscripts and civil young people towards PCPMS, the army and the defence of the country. It aims to develop an understanding of why the former choose PCPMS voluntarily. The article relies on data from quantitative studies - the opinion polls of young Lithuanians (males aged 15-30) and conscripts - conducted by researchers at the Centre for Strategic Research at the General Jonas Žemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania in 2015-2017. It also relies on data from the European Values Study performed in Lithuania in 2008.

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Romas Švedas

Abstract

A case study of Lithuania as an EU energy island is conducted in the article. For this purpose, the description of an energy island in the EU as a phenomenon is set forth, and its characteristics are identified and explicated. The performed study showed that in 1990-2009 Lithuania corresponded partially and in 2010-2013 fully to the characteristics of the EU’s energy island, whereas the Russian Federation, as a dominant energy supplier, abused the circumstances, executed a coercive energy policy, thus posing threats not only for energy but also for economic and national security. However, in 2015, having constructed alternative electricity and gas supply routes and established market conditions in the energy sector, Lithuania reached a turning point and pulled away from energy dependency on Russia. Lithuania is to be regarded as a good case of the EU energy island to study.

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Kęstutis Zaleckis, Indrė Gražulevičiūtė-Vileniškė, Jurga Vitkuvienė, Brigita Tranavičiūtė, Huriye Armağan Doğan, Tomas Grunskis and Jolita Sinkienė

built environment : Soviet – western relations in the industrialized mass housing and its reflections in the Soviet Lithuania. Lithuanian Historical Studies , 2011, Vol. 15, pp. 11–27. 6. Grunskis, T., Šiupšinskas, M. Tarybinio laikotarpio viešųjų erdvių transformacijos Lietuvoje. Vilniaus Žirmūnų ir Lazdynų atvejis. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism , 2012, Vol. 36, Issue 3, pp. 209–221. https://doi.org/10.3846/20297955.2012.732492 7. Grunskis, T., Mankus, M. The system of urban public spaces in the post-communist sociocultural context. Journal

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Margarita Šešelgytė

Abstract

One of the most important rearrangements provided for in the Treaty of Lisbon is the reorganization of the presidency held by Member States in the area of Common Security and Defense Policy (CFSP), achieved by handing over a major part of presidency-related functions to the newly established institutions: the European Union (EU) High Representative (EUHR) and the European External Action Service (EEAS). The redistribution of these functions has caused a fundamental change in the roles of Member States’ presidency within CFSP and CSDP. With Lithuania’s preparation for the EU Council presidency in 2013, the question arises as to what functions it is going to retain in these areas as a presiding state. The article aims to define the institutional environment of the presidency in CSDP as a constituent part of CFSP, as well as to define the main roles of the presidency after the Treaty of Lisbon came into force and also to foresee possible factors for a successful presidency. The article is based on research carried out in the spring of 2011 under the commission of the Prime Minister’s service. During this research, interviews with two representatives of EU institutions and with experts from Lithuania, Poland, Belgium, Hungary, and Ireland, working in the area of CSDP, were conducted.