Number of libraries accessible within 20 minute threshold
Populated area in km 2
Share of populated area in %
Share of population
Source: own research.
At first sight the results for the minimum
situation. As a result, numerous studies on large housing estates are based on case studies, each of them contributing to the discussion ( van Kempen et al. 2005 ; Temelova et al. 2011 ; Kovacs & Herfert 2012 ; Wassenberg 2013 ).
A case study of Ursynów Północny in Warsaw, that is the scope of this article, reveals both the similarities and differences between Ursynów and other large housing estates in post-socialist countries. Ursynów Północny was designed between 1970 and 1978 and was built from 1974 to early 1980. With nearly 10,000 dwellings and 38
, G. & Davies, C. (2009) Benefits and well-being perceived by people visiting green spaces in periods of heat stress Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 8(2), 97–108. 10.1016/j.ufug.2009.02.003 Lafortezza R. & Carrus G. & Sanesi G. & Davies C. 2009 Benefits and well-being perceived by people visiting green spaces in periods of heat stress Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 8 2 97 – 108
Lovett, A. & Appleton, K. & Warren-Kretzschmar, B. & Von Haaren, Ch. (2015) Using 3D visualization methods in landscape planning: An evaluation of
Geografie 120(2), 104–112. Bernt M. Marcińczak S. Gentile M. 2015 Gentrification in post-communist countries: An introduction Geografie 120 2 104 112
Brenner, N. & Schmid, C. (2012) Planetary urbanization [in:] M. Gandy, ed., Urban Constellations Jovis, Berlin, 10–13. Brenner N. Schmid C. 2012 Planetary urbanization Gandy M Urban Constellations Jovis Berlin 10–13
Chelcea, L., 14.03.2018, „The Housing Question” in Eastern Europe Today: Gentrification in Post-Socialist Cities online lecture. Available from: https
, suburbanization and transportation in Barcelona , Journal of Urban Economics, 72, 176–190. 10.1016/j.jue.2012.05.003 Garcia-López M. A. 2012 Urban spatial structure, suburbanization and transportation in Barcelona Journal of Urban Economics 72 176 190
Garmendia, M., de Ureña, J. M., Ribalaygua, C., Leal, J. & Coronado, J. M. (2008) Urban residential development in isolated small cities that are partially integrated in metropolitan areas by high speed train , European Urban and Regional Studies, 15, 249–264 10.1177/0969776408090415 Garmendia M. de Ureña J. M. Ribalaygua C
Wiktor Głowacki, Janusz Komenda, Magdalena Zalasińska, Ilona Morawska and František Imrich
position on international and national heritage lists. The historic centre of Bardejov is listed among UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 2000. The Urban Monument Reserve was established in the centre of Štramberk in 1951. The old town of Dukla in Poland as a whole has not been formally declared a monument. However, its 10 historic buildings on the Polish national list of monuments and 33 items on the municipal list provide evidence of the rich heritage resources of this small town. All three towns have one common characteristic in their urban history. They had developed
-Cairo-Dakar-Montevideo-Nairobi-New Delhi-Singapore, XII–XIV. Mougeot L.J.A. 2005 Agropolis. The social, political and environmental dimensions of urban agriculture International Development Research Centre Ottawa-Cairo-Dakar-Montevideo-Nairobi-New Delhi-Singapore XII XIV
Philo, C. (1995) Animals . Geography and the city , Environment and planning D, 13, 655–681. 10.1068/d130655 Philo C. 1995 Animals. Geography and the city Environment and planning D 13 655 681
Philips, A. (2013) Designing Urban Agriculture . A complete guide to Planning , Design , Construction , Maintenance , and Management
) przestrzenie życiowe młodych mieszkańców miasta Scholar, Warsaw [in Polish].
Smagacz-Poziemska M. 2015 Czy miasto jest niepotrzebne? (Nowe) przestrzenie życiowe młodych mieszkańców miasta Scholar Warsaw in Polish
Sobala-Gwosdz, A. & Gwosdz, K. (2017) ”Katowice effect”? Regeneration of the site of the former Katowice coal mine through prestige cultural projects Urban Development Issues, 56, 27–40. DOI: 10.2478/ udi-2018–0010 [accessed: 7.05.2018].
Sobala-Gwosdz A. & Gwosdz K. 2017 ”Katowice effect”? Regeneration of the site of the former Katowice
only marking areas where housing development can take place (Czernica, Miękinia, Oborniki Śląskie, Żórawina) and others determine the type of building development in great detail in their area (Siechnice, Kobierzyce). It is possible to find from 1 to 10 indications of types of housing development in the documents. Differences concern not only the accuracy of the division of housing areas but also house naming policies. Depending on the politics of a given commune, the types of buildings accepted in the areas allocated for housing are different. In some cases (e
Process The Review of Austrian Economics, 17 (2/3), 285–300. 10.1023/B:RAEC.0000026836.66261.c1
Holcombe R. G. 2004 The New Urbanism Versus the Market Process The Review of Austrian Economics 17 2/3 285 – 300
Katz, P. (1998) What Makes a Good Urban Park ?, [in:] A. Etzioni, ed., The Essential Communitarian Reader Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 183–186.
Katz P. 1998 What Makes a Good Urban Park? Etzioni A. The Essential Communitarian Reader Lanham Rowman & Littlefield Publishers 183 – 186
Kelbaugh, D. (2014) The