-346. 10.1021/ar200119g 22011002
Hotchkiss PJ Jones SC Paniagua SA Sharma A Kippelen B Armstrong NR Marder SR Accounts of Chemical Research 2012 45 337 346
23 Richter R, Mukhopadhyay A and Brisson A, Biophysical Journal 2003, 85, 3035-3047. 10.1016/S0006-3495(03)74722-5 14581204
Richter R Mukhopadhyay A Brisson A Biophysical Journal 2003 85 3035 3047
24 Richter R, Berat R and Brisson AR, Langmuir 2006, 22, 3497-3505. 16584220 10.1021/la052687c
Richter R Berat R Brisson AR Langmuir 2006
Tushar Kanti Bera, Nagaraju Jampana and Gilles Lubineau
, 25 , 26 ] reveal the impedance response of biological tissues at one, two or more specified frequencies (f). EIS has been proven as an effective technique for noninvasive tissue characterization in medical, biomedical and biological applications [ 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 ]. Because EIS is a more generalized method that provides impedance variations over a wide range of frequencies, it can be used on its own to provide information that explains other bioelectrical phenomena like dielectric polarization [ 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41
Mihaela-Doina Niculescu, Doru-Gabriel Epure, Magdalena Lasoń-Rydel, Carmen Gaidau, Mihai Gidea and Cristina Enascuta
Other important characteristics for seed treatment applications are water vapor permeability and water absorption of films, being closely related to the physiological processes that develop during seed germination and sprouting. Determinations of these characteristics for the two films are shown in Figs. 4 and 5
Permeability to water vapors.
Water vapor absorption.
incubated at room temperature for 1 hour. The TPC was measured at 760 nm by plotting the gallic acid calibration curve ( 34 ). Total flavonoids were measured by the aluminum chloride colorimetric assay. 0.1 mL of extract was mixed with 0.3 mL each of 5% NaNO 2 and 10% AlCl 3 followed by 2 mL of 1M NaOH and absorbance was measured at 510 nm. The total flavonoids were assessed by plotting catechol as standard ( 35 ). For electrolyte leakage (EL), fresh leaf samples (0.3g) were washed with distilled water and placed in closed vials (10 ml, deionized) and incubated at 25
lists the electrical resistivity of forearm biological tissues at a frequency of 100 kHz [ 6 ].
The electrical resistivity of forearm biological tissues.
Electrical resistivity ρ [Ωm]
2.76 ± 0.3
2.5 ± 0.5
1.42 ± 0.6
12.5 ± 0.5
25 ± 0.7
Blood vessel wall
3.13 ± 0.2
Materials and methods
To perform electrical impedance measurements, a special electrode system was designed to be attached to the study area. The electrode system
Stefano Paolacci, Yeltay Rakhmanov, Paolo Enrico Maltese, Francesca Fanelli, Raul Ettore Mattassi, Bruno Amato and Matteo Bertelli
W, Martin L, Hadj-Rabia S, Terkeltaub R, Rutsch F. Generalized arterial calcification of infancy and pseudoxanthoma elasticum can be caused by mutations in either ENPP1 or ABCC6. Am J Hum Genet 2012; 90(1): 25-39. 10.1016/j.ajhg.2011.11.020 22209248
Nitschke Y Baujat G Botschen U Wittkampf T du Moulin M Stella J Le Merrer M Guest G Lambot K Tazarourte-Pinturier MF Chassaing N Roche O Feenstra I Loechner K Deshpande C Garber SJ Chikarmane R Steinmann B Shahinyan T Martorell L Davies J
pathogen protection in the world’s most important vegetable crop seems secure ( 24 ).
Okanagan Specialty Fruits, of Canada have used a RNA interference approach, to silence four poly-phenol oxidase genes in Granny Smith and Golden Delicious apple genotypes. These apples, which are deregulated in the United States, have decreased wastage by a reduced propensity to browning whilst retaining other aspects of apple attractiveness ( 25 , 26 ). University of Florida biotechnologists have demonstrated that losses of strawberry crops due to anthracnose crown rot, angular leaf
Dushko Josheski, Elena Karamazova and Mico Apostolov
interval ( a , b ), then this function is concave on ( a , b ) if: ∀ x ∈ ( a , b ), f ″( x ) < 0. Or a C 2 function: g : A → R n on the open and convex set A ⊂ R n is concave if and only if ∂ 2 f ( x ) < 0 and is semidefinite for all x , then f is strictly concave. In the literature of this king very important term is marginal cost pricing equilibrium which is a family of consumption, production plans, lump sum taxes and prices such that such that households are maiming their utility subject to their budget constraints and firms production plans