K. Slivinska, V. Kharchenko, Z. Wróblewski, J. Gawor and T. Kuzmina
prevalence of the separate strongylid species or their proportion in communities were not observed between females and males, or between the three age groups (Kruskal-Wallis test; p > 0.05).
Speciesdiversity in strongylid communities of the Polish primitive horses significantly differed between horse farms ( Table 2 ). The lowest number of species (15) was found on the farm “Syriusz”, where the horses are kept in stables, and the maximum numbers of strongylid species (30 and 31) were found on farms Seven Island and Roztocze in FR horses.
The types of management
Plant species diversity is threatened in many agricultural landscapes due to the changes it has to undergo. Although the modification of the agricultural landscape pattern is observed across Europe, both extensive and intensive agricultural landscapes still co-exist in Poland. The objective of the study was to examine the flora in field margins in intensively and extensively managed agricultural landscapes, located across three regions in SE Poland. The flora was compared with respect to species richness, diversity, and evenness indices. Detrended correspondence analysis was employed to characterise variation in species composition. Agricultural landscape type made a higher contribution than the topography or geology to species richness and composition in field margins. Field margins function as important habitats for general vascular plant species diversity and are useful for the conservation of rare, threatened, endangered or bee plants. A significant decline in species diversity was observed over a distance of 1000 m from the habitat elements. Plants growing on field margins are mainly perennials; however participation of annuals clearly increases in intensive landscapes. The participation of wind-dispersed species decreased in an open-spaced intensive landscape. Animal-dispersed plants predominated in an extensive landscape with forest islands. Irrespective of landscape type, native species predominated. However, these habitats create the biota and corridors for alien-invasive species as well.
N. S. Zvegintsova, V. A. Kharchenko and T. A. Kuzmina
More than 30 species of exotic ungulates are currently kept in the Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve (Kherson Region, Ukraine). During the years 1978–2014, 146 ungulates of 24 species (16 species of Bovidae, 4 — Cervidae, 4 — Camelidae) were examined by partial helminthological dissection; more than 402,700 specimens of helminths were collected and identified. The purpose of the present study was to summarize these data and analyze the species diversity in exotic ungulates. Totally, 38 species of helminths: 3 species of Trematoda, 6 — Cestoda, 29 — Nematoda were found. Ungulates from the family Bovidae were the most infected; they harbored 36 species of helminths, 1–18 species per host. In Camelidae, 15 species were found; 3–10 species per host. Cervidae harbored 9 species; 1–6 species per host. The highest species diversity was detected in the ungulates introduced from regions with climatic conditions similar to those in southern Ukraine: saiga antelope (19 species), European mouflon (18), Barbary sheep (18), and markhor (17). Ten species typical for domestic ruminants (Haemonchus contortus, Nematodirus sp., Aonchotheca bovis, Moniezia expansa, Oesophagostomum venulosum, Ostertagia circumcincta, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, T. probolurus and Trichuris ovis) dominated in the parasite communities. Our results indicated reduction in the species diversity and alteration of the parasite community structures in these exotic ungulates kept in the Askania-Nova Reserve compared to their natural habitats.
Species diversity of algal communities of sphagnum epiphyton was studied in six mountain and plain mires of the Subpolar Urals (Russia). A total of 154 species and intraspecific taxa from six divisions were identified. The highest species richness was recorded for Bacillariophyta (96 taxa) and Charophyta (33) divisions. Species Kobayasiella parasubtilissima, Tabellaria flocculosa and Eunotia lunaris had high abundance. Dominant communities were often formed by Eunotia lunaris, E. mucophila, Kobayasiella parasubtilissima and Pinnularia subcapitata. CCA analysis showed that conductivity and altitude above the sea level are the main factors affecting the development of algae in the studied mires.
Lars Söderström, Anders Hagborg, Matt von Konrat and Ana Séneca
The first ever liverwort and hornwort checklist is provided for Paraguay. Despite the high level of biological diversity in Paraguay, there remain very few intensive collecting efforts for liverworts and hornworts in the region since the late 1800’s. We report 2 hornwort taxa and 71 liverwort taxa. The list is based on almost 100 literature references, including monographs, regional studies, and molecular investigations. Given the dramatic loss of habitats in Paraguay coupled with high species diversity in other organisms, further collecting of liverworts and hornworts is critical. There is also the potential to use historical records with contemporary collections to investigate the impact of habitat loss in the area.
Sławomir Kaczmarek, Katarzyna Faleńczyk-Koziróg and Tomasz Marquardt
Abundance dynamics of mites (Acari) in the peatland of ‘Linie’ Nature Reserve, with particular reference to the Gamasida
The research was conducted in ‘Linie’ Nature Reserve within the Lower Vistula Valley Land-scape Park in central Poland. We analysed the annual abundance dynamics of soil mites as well as changes in gamasid community parameters (abundance, age structure, species diversity). Density changes among the juvenile Gamasida greatly influenced the annual abundance dynamics of mites belonging to that order. Alternations in the abundance dynamics of Platyseius italicus and Zercon zelawaiensis were connected to the appearance of males as well as the density increase in juvenile specimens of those species.
Sergei V. Kruskop, Petr Benda, Denis A. Vasenkov and Leonid A. Lavrenchenko
The paper presents results of a first attempt to survey bats of the Alatish National Park (northwestern Ethiopia). Twenty-one bat species belonging to eight families and twelve genera were documented for the first time in the Park, at least two bat species (Hipposideros abae, Pipistrellus nanulus) were found new for the fauna of Ethiopia. The Alatish National Park is an area of high conservation value due to its high bat species diversity and a complex structure of the fauna including elements with various zoogeographic affinities.
This review presents the occurrence of 62 parasitic copepod species from 72 different fish species (64 wild, two cultured, seven from aquarium) from Turkey.
The parasite species list is arranged by providing parasite species name, host fish, location of host fish capture and author, date of published record.
All parasites and their hosts are confirmed with the recent systematic accounts and full taxonomic account according to literature and internet database. Siphonostomatoida with 47 species and Caligidae with 12 species are the dominant order and family among parasitic copepoda with regard to species diversity, host distribution and location.
Agnieszka Pasztaleniec, Maciej Karpowicz and Małgorzata Strzałek
The spatial differentiation of the physico-chemical parameters (KdPAR, pH, DOC, nutrient concentrations) and plankton communities (phytoplankton, Crustacea) was considered in the system: the water column without macrophytes, pleustophytes - lemnids (duckweeds) and hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum. It was demonstrated that at the study sites different habitat conditions occurred, which were related to the macrophyte assemblages. The highest values of the phytoplankton biomass and the greatest algal biodiversity were found in the site without vegetation, in both species-specific and functional terms. Zooplankton, dominated by Copepoda, reached the greatest density and species diversity at the Ceratophyllum site. Despite the substantial differentiation of habitats, the plankton diversity was quite low.
Stanisław Seniczak, Sławomir Kaczmarek, Anna Seniczak and Radomir Rraczyk
Oribatid mites were investigated on Korčula Island (Croatia) in various microhabitats in an open habitat (moss on rock, moss on soil) and in stone pine forest floor (moss, litter, rotting wood) in late August 2004. Special attention was paid to the age structure of species. These mites were rather abundant but their species diversity was low. The highest density was observed in patches of moss in the forest floor, and the lowest density was in rotting wood. Among the oribatid mites, only several species were abundant (Achipteria nitens, Zygoribatula propinqua, Pilogalumna crassiclava, Scheloribates initialis, S. laevigatus, and Tectocepheus velatus). Some species were rich in juveniles, while in others the adults dominated.