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Ecological Innovations in Agricultural Production as a Pro-Development Factor of the Economy

References Agénor, P-R., Neanidis, K.C. (2015). Innovation, public capital, and growth. Journal of Macroeconomics, 44, pp. 257-262. Aghion, P., Bloom N., Blundell, R., Griffith, R., Howitt, P. (2005). Competition and Innovation: An Inverted-U Relationship. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(2), pp. 701-728. Augustowski, Ł., Sługocki, W. (2016). The influx of greenfield foreign direct investments into Poland and the efficiency of Polish labor market in the time of economic crisis. In: J. Babiak, ed., Studies

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A Model of Crisis Prevention (Based on managing change, quality management and risk management)

Abstract

The main task of this research is to create a model that enables an organization to effectively and effeciently resolve its everyday problems and potential incidents in time to prevent them from turning into a crisis. For solving problems, ad hoc measures and activities are often applicable, while incidents can be resolved by applying appropriate, predefined procedures and planned resources. On the other hand, crises are rarely resolvable through the application of any predefined procedures and plans. They demand changes and innovations, as well as a flexible, creative, strategic and sustained response. Therefore, it follows that it is incomparably better to adequately resolve problems and incidents on time, rather than to grapple with a crisis and all the complexity, uncertainty and anxiety that it brings with it. The Model of Crisis prevention presented in this research is based on effectively managing change and conflict, as well as on the synergy of Quality Management Principles and Risk Management Principles.

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What matters: The Formation of University Spin-offs in Europe

References 1. Aldridge, T. T., Audretsch, D. (2011), “The Bayh-Dole act and scientist entrepreneurship”, Research policy, Vol. 40, No. 8, pp.1058-1067. 2. Bercovitz, J., Feldman, M. (2008), “Academic entrepreneurs: Organizational change at the individual level”, Organization Science, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 69-89. 3. Bigliardi, B., Galati, F., Verbano, C. (2013), “Evaluating performance of university spin-off companies: Lessons from Italy”, Journal of technology management & innovation, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 178-188. 4. Chesbrough, H. W. (2006

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Deindustrialization and Implementation of Industry 4.0 - Case of The Republic of Croatia

Building Change the Manufacturing Landscape: An Industry 4.0 Perspective. International Journal of Information and Communication Engineering , Vol 8, No 1. 5. Buhr, D. (2015). Social Innovation Policy for Industry 4.0. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung 6. Clark, C. (1957). The Conditions of Economic Progress London: Macmillan. 7. Cairncross, A. (1982). What is deindustrialisation?, in Deindustrialisation , ed. Franck Blackaby, 5-17. London: National Institute of Economic and Social Research, Economic Policy Papers, Heinemann Educational Books. 8

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Eco-Innovation in Municipalities as an Element of Smaller Agglomerations Sustainable Development - Case Study

REFERENCE Courvisanos, J., Stuart, M., 2014. Innovation economics and the role of the innovative entrepreneur in economic theory . Journal of Innovation Economics & Management 2014/2 (14), 41-46. Doranova, A., Roman, L., Bahn-Walkowiak, B., Wilts, H., O’Brien, M., Giljum, S., Kong,M.A., Hestin, M., 2016. EIO Bi-annual report. Policies and Practices for Eco-Innovation Up-take and Circular Economy Transition. Foltynowicz, Z., 2009, Ekoinnowacyjne szansą na rozwój . Ecomanager 1 (in Polish) Fussler, C., James, P., 1996, Eco-innovation: A

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The role of imitative mechanisms within the economic evolution

equilibrium for a competitive economy. Econometrica 22, 265-290. Bessen, J. & Maskin, E. (2009). Sequential innovation, patents, and imitation. Journal of Economics, 40(4), 611-635. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2171.2009.00081.x Bolton, M. K. (1993). Imitation versus innovation. Lessons to be learned from the Japanese. Organizational Dynamics, 21(3), 30-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/0090-2616 (93)90069-d Cantner, U. (2016). Foundations of economic change-an extended Schumpeterian approach. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 26

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Cultural Reversal: Why Does Obedience Lose with the Initiative?

. Galagan, P. A. (1998). eter Drucker. Training & Development, 52, 22-27. Gallup Study. 2006. Engaged Employees Inspire Company Innovation. Gallup Management Journal. http://gmj.gallup.com/content/24880/Gallup-study-Engaged-Employees-Inpsire-Company.aspx Gardner, J. W. (1990). On leadership. New York, NY: The Free Press. Greenleaf, R. K., Fraker, A. T., & Spears, L. C. (1996). Seeker and servant: Reflections on religious leadership, (Vol. 157). Jossey-Bass Inc Pub. Hamel, G. (2013). What Matters Now. Praha

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Research Activities and their Relation to Economic Performance of Regions in the European Union

, human capital and innovation: the engines of European regional growth in the 1990s”, in Fingleton, B. (Ed.), European regional growth. Advances in Spatial Science, Springer, Berlin, pp. 215-239. 5. Baesu, V., Albulescu, C. T., Farkas, Z. B., Drăghici, A. (2015), “Determinants of the high-tech sector innovation performance in the European Union: a review”, Procedia Technology, Vol. 19, pp. 371-378. 6. Cuaresma, J. C., Doppelhofer, G., Feldkircher, M. (2014), “The determinants of economic growth in European regions”, Regional Studies, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 44

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L1 Use in Language Tests – Investigating Cross-Cultural Dimensions of Language Assessment

Abstract

Objective: Assessment is a crucial part of language teaching, with great effect on learners’ motivation, willingness to study and learning success. Since language assessment is rooted in local policies and cultures of learning, it seems pertinent to look at how opinions on assessment can differ depending on the country of teacher training. The purpose of the paper is to compare Polish and Turkish teacher trainees’ on L1 use and translation in testing.

Methodology: The methodology applied in the paper is a qualitative action research study, where the groups of teacher trainees from Poland and Turkey participating in a telecollaborative project were prompted for reflection on different aspects of cultural appropriacy of language assessment. The data were collected via private diaries and public discussion forums. The corpus of student reflections was subject to qualitative analysis for key concepts, recurrent themes, similarities and differences across the two countries involved in analysis.

Findings: The effect of the local setting in which language instruction is to take place on assessment beliefs and strategies is stronger than that of teacher training. The language testing procedures of the Communicative Approach vary in the two countries under consideration (Poland and Turkey) due to a differing role and status of English in the country, cultural orientations of the society, preferred learning styles and habits, country openness to the Western culture and values as well as societal expectations towards the language teacher. Despite much standardization in language teacher education, significant variation in the shape of language teaching methodology can be attributed to the effect of cultural differences.

Value Added: Telecollaboration in teacher training is promoted as an instructional technique enabling expansion of teacher trainees’ intercultural competence, intercultural communication skills, awareness of the effect of cultural differences on preferred ways of learning and teaching. The cultural appropriacy of language assessment can be achieved through filtering testing methods and techniques to adapt them to the cultural, political and social reality of target users.

Recommendations: The telecollaborative exchange as described in the present paper proves to be an effective vehicle to achieve the purpose of increasing internalization of teacher education and creating better skilled professionals. Since language teaching has become a largely multicultural and multilingual experience, it is necessary to increase teacher trainees’ awareness of cultural appropriacy of its different aspects, including assessment, throughout the teacher training programme.

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Institutions, trust and the high level of innovativeness in the Scandinavian countries

innowacyjności jako filar gospodarki opartej na wiedzy, „ Kwartalnik Kolegium Ekonomiczno-Społecznego Studia i Prace”, nr 2 Internet sources: Global Innovation Index, https://www.globalinnovationindex.org , dostęp: 22.04.2018 Hofstede Insight, https://www.hofstede-insights.com , dostęp: 15.04.2018 https://www.parp.gov.pl/images/PARP_publications/pdf/2016_ekspertyza_nsi.pdf , dostęp: 03.05.2018 Scandinavian-Polish Chamber of Commerce (SPCC), Nordycki Rocznik Statystyczny 2014 – Nowe technologie oraz badania i rozwój w krajach skandynawskich, https

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