Type 1 diabetesmellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic incurable diseases of the developmental age in Europe ( 1 ).
The treatment of T1DM includes insulin therapy with the insulin dose individually adjusted, self-monitoring, proper nutrition, physical activity and health education ( 2 ).
Children and adolescents with T1DM should attend public educational institutions ( 3 , 4 ). Therefore, properly organised diabetes care for a child with T1DM at school or preschool is very important for the proper individual and social
Type 1 diabetesmellitus (T1D) is a chronic disease caused by an immune-mediated destruction of b-cells, resulting in lifelong dependence on exogenous insulin [ 1 ]. The incidence of newly diagnosed T1D in children and adolescents has been increasing rapidly worldwide [ 2 ]. In 1993, the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) study established that in patients with T1D, early near-normalization of blood glucose with glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c ) <7.0% prevents or delays progression of long-term micro-vascular complications [ 3 ]. However, optimizing
Alfredo Briones-Aranda, Javier Ramírez-Carballo, Bernardo Alfredo Romero Gómez, Victor Manuel Vega Villa, Manuela Castellanos Pérez, Esmeralda Garcia Parra and Hugo Roberto Santeliz-Montero
1. American Diabetes Association . Standards of medical care in diabetes 2013. Diabetes Care 36: 11-66, 2013.
2. International Diabetes Federation . International Diabetes Federation. 7th. Brussels, Belgium: 2015. IDF diabetes atlas; pp 1-144. Accessed at: http://www.diabetesatlas.org .
3. Villalpando S, de la Cruz V, Rojas R et al . Prevalence and distribution of type 2 diabetesmellitus in Mexican adult population: a probabilistic survey. Salud Publica Mex 52: 19-26, 2010.
4. Glamočlija U, Jevrić-Čaušević A . Genetic
Petra Gulácsi-Bárdos, Éva Nieszner, Emese Tóth-Zsámboki, Katarína Vargová, Sarolta Leé, Zsófia Horváth, Máté Vámos, Róbert Gábor Kiss and István Préda
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS:
AIX augmentation index
BMI body mass index
ChF change of flow
CVD cardiovascular disease
DM I type 1 diabetesmellitus
DMC diabetes with complications
DMW diabetes without complications
FBF forearm blood flow
HbA1c Hamoglobin A1c
IQR interquartile range
IU international unit
PORH Postocclusive reactive hyperemia
PU perfusion unit
PWV pulse wave velocity
sE-selectin soluble endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1
Cornelia Oanta, Liliana Pasarin, Irina Ursarescu, Alexandra Martu and Silvia Martu
*Presented at the 20 th Congress of the BaSS, Bucharest, 2015
1. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Diagnosis of Diabetes: National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse. Publication No. 09-4642. October 2008. Accessed July 30, 2015.
2. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetesmellitus. Diabetes Care, 2005 Jan; 28(Suppl 1):S37-42.
3. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetesmellitus. Diabetes Care, 2006 Jan; 29(Suppl 1):S43-48.
4. Centers for Disease Control and
Lica Melania Maria, Jakab Zoltan, Crainic Maria and Mihai Adriana
doctor-patient relationship. AMA Arch Intern Med. 1956;97:585-592.
12. Peyrot M1, Rubin RR, Lauritzen T, et al. Resistance to insulin therapy among patients and providers: results of the cross-national Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes, and Needs study (DAWN). Diabetes Care. 2005;28:2673–2679.
13. DCCT Research Group. Implementation of treatment protocols in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Diabetes Care. 1995;18(3):361–376.
14. Green A, Gale E, Patterson CC. Incidence of childhood-onset insulin-dependent diabetesmellitus: the EURODIAB ACE
, Putzu PF, et al. Somatotype in elderly type 2 diabetes patients. Coll Antropol 2007;31(3):733-7.
6. Vikram SY, Shyamal K, Sandhu JS, et al. A study on somatotyping of patients with type 2 diabetesmellitus in Amritsar. Kamla-Raj Anthropologist 2007;9(3):247-9.
7. Akabaliev V, Sivkov S, Nonchev P, Mantarkov M. Somatotype variability and cluster category in schizophrenics and healthy controls dependent on gender. Folia Psychiatrica 2011;2(3):68-75.
8. Toteva M. Somatotype characteristics of sportsmen. [PhD thesis
Sohair B. Fayed, Soha M. Abd El Dayem, Ensaf Khalil, Mona Abd El Kader and Eatemad Abd El Halim
1. Arslan D, Kendirci M, Kurtoglu S, Kula M. Helicobacter pylori infection in children with insulin dependent diabetesmellitus. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2000; 13: 553-556.
2. Gulcelik NE, Kaya E, Demirbas B, Culha C, Koc G, Ozkaya M, Cakal E, Serter R, Aral Y. Helicobacter pylori prevalence in diabetic patients and its relationship with dyspepsia and autonomic neuropathy. J Endocrinol Invest. 2005; 28:214-217.
3. Zelenková J, Soucková A, Kvapil M, Soucek A, Vejvalka J, Segethová J. H. pylori and
Adediran OS, Ohwovoriole AE. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among Nigerians with type 2 diabetesmellitus. Poster presentation. 18 th International Diabetes Federation Congress on Diabetes Metabolism, August 24–29, Paris, France, 4s30–4s31, 2003.
Alberti KG, Zimmet P, Shaw J. Metabolic syndrome – a new worldwide definition. A Consensus Statement from the International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes Med 23, 460–469, 2006.
Alebiosu OC, Odusan BO. Metabolic syndrome in subjects with type 2 diabetesmellitus. J Natl Med Assoc 96
Rade Iljaž, Andrej Brodnik, Tatjana Zrimec and Iztok Cukjati
Diabetesmellitus (DM), defined as a “group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycaemia”, is a very relevant and growing public health problem in all developed countries. Among the most important treatment goals for adults with diabetes are: good glycaemic control (HbA1c<7.0% and fewer hyperglycaemia symptoms), regulation of blood pressure and serum lipids, prevention of complications, and patient education about DM, nutrition and exercise. The measurement of glycated haemoglobin and self-monitoring of blood