The objective of this paper is to outline the main macroeconomic trends in the new member countries of the European Union before the Euro Area debt crisis. In order to achieve this objective, the developments in a wide range of macroeconomic indicators (exchange rates, foreign trade, monetary policy, inflation, price levels, and fiscal balances, sovereign debt, GDP, labour productivity, composition of output and current account balances) have been analyzed. The analysis results in recommendations on the macroeconomic policies the new member countries should have implemented under global crisis condition in accordance with the peculiarities of their economies and their specific national priorities.
Tourism is a significant branch of the service sector in the economies of the European Union. The ever-growing role of tourism ‒ as a result of wage increases and the prolongation of free time ‒ is reflected in many studies. For selected countries and regions characterized by appropriate conditions for tourism development and often accompanied by the lack of other developed sectors of the economy, this is an alternative, for others it complements the service offering. In each case, this phenomenon is worth investigating. The aim of this article is to identify similarities and differences in the tourist development of individual regions of the European Union, taking into account selected factors determining these differences. The study uses a space-time model estimated using GRETL and Eviews. EUROSTAT data for 265 regions at NUTS2 level (without oversea French territories) for 2000‒2015 were used based on availability for selected areas. In addition to the data on tourism intensity, the data on the wealth of the population and their demographic characteristics were taken into account. The results should be helpful in developing regional tourism development strategies.
metodologiczne i teoretyczne geografii , Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Bogucki.
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Dąbrowski, W. 2008: The Internal and External Environment of Civil Society Cooperation Across the EuropeanUnion External Border. Examples from Polish - Russian and Polish - Ukrainian Border Regions. In Vaitekunas, S., Simanskiene, L. and Provaznikova, R. editors, Modeling the European Future: Integrating the Old and the
The European Commission has the initiative to foster the sector of renewable energy and to build an Energy Union, with a common energy market at the level of the European Union, but is this only an utopic vision or is this possible to achieve? The topic of clean energy is very new and of great interest for the European Union, which is shown by the fact that the European Commission recently adopted on the 30th November 2016 the package “Clean Energy for All Europeans”, which contains proposals for the modernization of the energy market at the level of the European Union. But which are the challenges such a project is confronted with? According to the literature, such challenges are related to the process of liberalization of electricity markets. Conflicts between national interest and international actors of the energy market might occur. Due to the oligopolistic structure of the energy market, there are several barriers to the market entry. In order to answer to the research questions, case studies regarding the liberalization of the energy market will be analyzed in a comparative manner, offering an international overview. Furthermore, the legal provisions on which the common energy policy of the European Union relies, will be analyzed, as well as their economic and social impact. The package “Clean Energy for All Europeans” comprises a proposal of the revised Renewable energy Directive, energy efficiency measures and issues related to the Energy Union Governance. It contains as well proposals for the electricity market design, which will be analyzed and the present paper outlines the contribution of this proposal in building a common energy market of the European Union. What role does competition play in implementing the common energy market of the European Union? Which role do competition authorities have in this context? These are interesting aspects to be analyzed in the present paper.
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• Brière, Chloé 2018, ‘Cooperation of Europol and Eurojust with External Partners in the Fight Against Crime: What are the Challenges Ahead?’, DCU Brexit Institute Working Paper No. 1-2018 .
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The aim of the article is to present budget deficit and government debt in the European Union member states, with particular consideration of the countries that belong to the PIIGS group. This paper has focused on the scale of these phenomena, on their reasons and on some attempts made to improve the unfavourable situation. In the main thesis presented in the article, it is stated that budget deficit and general government debt come as significant threats to economic security of the European Union (EU) countries. The research methods that have been applied in the study involve descriptive analysis and statistical data analysis.
Marta Pascual Sáez, Santiago Álvarez-García and Daniela Castañeda Rodríguez
This paper provides new evidence of the impact of government spending on economic growth in the European Union countries. Governments can adjust their levels of spending in order to influence their economies, although the relationship between these variables can be positive or negative, depending on the countries included in the sample, the period of estimation and the variables which reflect the size of the public sector. The results obtained based on regression and panel techniques suggest that government expenditure is not clearly related with economic growth in the European Union countries over the period 1994-2012.
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