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Macroeconomic Trends in the New Member Countries of the European Union Before the Euro Area Debt Crisis

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to outline the main macroeconomic trends in the new member countries of the European Union before the Euro Area debt crisis. In order to achieve this objective, the developments in a wide range of macroeconomic indicators (exchange rates, foreign trade, monetary policy, inflation, price levels, and fiscal balances, sovereign debt, GDP, labour productivity, composition of output and current account balances) have been analyzed. The analysis results in recommendations on the macroeconomic policies the new member countries should have implemented under global crisis condition in accordance with the peculiarities of their economies and their specific national priorities.

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Development of Tourist Traffic in the Regions of the European Union in 2000–2015 – A Spatial and Temporal Analysis

Abstract

Tourism is a significant branch of the service sector in the economies of the European Union. The ever-growing role of tourism ‒ as a result of wage increases and the prolongation of free time ‒ is reflected in many studies. For selected countries and regions characterized by appropriate conditions for tourism development and often accompanied by the lack of other developed sectors of the economy, this is an alternative, for others it complements the service offering. In each case, this phenomenon is worth investigating. The aim of this article is to identify similarities and differences in the tourist development of individual regions of the European Union, taking into account selected factors determining these differences. The study uses a space-time model estimated using GRETL and Eviews. EUROSTAT data for 265 regions at NUTS2 level (without oversea French territories) for 2000‒2015 were used based on availability for selected areas. In addition to the data on tourism intensity, the data on the wealth of the population and their demographic characteristics were taken into account. The results should be helpful in developing regional tourism development strategies.

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Investigating Non-Governmental Organisations Cooperating Across the European Union External Border. Examples from Polish-Russian (Kaliningrad Oblast) And Polish-Ukrainian Border Regions

metodologiczne i teoretyczne geografii , Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Bogucki. Crook, S., Pakulski, J. and Waters, M. 1992: Postmodernization. Change in Advanced Society , CA and New Delhi: Thousand Oak. Dąbrowski, W. 2008: The Internal and External Environment of Civil Society Cooperation Across the European Union External Border. Examples from Polish - Russian and Polish - Ukrainian Border Regions. In Vaitekunas, S., Simanskiene, L. and Provaznikova, R. editors, Modeling the European Future: Integrating the Old and the

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The common energy market of the European Union – utopia or reality?

Abstract

The European Commission has the initiative to foster the sector of renewable energy and to build an Energy Union, with a common energy market at the level of the European Union, but is this only an utopic vision or is this possible to achieve? The topic of clean energy is very new and of great interest for the European Union, which is shown by the fact that the European Commission recently adopted on the 30th November 2016 the package “Clean Energy for All Europeans”, which contains proposals for the modernization of the energy market at the level of the European Union. But which are the challenges such a project is confronted with? According to the literature, such challenges are related to the process of liberalization of electricity markets. Conflicts between national interest and international actors of the energy market might occur. Due to the oligopolistic structure of the energy market, there are several barriers to the market entry. In order to answer to the research questions, case studies regarding the liberalization of the energy market will be analyzed in a comparative manner, offering an international overview. Furthermore, the legal provisions on which the common energy policy of the European Union relies, will be analyzed, as well as their economic and social impact. The package “Clean Energy for All Europeans” comprises a proposal of the revised Renewable energy Directive, energy efficiency measures and issues related to the Energy Union Governance. It contains as well proposals for the electricity market design, which will be analyzed and the present paper outlines the contribution of this proposal in building a common energy market of the European Union. What role does competition play in implementing the common energy market of the European Union? Which role do competition authorities have in this context? These are interesting aspects to be analyzed in the present paper.

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Eurocrisis and the myths of European redistribution: illegitimate, unsustainable, inefficient?

References Agné Hans, 2007, ‘The Myth of International Delegation: limits and suggestions for Democratic Theory in the context of the European Union’, Government and Opposition, XLII(1): 18-45. Alt James, Lassen David Drayer and Wehner Joachim, 2012, ‘Moral Hazard in an Economic Union: Politics, Economics, and Fiscal Gimmickry in Europe’, Political Science and Political Economy Working Paper, No. 05/2012, London School of Economics, Department of Government. Basu Kaushik and Stiglitz Joseph, 2013, ‘International

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Beta Convergence among Former Socialist Countries

Globalization. Cambridge University Press. Borsi, M. T. and Metiu, N. 2015. The evolution of economic convergence in the European Union. Empirical Economics 48 (2): 657-681. Borys, M. M., Polgar, E. K. and Zlate, A. 2008. Real convergence and the determinants of growth in EU candidate and potential candidate countries - a panel data approach. European Central Bank. Colak, O. 2015. Convergence Revisited: Case of EU and Eastern Europe. Regional Science Inquiry 7 (1): 69-81. Consolidated version of the Treaty on the

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A New Form of Democratic Oversight in the EU: The Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group for Europol

References • Brière, Chloé 2018, ‘Cooperation of Europol and Eurojust with External Partners in the Fight Against Crime: What are the Challenges Ahead?’, DCU Brexit Institute Working Paper No. 1-2018 . • Casalena Pier Giorgio, Lupo Nicola and Fasone Cristina, 2013, ‘Commentary on the Protocol No 1 Annexed to the Treaty of Lisbon’, in Blanke Hermann-Josef and Mangiameli Stelio (eds), The Treaty on European Union (TEU). A Commentary , Springer, Heidelberg, 1529-1633. • Cooper Ian, 2019 (forthcoming), ‘The Inter-Parliamentary Conferences of the

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General Government Debt and Budget Deficit as Threats to Economic Security of the European Union Countries

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present budget deficit and government debt in the European Union member states, with particular consideration of the countries that belong to the PIIGS group. This paper has focused on the scale of these phenomena, on their reasons and on some attempts made to improve the unfavourable situation. In the main thesis presented in the article, it is stated that budget deficit and general government debt come as significant threats to economic security of the European Union (EU) countries. The research methods that have been applied in the study involve descriptive analysis and statistical data analysis.

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Government expenditure and economic growth in the European Union countries: New evidence

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence of the impact of government spending on economic growth in the European Union countries. Governments can adjust their levels of spending in order to influence their economies, although the relationship between these variables can be positive or negative, depending on the countries included in the sample, the period of estimation and the variables which reflect the size of the public sector. The results obtained based on regression and panel techniques suggest that government expenditure is not clearly related with economic growth in the European Union countries over the period 1994-2012.

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Selected Measures of Welfare in the Contemporary World Economy and the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy in the European Union

References Borys, T. (2005) Sustainable development indicators , Warszawa-Białystok: Publishing Ekonomia i Środowisko. EUROSTAT. (2009). Sustainable Development in the European Union, 2009 monitoring report of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Brussels: EUROSTAT. Kuznets, S. (1934). National Income 1929-32 , New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. New Economic Foundation. (2009). Happy Planet Index 2.0. 4 July 2009 http

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