This article presents a biographical-professional outline of the career of Núria Puig. The authors place this outline in the Spanish socio-political context stretching from 1976 until the present day. A brief biography is followed successively by descriptions of formal training, mentors, institutional projects, teaching experience, and research. In the conclusion, a general evaluation is made of her professional career.
Comparing Tabloid, Broadsheet and Public Service Traditions in Sweden
Michael Karlsson and Christer Clerwall
Digital media allow for instant tracking of audience behaviour, thus enabling a potential negotiation between journalists’ traditional authority and professional news values, on the one hand, and the audience’s power in terms of ignoring or paying attention to the journalistic outcome, on the other. The present study investigates whether clicks change news values and have an impact on news routines in tabloid, broadsheet and public service newsrooms. The findings indicate that audience metrics bring a new dimension to the news evaluation process regardless of publishing tradition, but that the commercial media seem to keep a closer tab on traffic. In general, journalists strive for a “good mix” between customization to achieve audience satisfaction and a desire for editorial independence.
Emmanuel Chidiebere Eze, John Ebhohimen Idiake and Bashir Olanrewaju Ganiyu
The construction industry plays a significant role in the infrastructure development of many countries. Construction projects suffer from a lot of setbacks despite sophistication and advancement in technology and professionalism. This study, therefore, assessed the factors that triggered the emergence of rework and the benefits derived from eliminating such triggers in the Nigerian construction industry. The study adopted a quantitative survey approach in which a structured questionnaire was adopted as the research instrument. Factor analysis using principal component analysis was adopted to determine the factors that triggered the rework and the pattern of relationship that existed amongst the factors; relative importance index (RII) was used to assess the benefits of eliminating rework triggers. The study concluded that the factors that triggered the emergence of rework were omission and planning issues, change issues, funding and communication issues, and poor workers and resource control. Repeat patronage, higher productivity, and reduced delivery time reduced the rework and waste and improved the employee job satisfaction and morale; they were the benefits derived from eliminating rework triggers. It was recommended that there is a need for clarity, effectiveness, and timeliness of instruction and information dissemination amongst project participants and the participation of contractors, subcontractors, and other stakeholders at the design stages to avoid omissions and construction changes
Nursing knowledge as a response to societal needs: a framework for promoting nursing as a profession
Introduction: As the population needs for health care at the local level become integrated into the global context, nurses are given the opportunity to make a significant contribution to the modernization of the healthcare system and gain importance and recognition from the political perspective. Nursing today is confronted with the needs and demands of both healthy and ill populations — these can be the result of changing demographics, new technologies, a growing awareness of the rights and voiced expectations of service users etc. Slovenian nurses have the opportunity to make a significant contribution to the modernization of the Slovenian healthcare system. This can be achieved by learning from the experiences of other countries and by exploring and addressing existing aspects of the need to gain professional status.
Methods: A review of the international literature indexed in the CINAHL database was performed for the period January - August 2010. The key phrases used were: ‘nursing skills and knowledge’, ‘nursing future and politics’, ‘nursing future and responsibility’, ‘nursing future and leadership’. We used only abstracts in English. A total of 343 abstracts were retrieved and assessed. All abstracts that did not include issues related to the importance of nursing knowledge and the importance of connecting nursing knowledge with patient needs were excluded. Twenty-two articles in total were included. A qualitative synthesis of the conclusions from each of the articles included was conducted, from which content codes were generated. The codes were then placed into content categories.
Results: Forty-seven qualitative codes were identified and semantically divided into 7 categories: public perception of nurses and the importance of knowledge; awareness at the personal and professional levels; adapting health care skills and knowledge, and the number of health care professionals, to future needs; importance of new nursing skills and knowledge, and of skill transfer; research as the source of new knowledge and development; assuming responsibility for conducting evidence-based nursing; emphasizing cooperation and communication.
Discussion: Based on the established qualitative categories in our research, we developed an explanatory model that is a good starting point for reflecting on where nursing is today and where it should be heading in the future, and is recommended for nurses, nursing managers, deans of nursing colleges, officials in nursing associations and others. Research findings are especially relevant for countries in which nursing is currently a poorly developed scientific discipline and in which steps need to be taken fast to promote knowledge development and the role of nurses in society.
The purpose of this paper is to verify the hypothesis assuming that appraisal evaluation in companies is overestimated, especially in the case of male IT professionals. Although a valid and reliable evaluation and assessment method exists, and the Development Center method could be mentioned in this context, competences are not assessed properly enough in business. To achieve this goal, the authors analyzed a competence profile relevant to labour market regarding interns graduated from the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology (P-JIIT). The authors explored the results of competence assessment conducted with the Development Center method, as well as the results of performance evaluation upon the completion of a three-month internship in the leading IT companies. The analysis of differences with respect to gender was made basing on the two sources of information on competences. It is preceded by an introduction outlining the main competence-related issues, the Development Center and the performance evaluation principles and errors, as well as the project for IT graduates carried out in the P-JIIT. The findings of the study show that in terms of the performance women in IT industry are evaluated by employers lower than men. This, however, is not the case when we take into consideration reliable scores of assessment conducted by objective assessors during the processes of Development Center.
Standard labor market models predict that the likelihood of employment increases, hours worked increase, and individuals transition from less-skilled and temporary jobs to more skilled and more stable employment as they age. I examine the association between age and transactional sex work using national household surveys from Zambia, one of the few settings with general population surveys asking women about transactional sex and a relatively high documented prevalence of employment in transactional sex. My results indicate that the likelihood of employment in transactional sex sharply falls with age. Increased employment opportunities outside of transactional sex do not appear to explain the transactional sex employment-age profile and marital status appears to explain only a portion of it. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that clients prefer younger transactional sex workers and suggest that policymakers implement interventions designed to reduce client demand for younger females.
Dariusz Tworzydło, Przemysław Szuba and Marek Zajic
The way of conducting communication during the image crisis is a special type of challenge for the company. Lack of preparation of the company for proper communication management may be crucial in averting and/or reducing the effects of crises. The paper presents the results of research conducted among experts from the PR industry and representatives of the largest Polish enterprises from the 500 List compiled by “Rzeczpospolita” daily newspaper. The vast majority of Polish enterprises show an open-minded approach to crisis communication. Companies from oppressive industries, where crises occur more often, are better prepared for crisis communication. The determinants of effective communication in the situation of image threats are, according to the leaders of public relations agencies, anti-crisis preparation, presence of procedures, openness and honesty in communication processes as well as quick response time.
Yu ShuHong, Malik Zia-ud-Din, Roy Dilawer Khan and Samra Bilal
Profession, 8(1), 11-21.
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