identification. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 92, 285–305  Frejlichowski D. (2011). A Method for Data Extraction from Video Sequences for Automatic Identification of Football Players Based on Their Numbers. In: G. Maino and G. L. Foresti (Eds.): ICIAP 2011, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6978, 355–364  Frejlichowski, D. (2011). Recognition of Trademarks During Sport Television Broadcasts. In: M. Kamel and A. Campilho (Eds.): ICIAR 2011, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6754, 380–388  Frejlichowski, D., Wierzba, P
Patrizia Zagnoli and Elena Radicchi
. T., Giulianotti, R. (2001). Scottish Fans, not English Hooligans! Scots, Scottishness, and Scottish Football'. In C. L. Harrington, D. D. Bielby (Eds.), Popular Culture. Production and Consumption (pp. 314-327). Blackwell Publishing. Freeman, E. R. (1984). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Pitman, Boston: MA. Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., Wicks, A. C. (2007). Managing for stakeholders. Survival, Reputation, and Success. New Haven and London: Yale University Press
Gurutze del Ama Espinosa, Tapani Pöyhönen, José Francisco Aramendi, Juan Carlos Samaniego, José Ignacio Emparanza Knörr and Heikki Kyröläinen
’s soccer injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988–1989 through 2002–2003. J. Athl. Train., 42(2): 278-285. 12. Ekstrand J., M. Hagglund, M. Walden (2009) Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: the UEFA injury study. Br. J. Sports Med., DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582. 13. Fuller C.W., J. Ekstrand, A. Junge, T.E. Andersen, R. Bahr, J. Dvorak, M. Hägglund, P. McCrory, W.H. Meeuwisse (2006) Consensus statement on injury definitions and data collection procedures in studies of football (soccer) injuries
Vasile D.N. Firiţeanu
References 1. Dima M. (2007) Physical preparation of footballers. Bucharest, Publishing Bren; 2. Rădulescu M, Cristea E. (1984) Football training aspects of current juniors. Publishing Sport-Turism, Bucharest; 3. Rădulescu M, Cojocaru V. (2003) Guide football coach - children and youth. Bucharest, Publishing Axis Mundi; 4. Crevoisirer J. (1995) Analiza strategiilor de intervenţie folosite de antrenorii de fotbal. Science et motricite. 25:70-83.
Katarzyna Rutkowska, Józef Bergier and Zbigniew Witkowski
. 15. Hjelm J., The bad female football player: woman’s football in Sweden. Soccer and Society, 2011, 12 (2), 143-158, doi: 10.1080/14660970.2011.548352. 16. Jeanes R., I’m into high heels and make up but I still love football: exploring gender identity and football participation with preadolescent girls. Soccer and Society, 2011,123,402-420, doi: 10.1080/14660970.2011.568107. 17. Stirling L., Schulz J., Women’s Football: still in the hand of men. Sport Management Int J, 2011, 7 (2), 53-78, doi: 10.4127/ch.2011.0060. 18
Pantelis T. Nikolaidis
Study aim: overtraining (OT) has a detrimental effect on sport performance, but it is not clear to what extent it influences physical fitness. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between OT and physical fitness in football players.
Material and methods: a sample of semi-professional male football players (n = 124) performed a series of anthropometric and physical fitness measurements, and completed the 54-item OT questionnaire of the French Society of Sports Medicine.
Results: the OT score was significantly correlated with sit-and-reach test (SAR; rho = −0.20, p < 0.05), theoretical maximal velocity (v0; rho = −0.23, p < 0.05), theoretical maximal force (F0) of the force-velocity test (F-v test; rho = 0.25, p < 0.01) and mean power (Pmean) in W · kg−1 of the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT; rho = −0.20, p < 0.05). The comparison between OT quartiles revealed that the first quartile scored higher than the third quartile in SAR and in v0 (p < 0.05). The fourth quartile scored higher in F0 than the first, second and third quartiles (p < 0.05). The magnitude of these differences among groups was medium.
Conclusions: the negative correlations between OT and physical fitness and the highest scores in fitness for the first OT quartile indicate a negative effect of OT on physical fitness (anaerobic capacity, maximal velocity and flexibility) of football players. In addition, because there is very limited prior relevant research on football players’ OT, our data can be used as reference for future research.
Joanna Szczepaniak and Monika Guszkowska
Introduction. The aim of the study was to determine the causal attributions of success and failure in a football match in a group of football players, as well as to investigate the association of the players’ attributions with their level of achievement and the relationships between their causal attributions and affective states. Material and methods. The study involved 75 football players, including 44 players from the first league and 31 players from the third league. The research was carried out using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) by D.M. McNair, M. Lorr, and L.F. Droppleman and a specially designed questionnaire concerning the causal attributions of success and failure. Results. It was found that the football players who participated in the study tended to attribute success to internal causes and failure to external causes. More frequent use of external attributions most likely had an adverse impact on the mood state of the players. Conclusion. Information concerning the attributions that a given player makes can be useful for coaches, as it can help them develop the athlete’s mental abilities more effectively. Beliefs related to attributions can be modified. It is worth considering the benefits of encouraging internal attributions in the case of success and external attributions in situations of failure.
In order to achieve the great performance, the physical preparation represents one of the most important factors of the sports training. The development of speed, of force resistance and of skill at superior parameters should represent major objectives in the training of the football teams which aim to attain the top of the national and international hierarchies. The results of the assessments of the football games at high level, confirm this hypothesis that is why the physical preparation should be reconsidered and adapted to the requirements of the modern play. According to the opinion of the great specialists of the field, the physical qualities have a weight of 47% compared with the other qualities which a top football player should possess. For us the trainers, it is only about to find the most appropriate means in order to develop and exploit at maximum, those qualities
Cary A. Caro
References 1. Brooker, G., Klastorin, T. (1981). To the Victors Belong the Spoils? College Athletics and Alumni Giving // Social Science Quarterly. Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 744-750. 2. Caro, C. (2012). College Football Success: The Relationship between Recruiting and Winning // International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 139-152. doi: 10.1260/1747-95220.127.116.11. 3. Connolly, M. (2016). $55 Million Clemson Complex Near Completion, Even Has A Nap Room. Internet access: < http
Makram Zghibi, Chamseddine Guinoubi, Nabila Bennour and Naimi Moheiddine
. Zhigbi, M. (2012). Approche sémio-constructiviste et apprentissage de jeu en Football . Editions Universitaires Européennes. (ISBN 9786131546327). Zhigbi, M. (2009). Interactions langagières des élèves et apprentissage en Football: le cas de quatre Classes de 9ème Année de Base en Tunisie . Thèse. Université de Franchecomté.