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Choon Sea Yeat, Marta Szydlik and Aleksandra J. Łukaszewska

Abstract

Alstroemeria is one of the most popular cut flowers in Europe, due to its postharvest longevity and a wide colour palette. However, premature leaf yellowing reduces the ornamental value of the flowering stems even before opening of the secondary florets in cymes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of sucrose, gibberellin and 8-hydroxychinoline citrate as postharvest treatments of cut Alstroemeria ‘Dancing Queen’.

Several “flower models” were used to distinguish the effects of the chemicals on senescence of flowers and leaves in the above cultivar. Flowering stems were harvested in November 2011 and March 2012 and the response to treatments for both dates differed: while the longevity of primary and secondary florets was prolonged by the standard preservative (8-HQC+S) in the autumn, there was no difference for the spring collection date. For the March harvest, the secondary flower buds opened faster than for the November harvest, where bud opening was generally hastened by 8-HQC+S. Also, the flower model affected floret longevity and changed the response to the treatments: florets on defoliated flowering stems responded better to the preservative than those on stems with leaves. Florets from different flower models differed in diameter: those from complete stems were usually larger than those from isolated cymes. The secondary florets were much smaller than the primary florets, especially in isolated cymes. Both, GA3 and the standard preservative significantly increased the second floret diameter in all models; however, there were no additive effects of the treatments. GA3 significantly postponed leaf yellowing in all floral models while the sugar-containing preservative had little effect. Generally, the flower model had significant effect on leaf longevity.

Open access

Ruud van der Weele, Ľuboš Hrivniak, Peter Manko and Jozef Oboňa

, Manko P & Słowińska I. (2016): First record of the rare aquatic dance fly Chelifera aperticauda Collin, 1927 (Diptera: Empididae: Hemerodromiinae) from Slovakia. - Check List 12(3): 1894. Oboňa J., Horvat B. & Novikmec M. (2014): First record of Wiedemannia (Chamaedipsia) mikiana (Bezzi, 1899) (Diptera: Empididae) from Slovakia. - Klapalekiana 50: 235-236. Roháček J. & Ševčík J. (2009): Diptera of the Poľana Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve (Central Slovakia). SNC SR, Administration of the PLA - BR Poľana, Zvolen, 340 pp

Open access

Daniela Lubenova, Ekaterina Titianova and Dance Vasileva

Abstract

AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of a structured physical therapy (PT) programme on the orthostatic reactivity in patients with diabetic neuropathy (DNP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed in 90 patients with DNP (34 male and 56 female, mean ages 60.8 ± 7.8 years) of lower extremities. The orthostatic autoregulation was evaluated using an active orthostatic test. The arterial blood pressure and the heart rate were determined after 10 minutes of rest in lying position before and after 1, 5 and 10 minutes of active standing.

RESULTS: At the start of the study a normotonic orthostatic reactivity (NOR) was observed in 32 patients. Abnormal sympathicotonic type of orthostatic reactivity (SOR) was found in 18 patients and asympaticotonic type of orthostatic reactivity (AOR) was established in the remaining 40 patients. After the PT treatment a significant improvement of the orthostatic autoregulation in the groups with SOR and AOR was not found - NOR was observed in 66 patients with DNP (80.3%) at 6 weeks after the start of PT.

CONCLUSION: The applied structured PT, later continued as a home exercise programme, significantly improved the orthostatic reactivity in patients with orthostatic dysregulation due to DNP.

Open access

Genealogy, Archive, Image

Interpreting Dynastic History in Western India, c.1090-2016

Angma Jhala and Jayasinhji Jhala

Open access

Dance Gudeva Nikovska and Fimka Tozija

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are interrelated and are breaking the fundamental human rights. Both are associated with tuberculosis (TB) disease since ever and have negative influence on activities aimed at TB prevention, treatment and control, both at individual, community and societal level.

AIM: To determine the magnitude of TB stigma in Republic of Macedonia, identify root causes and detect main determinants associated with it.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study was performed on 315 TB patients registered in the period Jul, 2012-Jun, 2013, using selected module from World Health Survey questionnaire. Self-reported data is collected through face to face interview conducted by trained directly observed treatment (DOT) nurses in the patients’ home.

RESULTS: 16.7% TB patients have not received any assistance when diagnosed with TB and 8.4% were treated badly by a member of the family or close friends because of the disease, consequences ranging from living the patient completely, refusal to talk or telling other people that the person is infected. An odd for such behavior were higher if the patient is male, married, have no formal education or have completed only primary school, is unemployed and lives in rural area.

CONCLUSION: Understanding the origins of TB stigma is integral to reducing its impact on health. Our survey has provided a baseline on the magnitude of existent stigma associated with TB disease and has identified main determinants that trigger stigmatizing behavior.

Open access

Prawit Onpanna, Paiboon Daosodsai, Kawin Leelawat and Supatra Porasuphatana

Abstract

Background

Cross-sex hormone (CSH) use is widespread among transsexuals in Thailand. CSHs are used by male-to-female (MtF) transsexuals for feminization.

Objectives

To determine effects of self-medication with CSH on cardiovascular risk biomarkers, C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen (Fb), in Thai MtF transsexuals.

Methods

Data were collected from healthy MtF transsexual cabaret dancers in Pattaya city, Thailand, using a questionnaire and descriptive interview. Blood samples were collected to determine lipid profile, CRP, Fb, and sex hormone levels. ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and logistic regression were analyzed for effects of CSH on biomarkers; comparing CSH users with non-using controls.

Results

We grouped 102 MtF transsexual participants (average age 28 years) as CSH (n = 66) and non-hormone using controls (n = 36). Several female and antimale hormonal products were used in CSH self-medication, with an average 12.5-year exposure. In the CSH group, significantly higher HDL with lower CRP levels and a negative correlation between total cholesterol, LDL, and 17β-estradiol were observed. Risk prevalence analysis exhibited lower prevalence of disease susceptibility in the CSH group. Logistic regression accordingly revealed the effect of CSH on CRP levels with odds ratios of 0.26 (CI 0.1-0.68) and 0.34 (CI 0.13-0.93) in crude and adjusted models, respectively.

Conclusions

Moderate exposure to low doses of CSH use showed no serious risk or health problems in healthy MtF transsexuals in terms of cardiovascular risk biomarkers

Open access

Xiaofei Xu, Jiguo Yang, Zhengxiang Ning and Xuewu Zhang

Abstract

A heteropolysaccharide, named L2, from Lentinula edodes has been proved to possess immunostimulating and anti-ageing activities in previous studies, but its acting mechanism was not completely understood. In this study, 1H NMR spectroscopy approach was employed to investigate the metabolic profiles of the urine from adult mice after L2 intervention. Using principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminate analysis (PLS-DA), 22 potential biomarkers were found to be mainly involved in some metabolic pathways: amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, lipid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, urea cycle and gut microbiota metabolism. Among them, the significantly altered metabolites include: elevated glutamate (75%) and creatine (64%); decreased proline (65%), betaine (58%), fucose (63%) and dimethylamine (59%). In conclusion, the present data is helpful to understand the mechanisms related to previously confirmed immunomodulation and anti-aging effects of L2, and provide valuable information for mining new functions of L2.

Open access

Dmytro Bidyuk

. Tanzplan Deutschland. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.tanzplan-deutschland.de/. 9. Parviainen, J. (2002). Bodily knowledge: epistemological reflections on dance. Dance Research Journal, 34 (1), 11-26. 10. Pędzich, Z. (2012). Choreoterapia. In L. Grzesiuk, & H. Suska (Eds.), Psychoterapia: podręcznik akademicki (pp. 553-565). Warszawa: Eneteia. 11. Sharykov, D. I. (2013). Mystetstvoznavcha dystsyplina khoreolohiia yak fenomen khudozhnoi kultury. Visnyk NAKKKiM. Seriia “Mystetstvoznavstvo”, 1, 113-117. 12

Open access

Dmytro Bidyuk

REFERENCES 1. Bailey, H., Bachler, M., Buckingham Shum, S., Le Blanc, A., Popat, S., Rowley, A., Turner, M. (2009). Dancing on the Grid: Using e-Science Tools to Extend Choreographic Research. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A , Volume 367, No 1898, pp. 2793–2806. 2. Bargeron, D., Gupta, A., Grudin, J., Sanocki, E. (1999). Annotations for Streaming Video on the Web: System Design and Usage Studies. In: Proceedings of the Eighth International World Wide Web Conference (11–14.05.1999). Toronto : Toronto Convention Centre, pp. 1139

Open access

SIGNUM TEMPORIS

Journal of Pedagogy and Psychology; The Journal of Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy