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Biological methods used to assess surface water quality

-46. Arendarczyk A., Zgórska A., Grabiñska-Sota E. 2011 - Toxicity of 1-heksyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride according to selected marine and freshwater organisms - In¿. Ochr. OErodow. 14: 137-143 (in Polish). Armitage P.D., Moss D., Wright J.T., Furse M.T. 1983 - The performance of a new biological water quality score system based on macroinvertebrates over a wide range of unpolluted running-water sites - Water Res. 17: 333-347. Bej A.K., DiCesare J.L., Haff L., Atlas R.M. 1991 - Detection of Escherichia coli and Shigella spp. in water by using

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Evaluation of long-term antibody response and cross-serotype reaction in ducks immunised with recombinant Riemerella anatipestifer outer membrane protein A and CpG ODN

constructs containing three copies of GACGTT motifs enhanced both humoral and cell-mediated immunity elicited by a rOmpA vaccine in ducks up to five weeks after the primary immunisation ( 3 , 8 ). Results from the homologous challenge showed that ducks immunised with a rOmpA + CpG ODN vaccine had a 90%-reduced pathological score in comparison with the control. In the present study, long-term antibody production (up to nine months post-immunisation) and cross-serotype reaction of the antibody were investigated in ducklings immunised with the rOmpA + CpG ODN vaccine

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Effect of pre-treatment on the generation of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV- and prolyl endopeptidase-inhibitory hydrolysates from bovine lung

at half maximum - MS scan ( m / z 300 to m / z 1,600) was performed using Q-Exactive mass spectrometer to select the 12 most intense ions before MS/MS analysis using higher-energy collisional dissociation. The raw data were de novo sequenced and searched against the bovine subset of the UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot database using the search engine of PEAKS Studio 7 for peptides cleaved with no specific enzyme. At least one unique peptide was required to identify a protein. Each peptide used for protein identification met specific PEAKS parameters (only peptide scores

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What would potential future opinion leaders like to know? An explorative study on the perceptions of four wood-based innovations

of future consequences (CFC) ( Strathman et al., 1994 ) before participating in the focus group. The CFS is a survey instrument to assess the extent to which people emphasize short-term or long-term consequences of their behavior. A high score (max. 50) indicates a focus on the future implications of a behavior, whereas a low score (min. 10) indicates a focus on current needs and concerns ( Strathman et al., 1994 ). Furthermore, the questionnaire contained a module on socio-demographic features to characterize the sample. In total, four focus group discussions

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Effects of ketosis in dairy cows on blood biochemical parameters, milk yield and composition, and digestive capacity

( 11 ), reduced reproductive performance ( 28 ), and increased risk of other illnesses, such as fatty liver, displaced abomasum, and metritis ( 23 ). These characteristics are usually indicative of an abnormal digestive capacity. The present study explored whether ketosis modifies milk yield, milk composition, and digestive capacity. Material and Methods Treatments and management . Fourteen Holstein cows with 2–3 parities were selected at 7–14 days postpartum. Cows with body weight of 606.4 ± 80.2 kg, body condition score of 2.86 ± 0.08, and previous lactation

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Impact of g-Load Shift on Temporal Expression Pattern of Apoptosis-linked Proteins in the Rat Mammary Gland

, Fiorentino M, Finn S, Fall K, Andersson SO, Andren O, Loda M, Flavin R (2012) Utility of multispectral imaging in automated quantitative scoring of immunohistochemistry. Journal of Clinical Pathology 65, 496-502. 22447914 10.1136/jclinpath-2012-200734 Fiore C Bailey D Conlon N Wu X Martin N Fiorentino M Finn S Fall K Andersson SO Andren O Loda M Flavin R 2012 Utility of multispectral imaging in automated quantitative scoring of immunohistochemistry Journal of Clinical Pathology 65 496 502 Goilav B (2011

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A Technology Acceptance Model of common bean growers’ intention to adopt Integrated Production in the Brazilian Central Region

usage had a positive effect on intention to use IP. However, the model scored quite modestly in terms of significance level of the relationships among perceived usefulness of IP on growers’ intention to adopt IP. This shows that our modification of Davis model should be rethought due to the relatively weakness of the findings. All in all, the main criticism on our model relies around the variable that Davis first labelled as perceived ease of use (PEOU). The expected positive effect of PEOU on PU of IP (H4: PEOU → PU) was not significant. Our findings confirm

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Economic values for a total merit index of dairy goats in Austria

slaughter weight of approximately 10 kg (e.g., Ringdorfer et al., 2002 ) was considered. For deriving economic values for daily gain, the parameters of the Gompertz curve ( Fitzhugh, 1976 ) were changed in order to shorten the fattening period. As neither dressing percentage nor grading scores are relevant in kids, the average values for these traits ( Table 2 , Table 4 ) were assumed for the reference and all alternative scenarios. 3 Results and Discussion The marginal utilities, genetic standard deviations (s a ), and the economic values per genetic standard

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A critical review of integrated grass weed management in Ireland

( Kumar et al ., 2009 ). The challenge for plant breeders is to identify traits that confer greater suppressive ability without incurring a yield penalty. Unfortunately, there is no reliable index that allows breeders to easily select for increased competition, making a difficult proposition more difficult yet. One of the challenges to future research in this area of IWM will be to develop a simple system of scoring crop traits that contribute to competitive ability ( Hansen et al ., 2008 ). This score could be provided alongside other traits, such as yield, disease

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Behaviour of tail-docked lambs tested in isolation

correctly perceived. The delayed and elevated nociception should also be accounted for when scoring pain in animals, because what is considered as an extreme pain response can be a delayed effect of earlier acute pain. Finally, the reason for the increase in EC frequency on Day 5 is unclear. For the moment, we question whether the observed reactions are related to a potential transition from acute to chronic or no pain, or should they rather be explained by habituation to the testing procedure. Conclusions The hypothesis about differences in behaviour and activity

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