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Cigarette Mainstream Smoke: The Evolution of Methods and Devices for Generation, Exposure and Collection

. Wichern: Zur Frage der N-Nitroso-Verbindungen im Tabakrauch II [On N-Nitroso Compounds in Tobacco Smoke II]; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 3 (1965) 251–262. DOI: 10.2478/cttr-2013-0117 45. Kallianos, A.G., R.E. Means, and J.D. Mold: Effect of Nitrates in Tobacco on the Catechol Yield in Cigarette Smoke; Tob. Sci. 12 (1968) 125–129. 46. Schönherr, H., H.J. Klimisch, and H.P. Harke: Alterung von Cigarettenrauchkondensat: Quantitative Untersuchungen der Artefaktbildung durch Gas- und Partikelphasenreaktionen [Altering of Cigarette Smoke Condensate: Quantitative

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Some Studies of the Effects of Additives on Cigarette Mainstream Smoke Properties. II. Casing Materials and Humectants

-glucopyranosiduronic acid, Item 6230, C 42 H 82 O 16 , mol. wt. 822.94, are listed as glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhizin; CAS RN for Item 6230 is listed as 1405-86-3; CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 75th Edition, 1995, pp. 3-173, 610, 724. 8. Wynder, E.L. and D. Hoffmann: Tobacco and tobacco smoke: Studies in experimental carcinogenesis; Academic Press, New York, N.Y., 1967, see pp. 484-485. 9. Schumacher, J.N., D.A. Colby, and G.L. Shelar: A literature study of licorice; RDM, 1981, No. 10, March 16 (INT-500609291 -9317

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The Composition of Cigarette Smoke: A Catalogue of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

,4-Benzpyrene in cigarette smoke; Tob. Sci. 2 (1958) 130–131. 49. Cardon, S.Z. and E.T. Alvord: The presence of 3,4-benzpyrene in cigarette smoke; Ann. Mtg., Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., Atlanta, GA (December 27, 1955), pp. 1–12. 50. Cardon, S.Z., E.T. Alvord, W.J. Rand, and R. Hitchcock: 3,4-Benzpyrene in the smoke of cigarette paper, tobacco, and cigarettes; Brit. J. Cancer 10 (1956) 485–497. 49a. Carpenter, R.D.: Benzo[ a ]pyrene content of cigarette smoke – Comparison of PM Commander, Marlboro, and

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Nitrogen Fertilization for Optimizing the Quality and Yield of Shade Grown Cuban Cigar Tobacco: Required Nitrogen Amounts, Application Schedules, Adequate Leaf Nitrogen Levels, and Early Season Diagnostic Tests

: Production, chemistry and technology; edited by D.L. Davis and M.T. Nielsen. Blackwell Science, World Agriculture Series, 1999, pp. 440–451. 10. Espino, E.: Cuban Cigar Tobacco. Why Cuban cigars are the world's best; TFH Publications Inc., New Jersey, 1996. 11. Tso, T.C.: Production, physiology and biochemistry of tobacco plant. Ideals, Inc., Beltsville, MD, 1991. 12. MacKown, C.T., S.J. Crafts-Brandner, and T.G. Sutton: Early-season plant nitrate test for leaf yield and nitrate concentration of

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Some Studies of the Effects of Additives on Cigarette Mainstream Smoke Properties. III. Ingredients Reportedly Used in Various Commercial Cigarette Products in the USA and Elsewhere

companies; Covington and Burling, Washington, DC, April 12, 1994, see www.rjrtdocs.com 517941576 –1600. 6. Gaworski, C.L., M.M. Dozier, J.D. Heck, J.M. Ger-hart, N. Rajendran, R.M. David, L.H. Brennecke, and R. Morrisey: Toxicologic evaluation of flavor ingre-dients added to cigarette tobacco: 13-Week inhalation exposures in rats; Inhal. Toxicol. 10 (1998) 357–381. 7. Lloyd, R.A., C.W. Miller, D.L. Roberts, J.A. Giles, J.P. Dickerson, N.H. Nelson, C.E. Rix, and P.H. Ayers: Flue-cured tobacco flavor. I. Essence and

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The Composition of Cigarette Smoke: A Chronology of the Studies of Four Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

, edited by E.L. Wynder and D. Hoffmann, Natl. Cancer Inst. Monograph 28 (1968) 151–172. 139. National Cancer Institute: Report No. 5. Toward less hazardous cigarettes. Summary: Skin painting bioassays using condensate from experimental cigarettes; DHEW Publ. (NIH) (September, 1980). 140. Green, C.R., F.W. Best, M.P. Newell, R.A. Lloyd, and C.W. Miller: Semi-quantitative comparison of smoke from J-10:tobacco and tobacco cigarettes; RDR, 1976, No. 4, February 18, see www.rjrtdocs.com 501004048 -4075; 510628992 -9019

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