attitudes, perceptions and behaviours towards production diseases associated with farm animal welfare Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 455 478
De la Lama, M.G.C., Estevez-Moreno, L.X., Sepulveda, W.S., Estrada-Chavero, M.C., Rayas-Amor, A.A., Villarroel, M. and Maria, G.A. 2017. Mexican consumers’ perceptions and attitudes towards farm animal welfare and willingness to pay for welfare friendly meat products. Meat Science 125 : 106–113. 10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.12.001 De la Lama M.G.C. Estevez-Moreno L.X. Sepulveda W.S. Estrada-Chavero M.C. Rayas
P. Tuohy, J. Humphreys, N.M. Holden, J. O’Loughlin, B. Reidy and O. Fenton
observed pedological attribute ( FAO 2006 ; Mueller et al ., 2007 ; Hartemink and Minasny, 2014 ). Initially each horizon in the soil profile is classified with respect to each of the indicators outlined. Each classification corresponds to a VDA score from which, when combined, soil permeability can be inferred ( Table 1 ).
Visual indicators of soil permeability, their interpretation, assigned visual drainage assessment (VDA) score and weighting (A =10, B = 4, C = 1)
S. Kildea, D.E. Bucar, F. Hutton, S. de la Rosa, T.E. Welch and S. Phelan
pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici to DMI and QoI fungicides in the Nordic-Baltic region – a status European Journal of Plant Pathology 149 669 682
Kildea, S., Dunne, B., Mullins, E., Cooke, L.R., Mercer, P.C. and O’Sullivan, E. 2010. Pyraclostrobin reduces germ tube growth of QoI-resistant Mycosphaerella graminicola pycnidiospores and the severity of septoria tritici blotch on winter wheat. Plant Pathology 59: 1091–1098. 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02348.x
Kildea S. Dunne B. Mullins E. Cooke L.R. Mercer P.C. O’Sullivan E. 2010
D.P. Berry, N. McHugh, E. Wall, K. McDermott and A.C. O’Brien
Impact of paternity errors in cow identification on genetic evaluations and international comparisons Journal of Dairy Science 84 2523 2529
Berry, D.P., McClure, M.C. and Mullen, M.P. 2014. Within-and across-breed imputation of high-density genotypes in dairy and beef cattle from medium and low-density genotypes. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics 131: 165–172. 10.1111/jbg.12067
Berry D.P. McClure M.C. Mullen M.P. 2014 Within-and across-breed imputation of high-density genotypes in dairy and beef cattle from medium and low
at joining, number of lambs reared per ewe joined and litter size are presented in Figure 11a , b and c , respectively. Live weight at joining exhibited a significant quadratic pattern over time ( P < 0.01). There was no evidence of any time trend for the number of lambs reared per ewe joined or for fertility. There was, however, a negative linear trend in litter size ( P < 0.05); the value for 1998 was a significant ( P < 0.025) outlier.
Growth performance of immature sheep: a) cumulative gain in live weight by flock replacements on the hill
O. Fenton, S. Vero, R.P.O. Schulte, L. O’Sullivan, G. Bondi and R.E. Creamer
-setting Geoderma 120 215 225
Dexter, A.R. 2004c. Soil physical quality: part III: Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and general conclusions about S theory. Geoderma 120 : 227–239. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2003.09.006 Dexter A.R. 2004c Soil physical quality: part III: Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and general conclusions about S theory Geoderma 120 227 239
Dexter, A.R. and Czyż, E.A. 2007. Applications of S-theory in the study of soil physical degradation and its consequences. Land Degradation and Development 18 : 369–381. 10.1002/ldr.779 Dexter A.R. Czyż
N.W. Sneddon, N. Lopez-Villalobos, R.E. Hickson, S.R. Davis, U. Geary, D.J. Garrick and L. Shalloo
Costs for production of each tonne of product are shown in Table 1 . These costs were converted to US$ from those in Geary et al . (2010) using the same conversion factor
R. Byrne, J. Spink, R. Freckleton, P. Neve and S. Barth
Walsh Fellowship scheme for their continued assistance, mentorship and funding of this research.
Andrew, I.K.S., Storkey, J. and Sparkes, D.L. 2015. A review of the potential for competitive cereal cultivars as a tool in integrated weed management. Weed Research 55 : 239–248. 10.1111/wre.12137 Andrew I.K.S. Storkey J. Sparkes D.L. 2015 A review of the potential for competitive cereal cultivars as a tool in integrated weed management Weed Research 55 239 248
Barroso, J., Navarrete, L., Sánchez del Arco, M.J., Fernandez-Quintanilla, C., Lutman, P
A. Efretuei, M. Gooding, E. White, J. Spink and R. Hackett
2011, 18 June 2012) and at maturity (9 August 2011; 13 August 2012), just prior to combine harvest. At GS 30, samples were only collected from the unfertilized treatment. All plots were sampled at anthesis and maturity. On each occasion, plants from two adjacent 0.5 m row lengths at two random locations (equivalent to a sampling area of 0.308 m 2 ) were sampled. Roots were removed and samples were dried in a force-ventilated oven for 3 d at 70°C and dry matter (DM) yield determined.
At maturity, prior to oven-drying, the total number of ears in each sample was