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Application of Virtual Reality in Competitive Athletes – A Review

Introduction One of the fundamental aims of participating in sport is to maximise athletes’ performance. Research and innovation technology provide an increasing number of information about technical and tactical sport profiles, supporting physical training. In recent years, virtual reality technology (VR) has been often used in many areas of science, finding an application in military, education, mental health, medical therapy and sport. VR is a visual‐based computer simulation which can reproduce a realistic and controlled environment. Its definition is

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Monitoring Changes Over a Training Macrocycle in Regional Age‐Group Swimmers

Introduction Swimming performance depends on the complex relationships between technique, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, as well as psychological factors and power ( Zmijewski et al. 2018 ). Therefore, evaluation of swimmers and training control are fundamental to better understand the interdependence between training variables ( Fernandes and Vilas‐Boas, 2012 ), allowing performance prediction and a follow‐up of training process adaptations ( Anderson et al., 2006 ; Costa et al., 2012 ; Lätt et al., 2010 ). These data provide relevant information for

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The Acute Effects of High‐Intensity Cycling Exercise on Arterial Stiffness in Adolescent Wrestlers

‐intensity, dynamic, acute cycling exercise on arterial stiffness, but also the relationship with the anaerobic performance of adolescent elite wrestlers. In the same way as acute resistance exercises, high‐intensity cycling exercises increase short‐term arterial stiffness ( Rakobowchuk et al., 2009 ; Rossow et al., 2010 ). With stiffening of the arterial walls together with increased systolic pressure and reduced diastolic pressure, high pulse pressure (PP) occurs. In healthy individuals, large arteries reduce the amplitude of undulations in the flow and pressure and provide

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Influence of Strength and Power Capacity on Change of Direction Speed and Deficit in Elite Team-Sport Athletes

the main determinants of COD performance in team-sport athletes ( Chaouachi et al., 2012 ; Delaney et al., 2015 ; Gabbett et al., 2008 ; Thomas et al., 2018 ). Since multiple accelerations and decelerations are present in COD tasks, it is reasonable to assume that the ability to effectively accelerate and achieve higher velocities over short distances is potentially the most important factor contributing to rapid changes in movement direction. Accordingly, previous studies have shown that different speed qualities ( Condello et al., 2013 ; Freitas et al., 2019

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Trends of Goal Scoring Patterns in Soccer: A Retrospective Analysis of Five Successive FIFA World Cup Tournaments

Introduction Soccer is undoubtedly the world’s most popular sport, played by more than 240 million people as members of 1.4 million teams ( Acar et al., 2009 ). It was reported that the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil attracted a global television audience of 3.2 billion people, with more than one billion people watching the final (FIFA, 2015). Of course, the soccer World Cup provides an opportunity to observe the best teams and players in the world. In addition to the anthropometric, psychological, and physiological research, performance analysis among soccer

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Relationship Between Motor Variability, Accuracy, and Ball Speed in the Tennis Serve

of practice and variability of execution in flat tennis service. Motricidad. Eur J Hum Mov 2010; 25: 1-21. Mendes P, Mendes, RM, Fuentes JP, Campos FJ, Menayo R and Araújo D. Performance factors in the first serve in competitive tennis players. Rev. Educ. Fis./UEM. 2011; 22 (3): 315-326. Messier J, Kalaska JF. Comparison of variability of initial kinematics and endpoints of reaching movements. Exp Brain Res 1999; 125: 139-152. Miller SA. Variability in basketball shooting: practical

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Associations Between Self-Determined Motivation, Team Potency, and Self-Talk in Team Sports

Introduction Self-talk, defined as “the cognitions shown as an internal dialogue in which individuals interpret their feelings and perceptions, regulate and change evaluations and give themselves advice and support to their conduct and cognitive structure” ( Latinjak et al., 2011 ), is one of the most important variables in an individual’s behavior and emotions ( Van Raalte et al., 2016 ). In the context of sport psychology, this variable is crucial in sport performance, because this knowledge will allow the athlete to identify and modify the maladaptive

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Game Performance and Length of Rally in Professional Padel Players

-competition requirements and game dynamics in padel is still limited ( Carrasco et al., 2011 ; Courel-Ibáñez et al., 2015 ). In modern racket sports such as padel, a better understanding of temporal structure and game performance is needed for playing and training according to specific performance indicators ( Drust, 2010 ; Hughes and Bartlett, 2002 ; O’Donoghue, 2009 ). This information may assist coaches in designing specific practice environments that represent competition constraints ( Araújo and Davids, 2009 ; Araujo et al., 2006 ). Besides, competition-specific preparation has

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Jump Performance During Official Matches in Elite Volleyball Players: A Pilot Study

Introduction Volleyball is a non-invasive net sport. Teams perform alternative high-intensity actions of passing a ball and trying to send it to the opponent’s court ( Sheppard et al., 2007 ). The actions that involve jumps and are done near the net (e.g., spike and block) have a higher impact on performance ( Voigt and Vetter, 2003 ). Player’s anthropometry, technique, and vertical jump height are critical for the execution of such actions. For this reason, part of training of volleyball players focuses on the development of one’s jumping ability ( Freitas

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Short-Term Repeated-Sprint Training (Straight Sprint vs. Changes of Direction) in Soccer Players

component for team sports (Redkva et al., 2017; Taylor et al., 2015 , 2016b ), since it is a widely implemented methodology for enhancing functional performance in soccer at any level ( Born et al., 2016 ; Impellizzeri et al., 2008 ). Many publications support the validity of this methodology and the association between repeated-sprint tests and physical performance during soccer games ( Bishop et al., 2011 ; Impellizzeri et al., 2008 ). RST is based on replications of short maximal sprints interspersed with a brief recovery time ( Ferrari Bravo et al., 2008

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