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The effect of the MTHFR C677T mutation on athletic performance and the homocysteine level of soccer players and sedentary individuals

effects on the independent cardiovascular risk factors, particularly on the Hcy metabolism. The effects of these variables can vary with the unique genetic make-up of an individual. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to investigate athletic performance and homocysteine levels in relation to the MTHFR C677T mutation and to explore the relationship between this mutation and other cardiac risk factors. The secondary objective was to determine which alleles of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism were associated with high levels of Hcy, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL

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The Effects of 24 weeks of Resistance Training with Simultaneous Elastic and Free Weight Loading on Muscular Performance of Novice Lifters

coactivation after isometric resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1992; 73: 911-917. Coker CA, Berning JM, Briggs DL. A preliminary investigation of the biomechanical and perceptual influence of chain resistance on the performance of the snatch. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association, 2006; 20: 887-891. Cronin J, McNair PJ, Marshall RN. The effects of bungy weight training on muscle function and functional performance. Journal of Sports Science, 2003; 21

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Effects of the Sports Level, Format of the Game and Task Condition on Heart Rate Responses, Technical and Tactical Performance of Youth Basketball Players

Introduction Small-sided games (SSGs) are smaller versions of competition ( Halouani et al., 2014 ; Owen et al., 2004 ). For that reason, SSG are frequently used by coaches in training contexts to simultaneously develop fitness and technical/tactical performance ( Clemente et al., 2014 ; Krustrup et al., 2010 ; Little, 2009 ). In order to identify the impact that these games have on players, their effects on acute physiological responses (heart rate, blood lactate concentration or perceived exertion), time-motion profiles (distance covered, speed

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Incentive System in Hungarian High Performance Sport

Abstract

This study will attempt to describe the role of existing incentives which have a significant effect on Hungarian sport's performance. The aim of the paper is to understand why a large gap has emerged between successful elite sports and the popular but underperforming spectacular sport. According to the concept of dual competition, in addition to sport results, the analyzed fields also concern competition for resources, particularly for the attention of supporters and sponsors. The methodology of the analysis is fundamentally economic in nature; however, qualitative methods are also given emphasis, as the analyzed topic has specific characteristics. Based on new institutional economics, the study presumes that the behavior of organizations is determined by the decisions of bounded rational individuals, and highlights the significance of the created mechanisms and institutions.

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Application of Virtual Reality in Competitive Athletes – A Review

Introduction One of the fundamental aims of participating in sport is to maximise athletes’ performance. Research and innovation technology provide an increasing number of information about technical and tactical sport profiles, supporting physical training. In recent years, virtual reality technology (VR) has been often used in many areas of science, finding an application in military, education, mental health, medical therapy and sport. VR is a visual‐based computer simulation which can reproduce a realistic and controlled environment. Its definition is

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Monitoring Changes Over a Training Macrocycle in Regional Age‐Group Swimmers

Introduction Swimming performance depends on the complex relationships between technique, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, as well as psychological factors and power ( Zmijewski et al. 2018 ). Therefore, evaluation of swimmers and training control are fundamental to better understand the interdependence between training variables ( Fernandes and Vilas‐Boas, 2012 ), allowing performance prediction and a follow‐up of training process adaptations ( Anderson et al., 2006 ; Costa et al., 2012 ; Lätt et al., 2010 ). These data provide relevant information for

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Technical Performance and Perceived Exertion Variations Between Small-Sided Basketball Games in Under-14 and Under-16 Competitive Levels

Under-14 (N = 10) Under-16 (N = 10) Age (years old) 12.0 (0.8) 14.3 (0.5) Body height (cm) 161.0 (7.2) 170.7 (9.8) Body mass (kg) 57.4 (15.3) 67.2 (17.7) Experience (years) 3.1 (0.4) 4.6 (0.7) Design and Procedures A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze the variations of technical performance and perceived exertion during different SSGs between under-14 and under-16 players. Comparisons between SSG formats within age groups were also executed. The study was conducted 14 weeks after the beginning of the

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The Acute Effects of High‐Intensity Cycling Exercise on Arterial Stiffness in Adolescent Wrestlers

‐intensity, dynamic, acute cycling exercise on arterial stiffness, but also the relationship with the anaerobic performance of adolescent elite wrestlers. In the same way as acute resistance exercises, high‐intensity cycling exercises increase short‐term arterial stiffness ( Rakobowchuk et al., 2009 ; Rossow et al., 2010 ). With stiffening of the arterial walls together with increased systolic pressure and reduced diastolic pressure, high pulse pressure (PP) occurs. In healthy individuals, large arteries reduce the amplitude of undulations in the flow and pressure and provide

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Influence of Strength and Power Capacity on Change of Direction Speed and Deficit in Elite Team-Sport Athletes

the main determinants of COD performance in team-sport athletes ( Chaouachi et al., 2012 ; Delaney et al., 2015 ; Gabbett et al., 2008 ; Thomas et al., 2018 ). Since multiple accelerations and decelerations are present in COD tasks, it is reasonable to assume that the ability to effectively accelerate and achieve higher velocities over short distances is potentially the most important factor contributing to rapid changes in movement direction. Accordingly, previous studies have shown that different speed qualities ( Condello et al., 2013 ; Freitas et al., 2019

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Trends of Goal Scoring Patterns in Soccer: A Retrospective Analysis of Five Successive FIFA World Cup Tournaments

Introduction Soccer is undoubtedly the world’s most popular sport, played by more than 240 million people as members of 1.4 million teams ( Acar et al., 2009 ). It was reported that the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil attracted a global television audience of 3.2 billion people, with more than one billion people watching the final (FIFA, 2015). Of course, the soccer World Cup provides an opportunity to observe the best teams and players in the world. In addition to the anthropometric, psychological, and physiological research, performance analysis among soccer

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