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Grażyna Korzeniak

.1.1_revised-full.pdf, DoA: 23.05.2013 ESPON 1.4.1 ‘The Role of Small and Medium-Sized Towns (SMESTO)’, Final Report. Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR) (Austrian Institute for Regional Studies and Spatial Planning - in German), Vienna, May 2006, available at: http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/SmallMediumCities/fr-1.4.1_revised-full.pdf, DoA: 23.05.2013 ESPON 1.4.3 ‘Study on Urban Functions’, Final Report, 2007, available at: http

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Marcin Smoleński

Abstract

This paper deals with the market segmentation of recreational forest services using the concept of ‘sensation seeking’ to describe expectations of town dwellers towards recreation. In this approach, the variable of landscape dissimilarity is evaluated based on the landscape preferences of town dwellers for recreational purposes. The urban agglomeration of Białystok and the Knyszyn Forest (North-Eastern Poland) were chosen as the target for this case study. The results of the research suggest that the potential market of recreational forest services of the urban agglomeration of Białystok includes and provides for about 30% of the inhabitants. The emerging true market of the recreational services of the Knyszyn Forest reaches only about 22% of the inhabitants of Białystok. These market limitations and the characteristics of the forest landscape are inacceptable for outdoor recreation for the majority of town dwellers.

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Ágnes Sallay, Zsuzsanna Mikházi, Klaudia Mátá, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Krisztina Filepné Kovács, István Valánszki and László Kollányi

. Ecological Economics 67(3), 394-404. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.012. [6] Czerny, M., van Lindert, P. & Verkoren, O. (1997). Small and intermediate towns in Latin American rural and regional Development (pp. 1-14). In Lindert, van P. & Verkoren, O., eds., Small Towns and Beyond: Rural Transformation and Small Urban Centres in Latin America, Amsterdam: Thela Publishers. [7] Eriksson, G. A. (1979). Tourism at the Finnish–Swedish–Norwegian borders (pp. 151-162). In Gruber, G., Lamping, H., Lutz, W., Matznetter, J. & Vorlaufer, K., eds., Tourism and Borders

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Iwona Markuszewska, Minna Tanskanen and Josep Vila Subirós

Convergence of Countries to Transnational Relations between Peoples. Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB), Discussion Paper No. SP I 2004-201. Delhey J., 2005. Das Abenteuer der Europäisierung. Überlegungen zu einem soziologischen Begriff europäischer Integration und zur Stellung der Soziologie zu den Integration Studies. Soziologie 34(1): 7-27. Dołzbłasz S., 2015. Symmetry or asymmetry? Cross-border openness of service providers in Polish-Czech and Polish- German border towns. Moravian Geographical Reports 23(1): 2

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Wiktor Głowacki, Janusz Komenda, Magdalena Zalasińska, Ilona Morawska and František Imrich

is fully dedicated to spatial planning. It contains five tasks of spatial planning recognised as issues that require the special attention of the parties: transboundary transport, infrastructure and services; conservation and sustainable use of natural resources; coherent town and country planning in border areas; preventing cross-border pollution as well as integrated land use planning and environmental impact assessment. Article 11 concerns cultural heritage. It contains a list of items that the Party countries intend to preserve: traditional architecture; land

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Sylwia Dołzbłasz

Inclusive Territories, European Union. GERBER, J., LARA, F., DE LA PARRA, C. (2010): Re-imagining the U.S.-Mexico Border: Policies towards a More Competitive and Sustainable Transborder Region. Global Economy Journal 10(4): 1–17. JAŃCZAK, J. [ed.] (2009): Conflict and Cooperation in Divided Cities. Thematicon, 14. Berlin, Logos Verlag. JAŃCZAK, J. (2013): Border Twin Towns in Europe. Cross-border Cooperation at a Local Level, Berlin: Logos Verlag. JOENNIEMI, P., SERGUNIN, A. (2011): When two aspire to become one: city-twinning in Northern Europe

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Marcin Smoleński

Abstract

This paper focuses on the market segmentation of recreational forest services using the concept of ‘sensation seeking’ for describing recreational expectations of town dwellers. The physical activity of town dwellers from the urban agglomeration of Białystok and the Knyszyn Forest (North-Eastern Poland) during outdoor recreation was analysed using this concept. The results of this research suggest that less than thirty percent of inhabitants of the Białystok agglomeration tend to be physically active during outdoor recreation. This is evidence of a low level of physical culture within the part of the society analysed in this study. Amongst all participants, only seven percent use the Knyszyn Forest for recreational purposes based on physical activity. The limited interest in active recreation in forests that we observed can be attributed to two main causes: 1) the lack of acceptance of a closed forest landscape as a recreational area; 2) the lack of recreational facilities in the Knyszyn Forest that would encourage healthy behaviour during active outdoor recreation.

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Maija Halonen, Juha Kotilainen, Markku Tykkyläinen and Eero Vatanen

.1080/17421770903317652. [117] Tike (2013). Statistics of active farms in Lieksa 1990 - 2010. Agricultural Statistics, Farm Register. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. [118] Tuhkunen, A. (2007). Between Location and a Sense of Place. Tampere: Acta Universitatis Tamperensis, 1207. [119] Tykkyläinen, M. (1992). Solutions to mine closure in Outokumpu. In: Neil, C., Tykkyläinen, M. & Bradbury, J. (eds.) Coping with Closure: An International Comparison of Mine Town Experiences, London & New York: Routledge, pp. 225

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Shelley Kotze

Country National Research Flagship Report series). Glen Osmond, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Available at: http://www.clw.csiro.au/publications/waterforahealthycountry/2008/wfhc-MDB-Environmental-Values.pdf, DOA: 05.01.2018. City of Cape Town, 2010: City of Cape Town nature reserves: A network of amazing biodiversity. Available at: https://www.capetown.gov.za/en/EnvironmentalResourceManagement/publications/Documents/CCT_Nature_Reserves_book_2010-02.pdf, DoA:14.03.2012. City of Cape Town, 2011

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Zoltán Bujdosó, Lóránt Dávid and Gulmira Uakhitova

catchment area of towns - in Hungarian). In: Államigazgatási Szervezési Intézet , Budapest: Közigazgatási és Jogi Kiadó, p. 97. Beluszky, P., 1999: Magyarország településföldrajza (Settlement geography of Hungary - in Hungarian), Budapest- Pécs: Dialóg-Campus Kiadó, p. 584. Berényi, I., 1988: A határmenti térségek kutatásának szociálgeográfiai aspektusai (Sociogeographical aspects of the research of border regions - in Hungarian) In: Erdősi, F. and Tóth, J. editors, A terület és településfejlődés társadalmi-gazdasági folyamatai