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Association of Classroom Environment with Academic Achievement of Secondary School Girls in Pakistan

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to find out the association of classroom environment with the academic achievement of secondary school girls in Pakistan. The population of the study was 1104 Secondary School Teachers SSTs / Trained Graduate Teachers TGTs (Female), 5628 secondary school girls in 64 Federal Government Girls Secondary Schools. Multistage sampling was used in the present research. Three categories of schools (Large, Medium, Small) were constructed for research purpose on the basis of the number of students who appeared in SSC-I annual examination 2014 by a federal board of intermediate and secondary education Islamabad. The objectives of the study were to find out the nature of the classroom environment at girls secondary schools and to identify the association of classroom environment with the academic achievement of girls at secondary school level. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested with the help of statistical tests to achieve the objectives of the study. The study was descriptive in nature and survey technique was used to collect data from respondents. Data were collected on various aspects of the classroom environment, including temperature, furniture and fixture, arrangement of furniture, air, light, writing board facilities. The tool consisting of fourteen statements on classroom environment was getting validated from four experts to determine content validity. Reliability of the research instrument was determined by using Cronbach Alpha based which was. 855. The analysis of the collected data was carried out by using two non parametric statistical tests, i.e. (i) Chi Square test, (ii) Mann Whitney U test. There was a positive association between the classroom environment and academic achievement of girls at secondary school level.

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Framing “the Other” in Times of Conflicts: CNN’s Coverage of the 2003 Iraq War

Abstract

This study is explored by a qualitative analysis of visual media practices in times of international conflicts. The analysis focuses on one of the leading sources of television news in the world, namely CNN, during its coverage of the 2003 Iraq War. Due to its national and international character and its popularity in coverage of war and international conflicts, CNN is thought of as a world leader in covering global conflicts. Accordingly, this research is directed toward the ways public perceptions were formed about particular ideas through CNN’s coverage. In order to develop an accurate sense of the programming that aired during the period under study, a qualitative content analysis was conducted in which a selected sample was selected and analyzed. This sample consisted of 20 CNN news stories during the first two months of the 2003 Iraq War. Relying on transcripts and videotapes of the key events of the first two months of the 2003 Iraq War CNN’ such as “Decapitation Strike”, “Shock and Awe”, Toppling of Saddam’s Statue and the bombing of Al Jazeera Office in Iraq, the qualitative analysis aims at discerning intonation, verbal and visual emphases and the subtle cues that are uniquely embedded in the visual medium. The analytical tool that is used to conduct the qualitative analysis of the selected sequences from CNN’s coverage of the 2003 Iraq War is grounded in framing analysis. The content and qualitative framing analysis of the selected sample of the CNN’s news stories about the 2003 Iraq War reveal that CNN echoed the American centered perspectives, aligning with the official war narrative supporting the war cause, and abiding by the U.S. military censorship measures.

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Negotiation of Agreements with Government Agencies as an Approach for More Space and Opportunities for the Private Sector: The Features of the Albanian Reality

References Fisher R., Ury W., Patton B. (1991). Getting to YES: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. New York: Penguin Books. Gruenfeld, D., & Berger, G. (2002). Power and communication. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the International Association for Conflict Management, (pp. 23-37). Salt Lake City, USA. Patterson K., Grenny J., McMillan R., Switzler A. (2002). Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When the Stakes are High. New York: McGraw-Hill. Robert H. Mnookin, Scott R

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The Problem of Policy Coordination in a Newly Decentralised Government: A Study of Policy Implementation in the Province of Bali, Indonesia

Reference Babbie, E. R. (2014). The practice of social research. (14th Ed.). Boston: Cengage Learning. Bohatova, Z., Schakcz, P., Schavewarova, L., Babdlerova, A., & Ticik V., Mural. (2015). Polish Journal of Management Studies,12,2. Brinkerholl, D. W. & Benjamin L. C. (2002). Managing policy reform, concepts and tools for decision makers in developing and transitioning countries. Bloomfield: Kumarian Press Inc. Caroline. A., & Goldsmith, M (1998). From local government to local governance: and beyond?. International Political Science

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Multidimensional Poverty in Côte d'Ivoire: A Measure by the Fuzzy Set Theory

References Banque Mondiale 2001, Combattre la pauvreté, Eska, Paris. Rapport sur le Développement dans le monde 2000/2001. Banque Mondiale 2012, The On-Line Tool for Poverty Measurement Developed by the Development Research Group of the World Bank, Banque mondiale, Washington. Banque mondiale 2013, Indicateurs du développement dans le monde (base de données), http://databank.worldbank.org/data/home.aspx. Foster J., Greer J. et Thorbecke E., 1984, « A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures

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Intellectual Property Law, Protection of the Rights, Its Importance in Our Country

, 2012. AllLaw - Protecting Intellectual Property: How and Why, by: Chris Hinson http://www.alllaw.com/articles/intellectual_property/article5.asp Newman E. H. Constructive Control: Design and Use of Control Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, Nj.1975. Industrial Performance Analysis, 1987-1988 edn, ICC Business Policy and Management Hedrick Capacity,2nd edn Irwin, Homewood, IL, 1985. Bishop, E. B. “ROCE as s Tool for Planning and Control”, Long Range Planning, 2,4, 1969, 80-7. WIPO

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Adaptation of Collaborative Learning and Synectics Learning System for the Development of a Virtual Classroom for Educational College Creative Thinking at Roi Et Rajabhat University

Abstract

This research is aimed at Developing a virtual classroom model using shared learning and syntactic learning To develop creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University by researching and developing 3 steps of research: 1) Create a virtual classroom style using shared learning and Synthetics learning to develop creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University. 2) Study the results of using the virtual classroom format by using joint learning and synthetics learning to develop the creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University. 3) Presenting a virtual classroom using shared learning and Synthetics learning to develop the creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University. The sample group consists of undergraduate students, Bachelor of Education Program Roi Et Rajabhat University Early Childhood Education Select by group sampling method (Cluster Sampling) The experimental group consisted of 30 students studying with a virtual classroom model using common learning and Synthetics learning to develop the creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University with a control group of 32 people, normal students, statistics used to analyze data such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation Non-independent test statistics and independent test statistics and statistics for testing the relationship by value Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Upon completion of the comparative study of achievement and study the satisfaction of students towards learning in a virtual classroom model Data analysis using mean, standard deviation T-test, the research found that; 1. Virtual classrooms using collaborative learning and synthetics to develop the creativity of the College of Education students Roi Et Rajabhat University is comprised of 6 components, namely 1) Learning system on virtual classroom 2) Communication and collaboration tools 3) Media content and learning resources 4) Student and instructor roles 5) Large group and sub-group 6) Learning Evaluation for the learning process together with 3 steps: 1) Process before class 2) Procedure during study consists of sub steps, which are 2.1) preparation for learners 2.2) classes consist of activities in large groups; stimulation and pulling ideas to create motivation, telling purpose, review previous knowledge, learn and present lessons, set the topic of the work by voting, point out learning methods and join activities in small groups (Activities in small groups set topics by voting, prepare and seek information, brainstorming, create works presenting work within a small group, comment vote to vote in large group showing comments, votes, votes and 3) evaluation 3 to 5 qualified persons assessed to certify the virtual classroom format by using mutual learning and learning of synthetics teaching to develop the creativity of higher education students in the field of education, education, science and related fields. There is a comment on the model developed by agreeing the most.

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The Development of the Creative Tourism’s Model within the Peranakan Culture in Andaman Folkway of Life at the Southern Part of Thailand beyond the Authenticity Trend: The Old Fashion Improve for the Modernization

Abstract

The objectives of this research were 1) to study, collect, analyze, synthesize, and extract lessons learned from primary and secondary data of creative tourism and the principle of Authenticity Trend in the context of 5 Andaman provinces; 2) to study, explore, and collect the academic knowledge related to the Peranakan culture; 3) to search for some activities that are suitable for the context of creative tourism in 5 provinces (Ranong, Krabi, Pang-nga, Trang and Phuket); and 4) to develop and evaluate the creative tourism model. This research used a mixed method between the quantitative and qualitative. There were 2 sampling groups; A) the quantitative method was collected from Thai and foreign tourists in the amount of 800 persons and B) the qualitative method was also collected from the heads of the department, officers, professors who are related to the tourism in the amount of 9 persons and the community leaders, knowledgeable persons, and experts in the amount of 40 persons. The tools for gathering the quantitative data was a questionnaire with reliability in 0.95 and the structural interview from a qualitative method. Then the data were analyzed by the statistical in term of percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Scheffe method. The results were revealed that 1. In the quantitative data, the overall results were at a high level of demand as follows: A) the model should have a necessary information about creative tourism for a tourist in a high level of demand in 3.97; B) the trend for promoting the cultural tourism in 5 provinces should be following the principle of Authenticity Trend in a high level of demand in 3.96; C) the activities in promoting the creative tourism should be related with the Peranakan’s culture in a high level of demand in 3.98; D) the community should be participated in Peranakan’s cultural tourism development in a high level of demand in 4.02; and then E) it should have a form of cultural tourism management by the community with a high level of demand in 3.94. 2. In the qualitative research was found that the direction of the future of Peranakan cultural tourism should A) emphasize on the local wisdom, impression, appreciation, and awareness of the visitors; B) the community owners or the local wisdom teachers should present the knowledge by themselves; C) the government should promote the new concept of the creative tourism for Thai and foreign tourists in many ways; D) should have various methods and media to promote the ideas and attitude of the creative tourism (Peranakan culture) for the tourists; E) should have various presentation methods to build a confidence for tourists; and F) should establish or develop a fundamental information source or information center for tourists who are interested in traveling in 5 provinces of Peranakan culture 3. The model should consist of A) Input (many academic knowledge, such the recreational activities, the concept of creative tourism, and the knowledge of Peranakan culture) B) the Process (the cooperative network management between the government, private sector, and people in the form of Community Based Management) and C) Output (creative activities according to the integrated tourism between 3 concepts a) the creative tourism b) the Authenticity Trend and c) the Peranakan culture). 4. The hypothesis testing was found that the creative tourism model was in efficiency and good quality.

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Development of Loyalty Programs through the Retail Industry in Albania

Fleetwood, S. (Eds.) Realist perspectives on management and organizations, Routledge, London, pp. 205-219 Foss, B., & Stone, M. (2001). Successful customer relationship marketing: new thinking, new strategies, new tools for getting closer to your customers. Kogan Page Publishers. Grewal, D., Iyer, G. R., & Levy, M. (2004). Internet retailing: enablers, limiters and market consequences. Journal of Business Research, 57(7), 703-713. Holland, C. P., & Naude, P. (2004). The metamorphosis of marketing into an information-handling problem. Journal of Business

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Growing Trends of Using Mobile in English Language Learning

References Brown, S., Hu, N., Castelli-Gair Hombria, J. (2001), Identification of the first invertebrate interleukin JAK/STAT receptor, the Drosophila gene domeless. Curr. Biol. 11(21): 1700--1705. Cooney, G., & Keogh, K. A., (2007), Use of mobile phones for language learning and assessment for learning . A Pilot Project St. Johns, Beamore Road, Drogheda, Co. Louth, Ireland National Council for Curriculum and Assessment. Retrieved on 2 January 2007 from www.ncca.ie . El-Hariry, N. A (2015), Mobile Phones As Useful Language Learning Tools. European

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