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Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

1 Introduction By the 1970s and especially into the eighties, the ideas of these thermonuclear Jesuits would have so thoroughly percolated through the corridors of power […] that, at least among fellow members of the congregation, their wisdom would be taken almost for granted, their assumptions worshipped as gospel truth, their insight elevated to an almost mystical level and accepted as dogma. […] [for they were the men who pondered mass destruction, who thought about the unthinkable, who invented nuclear strategy]. ( Kaplan 1983 : p. 11) The people

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Aerosol and gamma background measurements at Basic Environmental Observatory Moussala

References [1] [2] [3] The German Contribution to the WMO GAW Program “Monitoring and Research of Climate, Weather&Environmental Change”, 2006, 87-88. [4] Andrews E.; Ogren J.A., et al., Climatology of aerosol radiative properties in the free troposphere, 2011, 102, Issue 4, Pages 365-393 [5] Beddows D. C. S. et al., Variations in tropospheric submicron

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Issue of Actual Chronology of a Romanesque Chapel at the Wlen Castle (Lower Silesia, Poland) in the Light of Mortar Radiocarbon Dating

, Czernik J, Goslar E, 2004. Low-energy 14 C AMS in Poznan Radiocarbon Laboratory, Poland. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B 223: 5-11. Heinemeier J, Jungner H, Lindroos A, Ringbom A, von Konow T and Rud N, 1997. AMS 14 C dating of lime mortar. Nuclear Insttruments and Methods in Physics Research B 123: 487-495. Michniewicz J, 1997. Stone materials, mortars and ceramics applied in the Middle Ages and Rènaissance on the example of the castle in Wleń. PhD thesis. Adam Mickiewicz

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Human Reliability Analysis in the Context of Accident Scenarios

Safety. New York, 1993. Hickling, E. M., King, A. G. & Bell, R.: Human Factors in Electrical, Electronic and Programmable Electronic Safety-Related Systems. Vectra Group Ltd. Warrington, 2006. Hollnagel, E.: Human reliability assessment in context. Nuclear Engineering and Technology , Vol.37 (2) 2005 (159-166). Humphreys, P.: Human Reliability Assessors Guide. Safety and Reliability Directorate. Wigshaw Lane, 1988. IEC 61508: Functional Safety of Electrical

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Localization of caspase-3, caspase-8, cytochrome c, Hsp27, Hsp72 and LC3 in glioma cells upon quercetin and Temozolomide treatment

(4), 323-328. Lamson D. W., Brignall M. S., 2000. Antioxidants and Cancer III: Quercetin. Altern. Med. Rev. 5 (3), 196-208. Mizushima N., Yoshimori T., 2007. How to interpret LC3 immunoblotting. Autophagy 3 (6), 542-545 Nur-E-Kamal A., Gross S. R., Pan Z., Balklava Z., Ma J., Liu L. F., 2004. Nuclear translocation of cytochrome c during apoptosis. J. Biol. Chem. 29 (24), 24911-24914. Tanida I., Ueno T., Kominami E. 2004. LC3 conjugation system in mammalian

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Jet browser model accelerated by GPUs

. Lett., B269, 3-4 (1991) 432-438. ⇒ 173 [4] S. D. Ellis, D. E. Soper, Successive combination jet algorithm for hadron colli­sions, Phys. Rev. D 48, 7 (1993) 3160. ⇒173 [5] R. Forster, A. Fülöp, Yang-Mills lattice on CUDA, Acta Univ. Sapientiae, Inf, 5, 2 (2013) 184-211. ⇒172, 174, 175 [6] M. E. Peskin, D. V. Schroeder, Quantum Field Theory, Westview Press, 1995. ⇒ 172 [7] S. Salur, Full Jet Reconstruction in Heavy Ion Collisions, Nuclear Physics A 830. 1-4 (2009) 139c-146c. ⇒ 173 [8] T

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Energy Research in the Czech Republic and Abroad - International Cooperation in Research and Development

:// [6] Kučera Z., Vondrák T: Energetický výzkum v ČR a zahraničí - výdaje na výzkum a vývoj a jeho výsledky. Ergo č. 3 (2013) [7] Seventh Framework Programme. [8] European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) [9] Germany's new energy policy. Heading towards 2050 with secure, affordable and environmentally sound energy. Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie, 2012 http

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Risk Acceptation Principles in Transport

Tolerance Principles. /By Odd Nordland - wg: Assessing Risk and Setting Targets in Transport Safety Programmes. ETSC Report, Brussels 2003 CENELEC prR009-004, "Railway applications, Systematic Allocation of Safety Integrity Requirements", March 1999 The Netherlands Derivation of Safety Targets for the Random Failure of Programmable Vehicle Based System. SafeComp 2000, 25-27 October 2000, Rotterdam E. M. El Koursi, Ching-Yao Chan and Wei

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Was Viktor Orbán’s Unorthodox Economic Policy the Right Answer to Hungary’s Economic Misfortunes?

-General for Economic and Financial Affaires Unit Communication. European Commission (2013), Assessment of the 2013 national reform programme and convergence programme for HUNGARY, Brussels: European Commission. European Commission (2015), Country Report Hungary 2015, Brussels, European Commission. Eurostat Database – 01 (2015), Gross domestic product at market prices / Chain linked volumes (2010), million units of national currency, 30 April, [Online], Available: [04 May, 2015]. Eurostat Database – 02

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Discussion: the development of this skill in inquiry-based science teaching methodologies / Kształcenie umiejętności prowadzenia dyskusji zgodnie z metodologią nauczania przez odkrywanie


ESTABLISH - European Science and Technology in Action: Building Links with Industry, School and Home is a four year pan-European project funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). A specific aims of this project is to reinforce the links between school education and external world, so as to raise the level of scientific knowledge of teachers and their students, and increase students’ intrinsic motivation to science and technology. Inquiry-based science education (IBSE) has been selected as the methodology to facilitate this type of teaching and learning. In order to achieve this set aim, it is necessary to prepare the teaching staff to be involved in IBSE. Across Europe teachers and students have begun to adopt the IBSE methodology, facilitated by many projects including ESTABLISH. In Poland, the ESTABLISH teachers training included inter alia, two summer schools during which teachers can deepen the knowledge and understanding of how to apply the IBSE strategy into their own teaching practices. Selected because of their importance in contemporary society life, are the abilities to discuss, to argue and to draw connections. Those skills require the use of specific rules. During the ESTABLISH training, teachers were tasked with creating a list of rules to help them lead a “good discussion” in their classroom. They tried to follow those rules discussing many hot and current topics, for example nuclear energy or use of supplements to lose weight (Chitosan). The advantages and disadvantages of developing this skill (discussion) as part of this teaching method were examined by participants of summer school. At the end of classes teachers shared their experiences of working with proposed method and collectively created a list of discussion topics they thought would be interesting for students that can be implemented in Polish schools. In the presentation, our experiences, remarks and conclusions from working with summer schools' teachers of the ESTABLISH project will be shared.

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