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Grażyna J. Iwanowicz-Palus

Abstract

The sociology of morality as an empirical science explores the morality from its social side of the formation and functioning (morality as a social construct), from the social conditions of all the phenomena that create the field of morality. It also diagnoses the social conditions of its development, differentiation or regress.

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Andrzej Dąbrowski

. 4, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, 2009, pp. 567-578. 5. Biernat, A. Poglądy filozoficzne Leona Petrażyckiego i ich interpretacje, Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, 2001. 6. Brożek, B. Emocje jako fundament prawa. Uwagi o teorii Leona Petrażyckiego, In. J. Stelmach, J. Brożek, Ł. Kurek, K. Eliasz (eds.), Naturalizm prawniczy. Stanowiska, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer, 2015. 7. Denzin, N. K. Interaction, Law and Morality: The Contribution of Leon Petrażycki, In J. Górecki (ed.), Sociology and Jurisprudence of Leon

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Kinga Lachowicz-Tabaczek and Justyna Śniecińska

-197. Wojciszke, B. (2005a). Morality and competence in person- and self-perception. European Review of Social Psychology, 16 , 155-188. Wojciszke, B. (2005b). Affective concomitants of information on morality and competence. European Psychologist, 10 , 60-70. Wojciszke, B., & Baryła, W. (2005). Sądy o własnej sprawności i moralności a samoocena. [Opinions about one's agency and morality and self-esteem] In M. Straś-Romanowska, K. Lachowicz-Tabaczek, & A. Szmajke (Eds.), Jakość życia w badaniach i refleksji psychologicznej

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Ľubomír Belás

. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. HÁLA, V. (1994): Impulsy Kantovy etiky. (Kant – Bolzano – Brentano) . Prague: Filosofia. HÖFFE, O. (2001): Gerechtigkeit. Eine Philosophische Einführung . München: Verlag C. H. Beck. HÖFFE, O. (2005): Kantův kategorický imperativ jako kritérium mravnosti [Kant’s Categorical Imperative as the Criterion of Morality]. In: J. Chotaš & J. Karásek (eds.): Kantův kategorický imperativ [ Kant’s Categorical Imperative ]. Prague: OIKOYMENH, pp. 9–42. HÖFFE, O. (2012): Kants Kritik der praktischen Vernunft. Eine Philosophie

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Dan Negrescu

Abstract

In this article, we aim at showing the direction taken by Christian translators during the first centuries of Christianity. In parallel, we sketch the manner in which they answered the demands of translation and the expectations of patrons as well as their reconciling of the aesthetics and the ethics of translation.

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Joseph J. Hyde and Walter E. Block

. Mother Teresa or Bill Gates? May 23, 2016; https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/motherteresa-bill-gates-eric-sebast 55. Sirico, R. A. Moral Base for Liberty , Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Foundation for Economic Education, 1996. 56. Sirico, R. A. Capitalism, Morality and Markets , London: Institute for Economic Affairs, 2001. 57. Huerta de Soto, J. New Light on the Prehistory of the Theory of Banking and the School of Salamanca, The Review of Austrian Economics , 9, 2, 1996, pp. 59-81. 58. Huerta de Soto, J. Juan De Mariana: The Influence of the

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Hans J.L.M. Gribnau and Ave-Geidi Jallai

legal distinction between (illegal) corporate tax evasion and tax avoidance. Aggressive tax planning is not discussed in terms of legal or illegal behavior, but in moral terms. Therefore, it requires ethical reflection. Multinational enterprises need to reflect on their tax planning strategy - not only in economic and legal terms, but also in ethical terms. Therefore, this article addresses the relationship between society, morality and taxes (§2). The next issue to be dealt with is that of moral agency (§3). Morality regards the behavior of individuals, but does it

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Colin C. Williams and Ioana A. Horodnic

Abstract

Reporting a 2013 Eurobarometer survey of participation in the informal economy across eight Baltic countries, this paper tentatively explains the informal economy from an institutional perspective as associated with the asymmetry between the codified laws and regulations of the formal institutions (state morality) and the norms, values and beliefs of citizens (civic morality). Identifying that this non-alignment of civic morality with the formal rules is more acute when there is greater poverty and inequality, less effective redistribution and lower levels of state intervention in the labour market and welfare, the implications for theorising and tackling the informal economy are then discussed.

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Laura Carmen Cutitaru

Abstract

This paper describes the main drawbacks of extrapolating Noam Chomsky’s hypothesis about the existence of a Universal Grammar of language to the realm of morality as illustrated in Marc Hauser’s 2006 volume, Moral Minds.

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Viera Plechová

Abstract

The article deals with the ideas of humanity and morality as reflected in the works of R. W. Emerson, the main representative of an intellectual movement called American transcendentalism. It conveys basic facts about the movement and focuses on the key aspects of Emerson’s transcendental philosophy, particularly his concept of the Over-soul and his concept of Nature, which gave his humanistic philosophy a religious and moral accent. Due to it, Emerson’s religious humanism also became the basis of American democratic individualism. The article offers insight into Emerson’s ideas on morality and ethical behaviour, which challenge us to live in harmony with God and nature.