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Comparison of methods for deriving neural progenitor cells from nonhuman primate embryonic stem cells

essential regulatory role in maintaining an undifferentiated state, proliferation, and suppresses astrocyte differentiation [ 16 , 47 ]. TLX expression knockout dramatically reduced the neural stem cell population, but increased GFAP staining and extended GFAP processes in the subventricular zone [ 3 ]. This finding suggested that NPCs derived by feeder-free methods may have a higher tendency toward an astrocytic lineage with lower expression of TLX and high expression of GFAP Both methods of NPC derivation can produce NPCs with similar characteristics including the

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Brief communication (Original). Trefoil factor expression by immunohistochemistry in patients with oral lichen planus

- Gomez G, Gil-Montoya JA, Bascones-Martinez A. Significance of liquefaction degeneration in oral lichen planus: a study of its relationship with apoptosis and cell cycle arrest markers. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2007; 32:556-63. 21. Hirota M, Ito T, Okudela K, Kawabe R, Yazawa T, Hayashi H, et al. Cell proliferation activity and expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins in oral lichen planus. J Oral Pathol Med. 2002; 31:204-12. 22. van der Meij EH, van der Waal I. Lack of clinicopathologic correlation in the diagnosis of oral lichen planus

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Acute cadmium exposure augments MMP-9 secretion and disturbs MMP-9/TIMP-1 balance

, Huang S. Cadmium activates the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway via induction of reactive oxygen species and inhibition of protein phosphatases 2A and 5. Free Radic Biol Med. 2008; 45:1035-44. 25. Galan A, Garcia-Bermejo ML, Troyano A, Vilaboa NE, De Blas E, Kazanietz MG, et al. Stimulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is an early regulatory event for the cadmium induced apoptosis in human promonocytic cells. J Biol Chem. 2000; 275:11418-24. 26. Hyun JS, Satsu H, Shimizu M. Cadmium induces interleukin-8

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Immunotherapeutic efficacy of a Lactobacillus casei lysate as an adjuvant combined with a heated-4T1 mammary carcinoma cell lysate in a murine model of breast cancer

-cell lysate alone. However, with the exception of IL-2, no significant changes in cytokine levels were found after immunization with the L. casei lysate alone. L. casei can induce apoptosis in a colorectal cancer cells in vitro [ 3 ]. In vivo the antitumor effects of L. casei on colorectal cancer are mediated by modulation of regulatory T-cells towards a Th 17 -biased immune response [ 31 ]. These findings are consistent with the increased secretion of IL-17 seen following immunization with the combined vaccine in the present study. The antitumor efficacy of

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Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract ameliorates albuminuria and renal sclerosis in experimental diabetic nephropathy rats

, Numakami K, Saruta T, Itoh H. Glucose loading induces DNA fragmentation in rat proximal tubular cells. Metabolism. 1996; 45: 1348-53. 30. Ortiz A, Ziyadeh FN, Neilson EG. Expression of apoptosis-regulatory genes in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells exposed to high ambient glucose and in diabetic kidneys. J Investig Med. 1997; 45:50-6. 31. Lee EY, Lee MY, Hong SW, Chung CH, Hong SY. Blockade of oxidative stress by vitamin C ameliorates albuminuria and renal sclerosis in experimental diabetic rats. Yonsi Med J. 2007; 48

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Downregulation in the mRNA expression of nuclear hormone receptor liver-X-receptor alpha (LXR-α) by TNF-α is abolished by the antioxidant kaempferol, but not ascorbic acid, in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells

, Grunfeld C, Feingold KR. Downregulation of liver X receptor-α in mouse kidney and HK-2 proximal tubular cells by LPS and cytokines. J Lipid Res. 2005; 46:2377-87. 10. Ng DL, Tie SW, Ong PC, Lim WS, Tengku-Muhammad TS, Choo, QC, Chew CH. Rapamycin pre-treatment abrogates Tumour Necrosis Factor-α down-regulatory effects on LXR-α and PXR mRNA expression via inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 activation in HepG2 cells [Internet]. Electron J Biotechn. 2011; 14. Available from http://www.ejbiotechnology.info/index.php/ejbiotechnology/article/viewFile/v14n3

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Effects of skeletal muscle denervation on potency of rocuronium

resistance to d-Tubocurarine in local rather than in distant muscles in the rat. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91:1243-9. 7. Adams L, Carlson BM, Henderson L, Goldman D. Adaptation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, myogenin, and MRF4 gene expression to long-term muscle denervation. J Cell Biol. 1995; 131:1341-9. 8. Wagatsuma A, Osawa T. Time course of changes in angiogenesis-related factors in denervated muscle. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2006; 187: 503-9. 9. Magnusson C, Hogklint L, Libelius R, Tagerud S. Expression of mRNA for plasminogen

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MicroRNAs: potential regulators of airway smooth muscle cell plasticity involved in asthma-induced airway remodeling

, Sonenberg N. Mechanisms of post-transcriptional regulation by microRNAs: are the answers in sight? Nat Rev Genet. 2008; 9:102-14. 42. Bartel DP. MicroRNAs: target recognition and regulatory functions. Cell. 2009; 136:215-33. 43. Schwarz DS, Hutv­gner G, Du T, Xu Z, Aronin N, PD. Z. Asymmetry in the assembly of the RNAi enzyme complex. Cell. 2003; 115:199-208. 44. Xiao C, Rajewsky K. MicroRNA control in the immune system: basic principles. Cell. 2009; 136:26-36. 45. Vasudevan S, Steitz JA. AU

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Otosclerosis: association of COLIA1 Sp1 binding site polymorphism in Alexandria, Egypt

. 10. Causse JR, Causse JB. Otospongiosis as a genetic disease. Am J Otol. 1984; 5:211-23. 11. Markou K, Goudakos J: An overview of the etiology of otosclerosis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009; 266: 25-35. 12. Willing MC, Deschenes SP, Slayton RL, Roberts EJ. Premature chain termination is a unifying mechanism for COL1A1 null alleles in osteogenesis imperfecta type I cell strains. Am J Hum Genet. 1996; 59:799-809. 13. McKenna MJ, Kristiansen AG, Tropitzsch AS. Similar COL1A1 expression in fibroblasts from some patients

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Novel biomarkers of hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis: metabolomic identification

;13:818-29. 8. Qiu Y, Su M, Liu Y, Chen M, Gu J, Zhang J, et al. Application of ethyl chloroformate derivatization for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabonomic profiling. Anal Chim Acta. 2007; 583:277-83. 9. Trygg J, Gullberg J, Johansson AI, Jonsson P, Antti H, Marklund SL, et al. Extraction and GC/MS analysis of the human blood plasma metabolome. Anal Chem. 2005; 77: 8086-94. 10. Wang X, Su M, Qiu Y, Ni Y, Zhao T, Zhou M, et al. Metabolic regulatory network alterations in response to acute cold stress and ginsenoside

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