’s qualityoflife. Currently, it is advocated that if the cancerous lesion is limited to the mucosa or invades the submucosal layer ≤ 1000 μm (SM1), the risk of lymph node metastasis is lower and most patients are eligible for endoscopic resection. While regular follow-up examination after endoscopic resection is mandatory, there is no consensus on the interval for follow-ups. Generally, the interval should be shorter than as for average patients ( e.g ., 3-6 months). For cancerous lesions that invade the submucosal layer > 1000 μm, with no clear-demarcated boundaries, or
Viorel Dejeu, Dănuţ-Aurel Dejeu, Paula Dejeu and Aurel Babeş
M, Pomp A. Early experience with two-stage laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass as an alternative in the super-super obese patient. Obes Surg 13: 861–864, 2003.
17. D’Hondt M, Vanneste S, Pottel H et al. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a single-stage procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity and the resulting qualityoflife, resolution of comorbidities, food tolerance, and 6-year weight loss. Surg Endosc 25: 2498–2504, 2011.
18. Chopra A, Chao E, Etkin Y, Merklinger L, Lieb J, Delany H. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for obesity: Can
Rafael Torres-Valadez, Sonia Roman, Alexis Jose-Abrego, Maricruz Sepulveda-Villegas, Claudia Ojeda-Granados, Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez and Arturo Panduro
-resources hinders the plausibility to detect liver disease with high-cost methodologies.
Given the active alcoholism of the Mexican population, the low screening rate of HCV and HBV infection, and the excess weight factor in more than 70% of the adults, the number of cases of chronic liver damage and LC may increase shortly. Therefore, the early recognition of liver damage is necessary to establish prevention strategies, avoid the progression of fibrosis and improve the qualityoflife in these patients. This scenario provides the opportunity to establish preventive and
steatosis to cirrhosis. Hepatology 2006; 43: S99–112. Farrell GC Larter CZ Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: from steatosis to cirrhosis Hepatology 2006 43 S99–112
56 Panagaria N, Varma K, Nijhawan S, Mathur A, Rai RR. Qualityoflife and nutritional status in alcohol addicts and patients with chronic liver disease. Trop. Gastroenterol 2007; 28: 171–5. Panagaria N Varma K Nijhawan S Mathur A Rai RR Qualityoflife and nutritional status in alcohol addicts and patients with chronic liver disease Trop. Gastroenterol 2007 28 171 – 5
An Verdoodt, Patrick M. Honore, Rita Jacobs, Elisabeth De Waele, Viola Van Gorp, Jouke De Regt and Herbert D. Spapen
complaints, ranging from mild serum creatine kinase elevations and myalgia to severe muscle weakness, muscle cramps, myositis and rhabdomyolysis.[ 30 ] Amongst others, CKD is a common risk factor for the development of statin-induced myopathy. Patients with CKD may become more prone to this invalidating and potential life-threatening complication when other significant risk factors ( e . g ., advanced age, female gender, liver dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, etc .) are accumulating.
One case report described acute rhabdomyolysis and purpura fulminans in a patient who
Cornelia Zetu, Rubin Munteanu, Raluca Parasca and Constantin Ionescu-Tîrgovişte
bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 357: 753-761, 2007.
16. Melissas J . IFSO guidelines for safety, quality, and excellence in bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 18: 497-500, 2008.
17. Toh SY, Zarshenas N, Jorgensen J. Prevalence of nutrient deficiencies in bariatric patients. Nutrition 25: 1150-1156, 2009.
18. Chapman AE, Kiroff G, Game P et al . Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in the treatment of obesity: a systematic literature review. Surgery 135: 326-351, 2004.
19. Giusti V, Suter M, Héraïef E
Des Crowley, Walter Cullen, Eamon Laird, John S. Lambert, Tina Mc Hugh, Carol Murphy and Marie Claire Van Hout
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains a major public health burden. It is spread by contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. [ 1 - 6 ] An estimated 185 million people are infected with HCV globally [ 7 ] with a reported 15 million Europeans living with HCV infection. [ 8 , 9 ] Chronic disease outcomes occur in 55-85% of untreated cases, and center around an impaired qualityoflife, liver cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. [ 10 , 11 ] Injecting drug use remains a significant driver of the European HCV
Klaus-Dieter Kohnert, Peter Heinke, Eckhard Zander, Lutz Vogt and Eckhard Salzsieder
Glucose (ADAG) study. Diabetologia 54: 69-72, 2011.
10. Barr EL, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA et al. Risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in individuals with diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Life Style Study (AusDiab). Circulation 116: 151-157, 2007.
11. Monami M, Adalsteinsson JE, Desideri CM, Ragghianti B, Dicembrini I, Mannucci E. Fasting and post-prandial glucose and diabetic complication. A metaanalysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23: 591-598, 2013
Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare and life-threatening vascular disorder, consisting of hepatic venous outflow obstruction at any level between the small hepatic veins and the right atrium. [ 1 , 2 ]
BCS is classified into two categories. BCS is regarded as secondary BCS when the hepatic flow is obstructed by compression or invasion of a lesion outside the hepatic venous outflow track (benign or malignant tumors, cysts, abscess, and so on). [ 3 ] BCS is regarded as primary BCS if the flow is obstructed because of the primary venous anomaly
infected. [ 5 ] After that, during 2007–2013, the few cases of infection with ZIKV reported were in travelers returning from afflicted countries of Africa or Southeast Asia. [ 23 , 24 ]
The ZIKV is transmitted primarily by Aedes spp. mosquitoes that are infected. [ 6 , 7 , 12 , 25 , 26 ] Cases have been reported from elsewhere in the world and also from the developed countries that could well be attributed to patients having traveled to the afflicted countries. [ 6 ] The scientific data about this virus is sparse and no clear picture about the exact life cycle